Bismillah
www.Allah.com
www.Muhammad.com
Wakf Standard Project of 1950 Prophetic Sayings (Hadith) reported by Imam Nawawi via Hafiz Abdullah Ghumari in 88 Languages in 372 chapters (booklets) with 2000 topics in utf8 format both html and word.docx.


Salam

This is our flagship final English translation of Imam Nawawis celebrated collection of 1950 Prophetic Sayings (Hadith) arranged in 327 chapters with 2000 topics. We kept reviewing it from 1984 to 2014.

It is the best ever Prophetic Sayings (Hadith) manual and everyone guide to Islam on the tongue of the Prophet Muhammad, may the praise and peace of Allah be upon him.

Please compare it with your languages (of 87 copies we released) of printed copy if any. Correct and send us to update its link. 

Download Final English copy here volume 1

 

1950 372 2000

676 - 80

 

%

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MERICFUL, THE MOST MERCIFUL Everyone Handbook manual of the teachings of Prophet Muhammad praise and peace be upon him. In Arabic: Reyadh al Salaheen, Compiled by Imam Nawawi.

 

MP3 Audio is available in our site:

http://www.muhammad.com/media/index.php?book=Prophet-Muhammad-speaks&&mqp=1

 

All the hadith in this audio are authentic and the reference to each hadith can be found in the printed copy. The decision was made not to read the reference as it detracts from the message of the hadith. Covering 372 Subjects. See our 61 subjects version.

 

Translated and recorded in MP3 by Anne (Khadijah Darwish) Stephens 1984-2014 Darwish Family. All rights reserved.

 

English Translation 10th Revision. WAKF FISABILILLAH, NOT for sale or resale even if it is not profit org or royal government because all our work is for Allah alone.

 

Translator's Preface In the 1980's the Darwish family started their production of authentic Islamic material in Cairo, and continued thereafter in Dubai, London, and also in Muhammad Ali, the boxer's villa near the University of Chicago, USA. As they traveled for 28 years throughout the USA they continued to produce their Islamic material IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MERICFUL, THE MOST MERCIFUL, Whom we ask to forgive us and have mercy of us and save us, our household and source tribes, offspring, teachers and those helped our sites and work from the punishment of the grave and hell.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 5 ] : ( ) [ : 37 ] : ( ) [ : 29 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF SINCERITY Let us start by reading a few verses from the Koran Allah, the High, has said: "Yet they were ordered to worship Allah alone, making the Religion His sincerely, upright, and to establish their prayers and to pay the obligatory charity. That is indeed the Religion of Straightness." Ch. 98:5 Koran "Their flesh and blood does not reach Allah, rather, it is piety from you that reaches Him. As such He has subjected them to you, in order that you exalt Him for guiding you. And give glad tidings to the generous." Ch. 22:37 Koran "Say: 'Whether you hide what is in your hearts or reveal it, Allah knows it. He knows all that is in the heavens and earth and has power over all things.'" Ch.3:29 Koran

%

| 1- : : " " . . . |

%

THE IMPORTANCE OF INTENTION Hadith tells us H 1 "I, (Omar son of Al Khattab) heard the Messenger of Allah (praise and peace be upon him) say: "Indeed, deeds are (judged) only by the intention, and there is for everyone that which he intended. If one's migration is to Allah and His Messenger, then one's migration is to Allah and His Messenger. If one's migration is to seek the world, then one's migration is for that. If a man migrates for the sake of a woman and marries her, then his migration is for that which he migrated.'" R 1 Bukhari and with a chain up to (Abu Hafs) Omar son of al-Khattab who related this.

%

| 2- : : " " . : : ! : " " . . |

%

THE FATE OF THE INNOCENT The Prophet said H 2 "An army will advance upon Ka'ba but when it reaches the barren land, all of them, the first and the last, will be swallowed up by the earth." Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her asked: 'Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, how is it that the first and last of them will be swallowed up yet among them are civilians and those who are not from them?' He replied: 'Their first and last will be swallowed up, but they will be resurrected according to their intention.'" R 2 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of the believers Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, related: The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 3- : : " " . : . |

%

MIGRATION H 3 "There is no migration after the opening (of Mecca); rather, fighting and intention remain - and when you are called upon go (to war)." (The meaning of this is that there is no migration from Mecca because it had become the Islamic land). R 3 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, related: The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 4- : : " " . : " " . : : " " . |

%

HEARTS IN UNISON H 4 "We (the Companions) were with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, in a battle when he said: 'There are some men in Medina who are with you wherever you march and in whatever valley you cross. It is only illness that has kept them from being with you. They are equal to you in reward.'" R 4 Muslim with a chain up to (Abu Abdullah) Jabir son of Abdullah al-Ansari said this.

%

| 4- : : " " . |

%

FELLOW FEELINGS H H 5 "We (the Companions) were returning from the battle of Tabuk with the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, when he said: 'There are people left behind in Medina who were with us in every pass we crossed and every valley we traversed. They were held back by some (valid) excuse.'" R 5 Bukhari with a chain up to Anas said this.

%

| 5- : . : : " " . |

%

CHARITY H H 6 "My father, Yazid, gave several dinars (gold coins) in charity and left them in the care of a man in the mosque. I went to that man and brought the dinars back to my father. He said: 'By Allah, I did not mean these for you.' So we went to the Prophet, the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and submitted the matter to him. He said: 'Yazid, for you there is what you intended and Ma'an for you what you have taken.'" R Bukhari with a chain up to (Abu Yazid) Ma'an son of Yazid son of al-Akhnas (he, his father and his grandfather were among the Companions of the Prophet) said this.

%

| 6- : : : "" : : "" : : " - - " : : : " . " . . |

%

CHARITY BEGINS AT HOME H H 7 "In the year of the Farewell Pilgrimage, Sa'ad was in so much pain that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, went to visit him. Sa'ad said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, you can see I am in a lot of pain. I am a wealthy man and my sole heir is my daughter. May I give two-thirds of my wealth in charity?' He replied: 'No.' 'Then one-half, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him? Again he said: 'No.' 'Well perhaps, one-third, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him? At this the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'One-third, and one-third is a lot. It is better that you should leave her rich rather than dependent, begging people. Indeed, you will not spend anything seeking the Face of Allah and not receive a reward for it, even that which you put in the mouth of your wife.' Then Sa'ad said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, am I to be left behind in Mecca after my Companions leave?' He replied: 'You will not be left behind doing anything seeking the pleasure of Allah, that will not cause you to be raised in degree and rank. May you be left in order that some people might benefit from you and that some are harmed by you.' Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, supplicated (saying): 'O Allah, complete for my Companions their migration, and do not turn them back on their heels.' But the one to be pitied was Sa'ad, the son of Khawlah who died in Mecca, for whom the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, expressed mercy and compassion." R 7 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to (Abu Ishaq) Sa'ad, the son of Abi Wakkas Malik son of Uhaib (one of the ten given the glad tidings of admission into Paradise) said this.

%

| 7- : : " " . |

%

THE PURITY OF ONE'S HEART H 8 "Allah does not look to your bodies and images, but He looks at your hearts." R Muslim with a chain up to (Abu Hurairah) Abdur Rahman son of Shakhr related: The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 8- : : " " . |

%

THE PATH TO ALLAH H H 9 "The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, was asked: 'Which among these is upon the Path of Allah: a man who fought out of bravery; a man who fought for tribal pride, or the man who fought for the sake of showing-off?' He replied: 'Whosoever fights in order to let the Word of Allah be the highest is on the Path of Allah.'" R 9 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to (Abu Musa) Abdullah son of Kays al-Asha'ri said this.

%

| 9- : : " " : : " " . |

%

PREMEDITATED MURDER H 10 "When two Muslims (submitters to Allah) oppose each other with swords, both the killer and the murdered will be in Hell. I (Abu Bakrah) said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, surely, it is only the killer. What about the one who has been killed?' He answered: 'The other was also eager to kill his companion.'" R Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to (Abu Bakrah) Nafi' son of al-Harith ath-Thaqfi, related, the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 10- : : " : : " . . : "" : .

%

BENEFITS OF PRAYING IN THE MOSQUE H 11 "The prayer of a man offered in congregation is more than twenty degrees greater in merit than his prayer offered in his market-place or in his home. Therefore, when one of them makes a fine ablution and comes to the mosque with no desire except for the prayer, and nothing motivated him except the prayer, his degree is raised for every step he took and a sin is removed up until he enters the mosque. When he enters the mosque, he is considered to be in a state of prayer as long as the prayer keeps him until its time; and the angels continue to pray for him as long as he remains in his place of prayer, and they supplicate saying: 'O Allah have mercy on him, O Allah, forgive him, O Allah accept his repentance,' for as long as he does no harm there, and so long as he does not loose his state of purity." R 11 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah related: The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 11- : " " . |

%

UNEXPECTED REWARD H 12 "Indeed, Allah has written the merits and sins, and has clarified them. Whosoever intended a merit but did not practice it, Allah, the Blessed, the High, writes it with Him as a complete reward. Whereas if he intended it and practiced it, Allah writes it as ten rewards up to seven hundred, doubled, and multiplied. However, if he intended a sin but does not commit it, Allah, the High, writes it with Him as a complete reward. Whereas if he intended it and committed it, Allah writes it as one sin." R 12 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to (Abu al-'Abbas) Abdullah son of Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib with a chain up to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, amongst that which he reported with a chain up to his Lord, the Blessed, the High, says this.

%

| 12- : : " : . : - - . . : - : - - : : . . : : : : : ! : . " . |

%

THE VALUE OF GOOD DEEDS H 13 "I (Abu Abdur Rahman) heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say: 'There were three people, amongst a people who lived before you. They were traveling and found a cave, and entered it in order to spend the night. Then, a rock slid down from the mountain and blocked the entrance to the cave. They said to each another: 'Nothing will save you from this rock except that you supplicate to Allah, the High, with your good deeds.' One of them said: 'O Allah, I had two aged parents and I did not serve a drink to any family member or servant before them. One day I was drawn far away in search of greenery (to feed his cattle) and did not return until after my parents had gone to sleep. After I finished the milking I brought them their drink and found them sleeping, I hated to wake them, nor would I give any part of the milk to my family or servants before serving them. So I remained with the jug in my hand waiting for them to wake until the break of dawn and the children were crying from hunger by my feet. So they awoke and drank their evening drink. O Allah, if I did this seeking Your Face, so relieve us from that which we are in on account of this rock.' Thereupon the rock moved a little but they were unable to emerge from the cave. Another said: 'O Allah, I had a female cousin, who was to me the most beloved person of all people. I wanted her, but she denied me. Then she was stricken by a barren year, so she came to me, and I gave her a hundred and twenty dinars (gold coins) on condition that she surrender herself to me, so she did. When I was in control, above her, she said: 'Fear Allah, and do not break the seal except with its rights,' so I left her although she was to me the most beloved person, and I left the gold I had given her. O Allah, if I did this seeking Your Face, so relieve us from that which we are in.' Thereupon the rock moved again, but they were still unable to emerge from the cave. Then the other said: 'O Allah, I hired some laborers and paid them all their wages except for one man who left what was due to him and went away. I nurtured his wage in business and his wealth increased. After a time he came to me and said: 'O worshiper of Allah, give me my wage'" So I said: 'By Allah, all that you see is from your wage: camels, cows, sheep and youths.' He said: 'O worshiper of Allah, do not mock me.' I replied: 'I do not mock you.' So he took it all and drove it, leaving nothing of it. O Allah, if I did this seeking Your Face, so relieve us from that which we are in.' Thereupon the rock moved and they emerged, walking, from the cave." R 13 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to (Abu Abdur Rahman) Abdullah son of Omar al-Khattab said this.

%

| @ : : : . : . : . . : . . . : ( ) [ : 31 ] : ( ) [ : 3 ] : ( ) [ : 8 ]. |

%

ON THE SUBJECTOF REPENTANCE 2 Imam Nawawi commented before reporting the hadith on this subject saying: "Repentance is obligatory for each individual sin. If the sin is between the worshiper and Allah, the High, with no relation to another human its repentance consists of three conditions: 1. That he/she abandons the sin immediately. 2. That he/she regrets having done it. 3. That he/she is determined never to practice it again. If any of these three conditions is missing, the repentance is not valid. If the sin involves the rights of another human, then a fourth condition will be added which is that he/she satisfies the rights of the owner by, for example, returning his/her property, or presents him/herself for the Islamic punishment, or obtains a pardon from the injured party. Therefore it is obligatory to repent from all sins. Although if he/she repents from some it will be accepted, however, the remainder of his/her unrepented sins, remain a burden for that person. The obligation of repentance is obvious from the proofs found in the Koran, the Prophetic ways and the collective opinion of Muslim scholars." Let us start by reading a few verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted, has said: "..... and, O believers, turn to Allah all together, in order that you may prosper." (24.31) "And ask forgiveness of your Lord, then repent to Him." (11.3) "Believers, turn to Allah in sincere repentance.." (66.8).

%

| 13- : : " " . |

%

FORGIVENESS H 14 "By Allah, I seek the forgiveness of Allah and turn to Him more than seventy times a day." R 14 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah reported that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 14- : : " " . |

%

WHO SHOULD SEEK FORGIVENESS H 15 "O people, turn to Allah and seek forgiveness from Him. For myself, I turn to Allah a hundred times a day." R 15 Muslim with a chain up to al-Agharr son of Yasar al-Muzani said: the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 15- - - : : " " . : " : ! " . |

%

REPENTANCE H 16 "Allah is more pleased with the repentance of His worshiper than one of you, who, if you had lost a camel in a barren dessert suddenly found it. Allah is more pleased with the repentance of His worshiper than someone would be if he had lost his riding camel carrying his food and drink in a barren dessert. Then, when lying down in the shade of a tree he suddenly finds it standing near to him, and seizes it by the rope through its nose; then, being overwhelmed with happiness, his tongue slips and he says: 'O Allah, You are my worshiper and I am Your Lord!' (And then asks for forgiveness)." R 16 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to (Abu Hamzah) Anas son of Malik al-Ansari said, the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 16- : " " . |

%

WHAT TIME IS GOOD TO REPENT H 17 "Allah will continue to hold out His Hand at night so that he who has sinned during the day might repent, and to hold out His Hand during the day so that he who has sinned at night might repent, till the sun rises from the west." R 17 Muslim with a chain up to (Abu Musa) Abdullah, the son of Kays al-Asha'ri who related, the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 17- : : " " . |

%

REPENTANCE IS ALWAYS ACCEPTED FROM THE LIVING H 18 "Allah will turn with mercy to whosoever repents before the sun rises from the west." R 18 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah reported, the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 18- : " " : " " . |

%

LAST CHANCE TO REPENT H 19 "Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified, will accept the repentance of His worshiper up until the throes of death." R 19 Tirmidhi with a chain up to (Abu Abdur Rahman) Abdullah son of Omar son of al-Khattab related, the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 19- : : : : . : : - - . : : : : "" : ! ! : . : : " " . - : - . : " ". |

%

IN SEARCH OF KNOWLEDGE H H 20 "Zirr went to Safwan, the son of Assal to inquire about the wiping of the hand over leather socks (when making ablution). Safwan asked me: 'Zirr, what brings you here?' Zirr replied: 'The search of knowledge.' Safwan said: 'The angels spread their wings for the one who seeks knowledge out of pleasure of that which he seeks.' Thereupon Zirr told Safwan: 'Some doubt has arisen in my mind concerning the wiping of the hand over socks after one has relieved himself. Because you are one of the Companions of the Prophet I have come to ask you about it, did you hear him mention anything concerning it?' 'Yes' Safwan replied: 'The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told us that while we were on a journey we need not remove our socks to wash our feet for a period of three days and nights when we make ablution, except after having had intercourse with our wives. However, in other cases such as after sleep, relieving oneself and so on, you need only wipe your hands over the socks during that period.' Then Zirr asked him: 'Did you hear him say anything concerning love and affection?' Safwan replied: 'Once when we were journeying with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, a Bedouin called out to him in a loud, harsh voice saying: 'O Muhammad!' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, answered him in almost the same tone saying: "Here am I." I (Safwan) spoke to the Bedouin saying: 'Woe to you, lower your voice in his presence; this is the command of Allah.' The Bedouin replied: "I will not lower my voice!" Then addressing the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, the Bedouin asked: "What about the person who loves a people but is unable to be in their company?" The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, answered: "On the Day of Judgement, a person will be in the company of those he loves." After that, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, continued talking to us and mentioned a gateway in the west the width of which could be crossed by a rider in forty or seventy years.'" One of the narrators of this hadith added: "'The gateway is somewhere in the direction of Syria. Allah created it along with the creation of the heavens and the earth. It is open for repentance, and will not be closed until the sun rises from the West.'" R 20 and others with a chain up to Zirr son of Hubaish said this.

%

| 20- : : " . : : . : : . : : - - : . " . : " " . : " : " . : " " . |

%

WHEN YOU TURN TO ALLAH, ALLAH TURNS TO YOU H 21 "There was a man from a nation before you who had killed ninety-nine people, he inquired who was the most learned person on earth, and was directed to a monk. He went to the monk and said: 'I have killed ninety-nine people, is there any chance that my repentance will be accepted?' The monk answered: 'No.' So he killed the monk who then became his hundredth victim. He inquired again who was the most learned person on earth, and was directed to a wise man. He went to the wise man and said: 'I have killed a hundred people, is there a chance that my repentance will be accepted?' The wise man replied: 'Yes, what can stand between you and repentance? Go to such and such a land, in it are people who worship Allah. Join them in the worship of Allah but do not return to your own land, because it is an evil place. So the man set out. He had only reached half way when death overtook him; whereupon the Angels of Mercy and the Angels of Punishment debated with one another for his soul. The Angels of Mercy entreated that he had become penitent and had turned towards Allah; whereas the Angels of Punishment entreated that he had never done a good deed. Then, in the form of a human, an angel appeared before them and the angels were agreeable that he should arbitrate between them. He told them to measure the distance between the two lands, saying that the land the man was closer too was the land to which he belonged. The angels measured the distance and he was found to be closer to the land to which he was journeying, so the Angels of Mercy took charge of him." In another narration it says that the man was found closer to the land of the righteous by the span of a hand and was counted to be one of them. There is also another narration that says that Allah commanded the space on one side to expand and the space on the other to contract, and then said: 'Now carry out the measurement.' And, it was found that he was nearer to his goal by the span of a hand so he received forgiveness. It is also narrated that he came closer by crawling on his chest. R 21 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to (Abu Sa'id) Sa'ad son of Malik, son of Sanan al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 21- : . : . . ( ) : : : " " : . : ! . : " " . : : : . : "" : " " : : . : : " " . : . : : : : : : : : . - : - . . : : : . : . : : : : : . : . : : " " : . : : ! : . : . - - . : : " " : : " " : . : " " . : . : : : ( ( : ( ( : ( ) [ : 117-119 ] : : ( ) [ : 95-96 ] : . : ( ( . . : . : . |

%

HONESTY IS THE BEST POLICY H H 22 "Ka'ab son of Malik, gave a full account of the incident that prompted him to remain behind the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, when he proceeded to the campaign at Tabuk. Ka'ab said: 'I (Ka'ab) accompanied the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, upon every campaign except Tabuk. However, I did not accompany the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, to Badr, and at that time he did not blame anyone who did not accompany him. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and the Muslims had been observing a Koraysh caravan when Allah ordained an unexpected incident to occur between them and their enemies. However, I was present with the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, during the night of Aqabah when we pledged our oath of complete dedication to Islam, and I would not like to exchange Aqabah for Badr with all its fame. As for my failure to accompany the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, at the campaign of Tabuk I will tell you. At that time I was stronger and more affluent than at any other time. I had two riding camels - before that I had never owned two. It was the practice of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, that whenever he decided to embark upon a campaign not to disclose his real objective until the last moment. However, on this occasion, because it was the season of intense heat, the journey was to be long across the desert, and the enemy was great in strength, he warned the Muslims clearly and told them of his objective so that they were able to make adequate preparations. The number of those who prepared to make themselves ready to accompany the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, was great, but a register had not yet been established to list all of them. No man reluctant to go imagined that his absence would go unnoticed unless it was disclosed by Allah. It was a time when the fruit on the trees had ripened and their shade dense - this too worked upon my mind. The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and the Muslims who were to accompany him occupied themselves with their preparations. I would go out in the morning intending to do the same along with them, only to return later without accomplishing anything, saying to myself: 'There is plenty of time. I can get ready whenever I wish.' Time passed and the Muslims completed their preparations. Then one day, the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, set out with them upon the march. I had done nothing to prepare myself. I remained in my indecisive state, without accomplishing anything, while the Muslims set off on their march. I thought I would set off by myself and overtake them - how I wish I had done so, but it was not to be. As I went about in the town it grieved me to observe that among those who remained at home, like me, were those who were either suspected of hypocrisy or excused on account of age or something similar. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, made no mention of me until after he reached Tabuk. One day when he was sitting with the Companions he inquired: 'What has happened to Ka'ab, the son of Malik?' Someone from among the Bani Salimah said: 'Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, he did not come because of his two cloaks and admiration of his finery!' Upon hearing this Mu'az, the son of Jabal said: 'Evil is what you have said. O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, we know nothing about him except good.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, made no comment. It was at this time that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, observed someone riding in the distance clad in white and exclaimed: 'May it be Abu Khaisamah', and he proved to be correct - Abu Khaisamah had been taken for a beggar by the hypocrites when he gave a small quantity of dates in charity. When I learned that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, was on his return from Tabuk I was filled with anxiety and began to generate false excuses in my mind to help save myself from his displeasure. I consulted members of my family whose judgment I trusted but when I heard that the Prophet's arrival was imminent, I realized that no false excuse would help me therefore I decided to tell the truth. He arrived the next morning. When he returned from a journey it was his custom to go straight to the Mosque and offer two voluntary units of prayer (raka's), and then meet the people. He did the same on this occasion and those who had had not partaken in the campaign came forward and began, on oath, to give their excuses. They were over eighty people and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, accepted their excuses and renewed their oaths. Then he prayed for forgiveness for them and committed to Allah whatever they had in their mind. When it came to my turn and I greeted him; he smiled, but displeasure was visible in his smile, and said: 'Come forward.' So, I stepped forward and sat down before him. He asked: 'What kept you back, had you not purchased your mount?' I replied: 'Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, if I had been confronted by someone other than yourself; a man of the world, I could easily escape his displeasure with some excuse, because I am gifted with skill of plausibility. However, I know that if I were to concoct a false story to you today, that might even convince you, without doubt Allah will soon arouse your displeasure against me over something else. But, if I tell you the truth and you are displeased with me, I can still hope for mercy from Allah, the Exalted. By Allah I have no excuse. I was never stronger nor more affluent than when I held myself back from accompanying you.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'This one has told the truth, now withdraw, until Allah decides your case.' Some men of the children of Salimah followed me out of the Mosque and said: 'We have never known you to err before this, why did you not offer an excuse to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, like the others who had held back from the campaign - your error would have found its forgiveness through the supplication of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him.' They persisted in reproaching me so harshly that I almost went back to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, to withdraw my confession. Then, I asked them: "Has there ever been a case similar to mine?" They replied: "Murarah, the son of Rabi'a 'Amiri and Hilal, the son of Umayyah Waqifi." When they mentioned these two righteous men who had participated in the Battle of Badr, and possessed many good qualities, I was strengthened in my original resolve. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, directed the Muslims not to speak to the three of us. People avoided us as if they were strangers, and it felt as if I was in an alien land. This state of affairs continued for fifty days. My two Companions were so overcome by misery and shame that they retired from the world shutting themselves away in their homes. Being the youngest and more resilient of the three, I would go out and join my fellow Muslims for prayers and walk in the streets although no one would speak to me. I would wait before the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when he sat in the Mosque after prayer and greet him and wondered whether he had moved his lips to return my greeting. During the prayer, I would stand near him and noticed that he would glance in my direction when I was occupied with prayer and look away when I looked in his direction. Feeling anguish and deeply hurt by the harshness of Muslims towards me, one day I climbed over the garden wall belonging to my cousin Abu Katadah of whom I was very fond. I greeted him, but he did not return my greeting. I said to him: 'Abu Katadah, I ask you in the Name of Allah, do you not know that I love Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him?' But he remained silent. I repeated my earnest question, but he still did not reply. I asked a third time and he replied: 'Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, know best.' When I heard this, I could not restrain my tears and returned home. One day I was loitering in the market-place of Medina when I heard a peasant from Syria, who had brought grain to sell, ask: 'Would someone direct me to Ka'ab, the son of Malik?' The people pointed in my direction so he came to me and handed me a letter from the King of Ghassan. Being literate I read it. It read: 'We have heard that your master has treated you unjustly. Allah has not made you to be either humiliated or maltreated. Come to us and we shall receive you graciously.' Having read it, I said to myself: 'This is another trial,' and threw it into the oven. After forty days of the fifty had elapsed without any indication in the Revelation concerning us, a messenger of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, came to me and said: 'The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, directs you not to associate with your wife.' I inquired: 'Should I divorce her or what should I do?' He replied: 'No, just do not associate with her.' I understood that my two companions had been directed likewise, and I told my wife to go her parents and remain with them until Allah determined the matter. The wife of Hilal, the son of Umayyah went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, Hilal, the son of Umayyah is old and unable to look after himself, he does not have a servant. Would it displease you if I were to serve him?' 'No', he replied, 'but he should not associate with you.' Whereupon she told the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, 'Ever since this happened, he has no interest in me, and has wept continuously.' Some of my people suggested to me that I should also seek the permission of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, so that my wife might also look after me as the wife of Hilal, the son of Umayyah had done, but I did not ask the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, for this because I did not know what he might say, and besides, I was young. Ten more days and nights passed like this. On the fifty-first morning, after the dawn prayer, I was sitting at home feeling melancholy and although the world is wide, as Allah, the Exalted had described it, it seemed to have become narrow and small for me. Suddenly, I heard someone shout at the top of his voice from the top of Mount Sala'ah: 'O Ka'ab son of Malik good news!' Immediately I fell down prostrate and realized that relief had come. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had informed the Companions at the time of the Dawn prayer, that Allah, the Exalted had graciously accepted our repentance, and upon hearing this several people had set off to convey the good news to us. Some went to my two Companions and another hastened on his horse in the direction of my home. One from the tribe of Aslam raced up the mountain and his voice reached me before the arrival of the horseman. When the one whose voice I had heard arrived to congratulate me, I took off my garments and gave them to him - I had no other set of garments to wear so I borrowed some to put on and set off to greet the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. On my way to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I encountered groups and crowds of people who congratulated me, saying: 'Blessed is the acceptance by Allah of your repentance.' When I entered the Mosque I found the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, seated surrounded by people. Amongst them was Talha, the son of Ubaidullah who got up and rushed towards me, shook my hand and congratulated me. He was the only Emigrant who got up, and I have never forgotten his gesture. When I greeted the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, his face shone with joy and he said: 'Be happy with this, the best of all the days since your mother gave birth to you!' I asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, is this from you or from Allah?' He answered: 'It is indeed from Allah.' When he was happy, it was usual for the happiness in his face to glow as if it were a part of the moon - when this happened we knew that he was pleased. To complete my repentance, I offered to give the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, all my possessions as charity in the cause of Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him. He told me: 'Retain part of it - that is better for you.' So I said: 'I shall retain the portion which is in Khaybar.' Then I said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, Allah, the Exalted, has delivered me only because I adhered to the truth, and as part of my repentance I shall speak nothing but the truth for the rest of my life.' Ever since I declared this before the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, Allah, the Exalted, has not tried anyone so well in the matter of telling the truth as He has tried me. To this day, since my declaration, I have never had an inclination to tell a lie, and I hope that Allah will continue to safeguard me against it during the rest of my days. Allah, the Exalted, revealed: 'In the hour of adversity, Allah turned (in mercy) to the Prophet, the Emigrant (of Mecca) and the Supporters (of Medina), who followed him when some of their hearts were about to serve away. He turned to them. indeed, He is Gentle, the Most Merciful. And to the three who had been left behind (at the battle of Tabuk), until the earth became narrow with all its vastness, and their souls became narrow for them, they knew there was no shelter from Allah except in Him. Then He turned to them (in mercy) so that they might also turn (in repentance). Allah is the Turner, the Most Merciful. Believers, fear Allah and stand with the truthful.' 9:117-119 Koran Ka'ab continued: 'After Allah had guided me to Islam, my greatest blessing was when I told the truth to the Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, lying to him as others lied would only have caused my ruination. In His Revelation Allah condemns those who indulge in lying: 'When you return, they will apologize to you. Say: "Make no excuses; we will not believe you. Allah has already told us of your news. Surely, Allah and His Messenger will see your work; then you will be returned to the Knower of the unseen and the visible, and He will inform you of what you were doing.' When you return to them, they will swear to you by Allah that you might turn aside from them. Let them alone, they are unclean. Gehenna (Hell) shall be their refuge, a recompense for their earnings' Koran 9:94-95 Ka'ab said: The matter of the three of us had been left in the balance; separated from the matter of those who had made excuses on oath before the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and which he accepted by renewing their covenant and for whom he supplicated for forgiveness. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, kept our matter pending until Allah determined it with: 'And to the three who had been left behind, until the earth became narrow with all its vastness, and their souls became narrow for them, they knew there was no shelter from Allah except in Him. Then He turned to them (in mercy) so that they might also turn (in repentance). Allah is the Relenter, the Most Merciful. Koran 9:118 It does not mean that we lagged behind from jihad, but it means that Allah deferred our cases until after the cases of those who had pleaded on oath before the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and he had accepted their excuses." Another narration adds: "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, set out for Tabuk on a Thursday. His preference was to set out on a journey on a Thursday. It was his practice to return from a journey during daylight, before noon. Upon his arrival he would go immediately to the Mosque and offer two voluntary units of prayer (raka's), then he would sit down and receive people." R 22 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Ka'ab, the son of Malik - who was also Ka'ab's guide when he became blind - said: I heard

%

| 22- - - : : : " " ǡ . : : " !" . |

%

THE UNDETERED PENITENT H 23 There was a woman from the tribe of Juhainah who committed adultery and became pregnant. She came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and told him of her sin and requested him to punish her in accordance with the Koranic law. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sent for her guardian and said to him: "Treat her kindly, and after she has delivered the child, bring her back." This he did, and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, in accordance with the Koranic law, asked for the punishment to be carried out. Her clothes were tied securely around her and she was stoned to death. After, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, led the funeral prayer over her. Omar Farooq remarked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, she was guilty of adultery yet you are led her funeral prayer.' 'Yes,' he answered, 'she repented in such away that if her repentance was to be spread over seventy people of Medina it would have sufficed them all. There cannot be a better or higher degree of repentance than this; she chose to speak the truth at the cost of her life for the sake of winning the pleasure of Allah.' R 23 Muslim with a chain up to Imran, the son of Husain Khua'ai who related this.

%

| 23- : " " . |

%

POINTLESSNESS OF GREED H 24 "If the son of Adam had a valley full of gold, he would wish he had two. Yet nothing will fill his mouth except the dust (of his grave). Allah, the Merciful accepts repentance from everyone who turns to Him in repentance." R 24 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ibn Abbas and Anas, the son of Malik who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 24- : " " . |

%

MARTYRDOM H 25 "There are two types of people with whom Allah is greatly pleased, and they are the victim and the killer who enter Paradise. The first example is the one who was killed fighting the other in the cause of Allah and is in Paradise. The second is the one whom Allah turns to in His Mercy so that he embraces Islam and then is martyred like the first." R 25 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 200 ] : ( ) [ : 155] : ( ) [ :10 ] : ( ( [: 43 ] : ( ( [ : 153] : ( ) [ : 31 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF PATIENCE 3 Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted, says: "Believers, be patient, and race in patience, be steadfast, fear Allah, in order that you will be victorious." 3:200 Koran "We shall test you with something of fear and hunger, and decrease of goods, life and fruits. Give glad tidings to the patient." 2:155 Koran "Say: 'My worshipers who believe, fear your Lord. For those who do good in this world there is good - and the earth of Allah is wide - surely, those who are patient will be recompensed in full without count.'" 39:10 Koran "Surely, he who bears patiently and forgives, indeed, that is true constancy." 42:43 Koran "Believers, seek assistance in patience and prayer, Allah is with those who are patient." 2:153 Koran "Without doubt We shall surely test you until We know those who struggle and are patient among you and make clear your news." 47:31 Koran There are many other verses in the Holy Koran that praise the virtue of patience and encourage believers to nurture it.

%

| 25- : : " . " . |

%

GOOD DEEDS H 26 "Cleanliness is equal to half the faith. Saying, 'All praise is due to Allah' fills the scales with good deeds. When 'Exalted is Allah' is said, it suffices to fill the void between the heavens and the earth. Prayer is light, charity is proof of faith. Patience is also light and the Koran either intercedes for you or is against you. Each morning, everyone starts bartering - one's soul is at stake - it is either ransomed or ruined." R 26 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Malik Asha'ri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 26- : : " . " . |

%

THE GENEROSITY OF ALLAH H 27 "There were some people from the tribe of Ansar who asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, to give them something, so he gave to them. They asked again and he kept giving until he had nothing else to give. Then he said to them: 'Whenever I have something, I do not withhold it from you. Remember, whosoever desires chastity, Allah makes him chaste. Whosoever desires contentment, Allah makes him content. And, whosoever desires patience, Allah gives him patience. No one has been given better favors than patience (and submission.)'" R 27 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related this.

%

| 27- : : " : " . |

%

GRATITUDE AND PATIENCE H 28 "The circumstances of a believer are indeed wondrous. In everything goodness is written for him and this circumstance is his exclusively. When he experiences something pleasant, he is grateful to Allah, and that is good for him. If he experiences adversity he becomes patient, and that is good for him. " R 28 Muslim with a chain up to Suhaib son of Sinan who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 28- : : . : " " : ! ! ! : ! . |

%

PATIENCE IN ILLNESS AND DEATH H H 29 "When the illness of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, became so serious that his suffering caused him to fall unconscious, Lady Fatima exclaimed: 'Oh, the suffering of my dear father.' He said to her: 'After today, there is no more suffering for your father.' And when he passed away she said: 'O my father, he has answered the call of his Lord. O my father, the Gardens of Paradise have become your home. O, my father, to Gabriel we condole.' When he was buried she said: 'How can you reconcile with yourselves pouring dust over the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him?'" R 29 Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who related this.

%

| 29- : : " " . : : " " : " " . " " : . |

%

PATIENCE AND MERCY TO ONE ANOTHER H 30 "One of the daughters of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sent a message asking him to come to her because her son was on the verge of death. He sent the greetings to her with a message saying: 'Everything that Allah has given belongs to Him, and whatsoever He takes back belongs to Him. There is nothing that does not have a term fixed by Him. Therefore, be patient and hope for His Favor and Mercy.' She repeated her request imploring him in the Name of Allah to come, so he set out accompanied by Sa'ad son of Ubaydah, Mu'az son of Jabal, Ubayy son of Ka'ab, Zaid son of Thabit and others to see her. Upon his arrival the child was presented to him, and he took the child and placed him on his lap. When he saw the distressed state of the child his eyes shed tears. Sa'ad asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what is this?' He replied: 'This is compassion which Allah has placed in the hearts of His worshipers, and Allah has compassion on those of His worshipers who are compassionate.' In another narration it reads: ".. in the hearts of those of His worshipers whom He wills." R 30 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Osama son of Zaid, loved by the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and the son of one loved by him, who related this.

%

| 30- : : " : : : : . : : . : . : : : : : : : ! : . : : : : . : : : : . : . : : . : . : : : : : : . . : : ǡ : !" . " " : - - "" : "" : "" "" : "" : "" : . |

%

PATIENCE AND THE COURAGE OF CONVICTION H 31 "Among the people of long ago, there was a king who had a magician. He (the magician) was getting old and said to the king: 'I am old, bring me a young man to whom I can teach my magic.' So, the king sent him a young man to teach. On the young man's way to the magician he met a monk. The young man sat and listened to him and was so happy with what he heard that he would stay a while with him which made him late for his lesson, so the magician beat him. The young man complained to the monk who told him: 'When you are afraid of the magician, tell him: 'My people detained me, and when you are afraid of your people tell them the monk detained you.' This state of affairs continued until one day the young man came across a huge beast blocking the road. It blocked the road in a manner that no one could pass. The young man thought to himself: 'Now I can find out who is the superior, the magician or the monk.' So he picked up a stone and said: 'Lord, if the way of the monk is more pleasing to You than the way of the magician, cause the beast to die so that the people can pass.' Then he threw the stone at the beast and killed it and the people passed by. The young man told the monk what had happened and he said: 'Son, you have surpassed me, and I think that you have reached the stage where you might be harmed. Should this happen, do not disclose my whereabouts.' The young man began to cure people (by the permission of Allah) of blindness and leprosy and all manner of diseases. News of the miracles reached a blind courtier of the king, so he went to the young man with many gifts saying: 'All this will be yours if you can heal me.' The young man replied: 'I cannot help anyone. It is Allah who heals. If you bear witness to your belief in Allah, I will pray for you and He will heal you.' So the blind man believed in Allah and Allah cured him of his blindness. After his sight had been restored, he (the courtier) went to the king and sat with him as was his practice. The king asked: 'Who has restored your sight?' The man answered: 'My Lord.' The king asked: 'Have you a Lord other than me?' To this he replied: 'Allah is your Lord and my Lord.' Upon hearing this, the king ordered the man to be seized and tortured until he disclosed the name of the young man. The young man was brought before the king and the king said to him: 'Son, have you become so skilled in magic that you can heal the blind, lepers and other diseases?' The young man replied: 'I do not heal anyone, it is Allah who heals.' Then he too was seized and tortured until he revealed the whereabouts of the monk who was likewise summoned and ordered to recant his faith but he refused. The king sent for a saw which was placed upon the monk's head, and he was sawn in half. Then, the king's courtier was sent for and he also was ordered to recant his faith. He too refused, so he was also sawn in half. After this, the young man was brought forward and told to recant, but like the others he refused, so the king handed him over to his men and told them: 'Take him to such and such a mountain, if he still refuses to recant his faith, throw him from the top!' The king's men took him to the mountain and climbed to the top of it. There, the young man supplicated saying: 'Lord, deliver me from them in whatever way You will.' Whereupon the mountain shook and the men fell off. The young man returned to the king who asked: 'What has happened to your companions?' He (the young man) answered: 'Allah has saved me from them.' So, he was handed over to another group of men who were told to take him out in a big ship into the middle of the sea, and if he still persisted in his refusal to abandon his faith to throw him into the sea. The king's men took him and he supplicated once again saying: 'Allah, save me from these people in whatever manner You will.' Then the boat sank and they were drowned, except the young man who returned to the king. The king asked: 'What has happened to your companions?' He replied: 'Allah has saved me from them' and added, 'you will be unable to kill me unless you do as I tell you.' The king asked: 'How is that?' The young man answered: 'Gather the people together in an open area and hang me from the trunk of a palm-tree. Then, take an arrow from my quiver, place it in the middle of a bow and say: 'In the Name of Allah, the Lord of this young man,' and shoot it at me, if you do this, you will kill me.' The king did just that. The people were assembled in an open area and the young man was hanged from the trunk of a palm-tree. The king took an arrow from his quiver, placed it in the middle of the bow and said: 'In the Name of Allah, the Lord of this young man,' and fired it. The arrow struck the young man in the middle of his forehead, who raised his hand to his forehead and died. Upon seeing this the people declared: 'We believe in the Lord of this young man,' and the king was told: 'Look, that which you feared has happened, the people have believed!' The king ordered trenches to be dug either side of the road. After they had been dug a fire was lit in them and it was proclaimed that anyone who refused to abandon their faith would be thrown into the trenches, or, would be ordered to jump in. And so it continued, until it was the turn of a lady accompanied by her son. She hesitated to be thrown into the fire, but her son encouraged her saying: 'Mother, be patient, you are on the Right Path.'" R 31 Muslim with a chain up to Suhaib who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 31- : : " " : : : : " " . : " " . |

%

THE WOMAN AT THE GRAVESIDE H H 32 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, passed by a woman who was crying at a grave-side. He said to her: 'Fear Allah and be steadfast.' She, not realizing who he was replied: 'Leave me alone; you have not suffered as I have.' Later someone told her that the one who spoke was the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. The woman went to the house of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, there she found a doorman and went inside and said to him: 'I did not recognize you.' He said: 'Patience is at the time of the first shock of grief.' She had been crying at the grave-side of her son." R 32 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 32- : : " : " . |

%

THE REWARD OF BEING PATIENT UPON A BEREAVEMENT H 33 "Allah, the Exalted says: 'I have no better reward than Paradise for My believing worshiper who is patient when I take away his loved one who is among the most cherished by him in the world.'" R 33 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 33- : . . |

%

PATIENCE DURING ILLNESS H H 34 "Lady Ayesha asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, what the plague was. He replied: 'It is a punishment that Allah sends upon whom He wills; but for Muslims He has made it as a mercy. If a worshiper of Allah is afflicted by the plague and remains patiently in his town hoping to be recompensed by Allah, with the realization that only that which is determined by Allah will happen to him, he will indeed receive a recompense equal to that of a martyr." R 34 Bukhari with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha who related this.

%

| 34- : : " : " . |

%

PATIENCE IN BLINDNESS H 35 "Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified says: 'When I afflict the two beloved faculties (eyes) of a worshiper of Mine, and he remains patient with this affliction, in their place I will give him Paradise.'" R 35 Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said the above.

%

| 35- : : : : : . : " " : : . . |

%

PATIENCE WHEN AFFLICTED BY A DISEASE H 36 "'Shall I show you a woman who will be among the dwellers of Paradise?' Asked ibn Abbas. 'Certainly said Ata son of Abi Rabah.' Ibn Abbas then pointed to a dark skinned lady and said: 'That lady came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said: 'Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I suffer from epilepsy, when I have a fit my body is exposed. Please pray to Allah for me.' He replied: 'If you choose to be patient with this affliction, you will win Paradise, but if you wish, I will pray to Allah to recover you.' The woman replied: 'I shall be patient, but please pray that my body will not be exposed.' And accordingly he prayed for her." R 36 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ata son of Abi Rabah who related that son of Abbas told him this.

%

| 36- : : " " . |

%

FORGIVENESS H 37 "A prophet had been beaten and injured so severely by his people that he had to wipe away the blood from his face. As he did this he supplicated saying: 'Allah, forgive my people, because they do not know (understand).'" R 37 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Mas'ud who related that he remembered it, exactly as if he was looking at the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him.

%

| 37- : " " . "" : . |

%

THE REMOVAL OF SINS H 38 "Whatever trouble, illness, anxiety, grief, hurt or sorrow that afflicts a Muslim, even the prick of a thorn, Allah removes in its place some of his sins." R 38 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id and Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 38- : : : " " : : " " . "" : : . |

%

SUFFERING AND THE REMOVAL OF SINS H 39 "I (Abdullah son of Mas'ud) said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, you have a very high fever.' He replied: 'Indeed, my fever is as high as that of two of you.' I said: 'That is because you will receive twice the reward.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'That is so. A Muslim does not suffer from anything, even from a (little) thorn prick or greater, unless Allah removes (from him) in its stead some of his sins, and his sins fall as leaves fall from a tree.'" R 39 Abdullah son of Mas'ud related that he visited the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when he had fever and that he said this.

%

| 39- : : " " . " " . |

%

THOSE WHOM ALLAH RAISES IN RANK H 40 "When Allah wants good for a person He tries him." R 40 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 40- : : " : " . |

%

WISHING FOR DEATH H 41 "None of you should wish for death because of a misfortune that comes to him. When anyone is badly afflicted, he should say: 'Allah let me live as long as my life is better for me, and cause me to die when death is better for me.'" R 41 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 41- : : : " " . : " " . |

%

THE RESILIENCE OF BELIEVERS H 42 "We (some of the Companions) went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and found him reclining in the shade of the Ka'ba on a pillow he had made from his sheet. We complained to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, about the increased persecution the unbelievers of Mecca were inflicting upon us. We asked him: 'Could you supplicate for victory for us, will you pray for us?' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told them: 'In a time before you there was a man who had been captured and kept in a pit that had been dug for him. Later a saw was placed upon his head and he was sawn in half, his flesh torn away from his bones with iron combs, there was nothing that could tear him away from his faith!' Allah will surely bring this matter to an end when a rider will be able to leave from San'a for Hadramet fearing nothing except Allah and the danger of a wolf concerning his sheep. You appear to be in too much of a hurry.'" R 42 Bukhari with a chain up to Khubaib son of Arat said this.

%

| 43- : : " " . : " " : " " . |

%

PUNISHMENT IN THIS WORLD AND THE HEREAFTER H 43 "When Allah wants good for His worshiper He hastens his punishment in this world, and if He wants evil for him He withholds (his punishment) until He fulfills it on the Day of Resurrection." "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, also said: 'The greatness of the recompense is relevant to the greatness of the trial, and when Allah, the Exalted, loves a person, He tries him. For whosoever accepts his punishment with forbearance is His (Allah's) Pleasure, as for he who is displeased with it, there is His (Allah's) Anger." R 43 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 44- : : : : : " " : : " " : : " " : . . : : : : . : : . : : : : : ! : " " : . : . : : : . : .. . |

%

PATIENCE IS REWARDED BY ALLAH H H 44 "Abu Talha had a son who was ill. Abu Talha went out and during his absence his son died. When he returned he inquired: 'How is my son?' Umm Sulaim, the mother of the boy, answered: 'He is more settled than he was,' and gave him his evening meal and he ate; afterwards he slept with her. Then she told him: '(We must) bury the boy.' The next morning Abu Talha went to the Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, and told him what had happened. He asked: 'Were you and your wife together last night?' Abu Talha replied that they had been. So he supplicated saying: 'O Allah, bless them both.' Later on she gave birth to a son. Abu Talha said to me (Umm Sulaim): 'I will carry him until I reach the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him,' and he took some dates with him. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked: 'Have you brought anything with you?' Abu Talha replied: 'Yes, some dates.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, took a date, chewed it and put it in the mouth of the baby and blessed it, and named the baby Abdullah (meaning worshiper of Allah). A man of the Ansar said that he saw nine of Abdullah's sons and that every one of them recited the Koran." In another narration: "When the son of Abu Talha and Umm Sulaim died, Umm Sulaim told the other family members: 'Do not tell Abu Talha about the boy, I will tell him myself.' When he returned she gave him his evening meal and he ate. Then she prepared herself nicely as she used to do and they slept together. Afterwards she said to him: 'Abu Talha, tell me, if someone lends something to another and afterwards asks for it back, would the borrower be right to withhold what was borrowed?" He answered: 'No.' Then she said: 'Then hope for your reward from Allah for that which has overtaken your son.' Abu Talha was upset and said: 'You kept me ignorant about my son's condition until after we had been together.' So he left her and went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and told him what had happened. He said: 'May Allah bless your night' and she conceived. Months later, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was on a journey and they (Abu Talha and Umm Sulaim) were with him. It was his (the Prophet's) custom to delay entering Medina by night when returning from a journey. Just as they were approaching Medina Umm Sulaim's contractions started. So Abu Talha stayed behind with her and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, continued. Abu Talha supplicated saying: 'You know Lord, that I am eager to go with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when he goes out, and to be with him on his return, now I am detained here as You see.' Then Umm Sulaim told him: 'Abu Talha, I no longer feel the pain. Let us continue.' So they continued and she gave birth to a boy upon their arrival in Medina. My mother (Umm Sulaim) said to me: 'Anas, no one should suckle the baby until after we have taken him to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, tomorrow.' Next morning I carried the baby to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him." R 44 Bukhari with a chain up with a chain up to Ibn Uyainah and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

%

| 45- : " " . " " : . |

%

SELF CONTROL H 45 "The person who is strong is not the one who knocks others out fighting; the one who is strong is the person who controls himself when he is angry." R 45 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 46- : : " : " . : : " " . |

%

CURE FOR ANGER H 46 "Sulaiman was sitting with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when two men began to quarrel. One of them became red in the face and the veins of his neck stood out. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'If he repeats a phrase I know, he would be rid of the condition in which he finds himself. The phrase is: 'I seek refuge with Allah from satan, the one who is stoned.' So they told him: 'The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, says: 'Seek refuge with Allah from satan, the stoned.'" R 46 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sulaiman son of Surad who related this.

%

| 47- : : " " : " " . |

%

THE REWARD FOR CONTROLLING OF ONE'S ANGER H 47 "The one who, in spite of having the capacity to avenge (a wrong) controls his anger, will be singled out and called by Allah, the Holy, the Exalted, above the multitude on the Day of Judgement and is given his choice of black-eyed houris, (the virgins of Paradise)." R 47 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Mu'az son of Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 48- : : . : " " : " " . |

%

AVOIDANCE OF ANGER H H 48 "Someone asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, for advice. So he advised: 'Do not give way to anger.' The man repeated his request several times, and each time the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said the same: 'Do not give way to anger.'" R 48 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

%

| 49- : : " " : " " . |

%

THE TRIALS OF LIFE H 49 "A believing male or female is continually tried by one's self, children and property until he or she meets Allah, the Exalted, in a state in which all his or her sins have been wiped out." R 49 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 50- : : . : . . : : ( ) [ : 199] . . |

%

HOW TO DEAL WITH THE IGNORANT H H 50 "Hisn's son went to Medina and stayed with his nephew Hurr, the son of Kais. Kais was a close friend of Omar and also one of his councilors (who were of Koran Especialist) . Hisn's son said to Hurr: 'My nephew, you are close to the Commander of the Faithful, will you ask permission for me to see him?' So Hurr asked, and Omar agreed. When Hisn's son met Omar, he said to him: 'Son of Khattab, you neither give us much nor do you deal fairly with us.' Omar was outraged and would have punished him when Hurr said: 'Commander of the Faithful, Allah said to His Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, 'Accept the easing, order with fine jurisprudence, and avoid the ignorant.' (7:199 Koran). This is one of the ignorant. As soon as Hurr had recited this (verse) Omar became calm and remained in his seat. He always adhered strictly to the Book of Allah." R 50 Bukhari with a chain up to Ibn Abbas who related this.

%

| 51- : : " !" : : " " . " " : . |

%

HOW TO DEAL WITH INJUSTICE H 51 "After me there will be discrimination and you will observe things of which you will disapprove." A Companion asked: 'Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what is your directive in such circumstances?' He said: 'Do what is right - upon you - and supplicate to Allah for (the right of) yours.'" R 51 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ibn Mas'ud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 52- : : : " " . " " : . " " : . |

%

REWARD FOR PATIENCE H H 52 "A person from the tribe of Ansar said to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, 'Won't you appoint me to public office as you did for so and so?' He (the Prophet) replied: 'After me you will be discriminated against, but be patient and you will meet me by the Pool (the Pool of Al Kawthar in Paradise.)'" R 52 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Usyad son of Huzair who related this.

%

| 53- : : " " . : " " . |

%

SUPPLICATION FOR VICTORY H H 53 "The Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was on a campaign; while waiting for the sun to set he stood up and addressed his Companions saying: 'Do not wish to fight, instead keep supplicating to Allah for security. But when you are confronted by the enemy, stand firm and remember that Paradise is under the shadow of the sword.' Then he supplicated saying: 'Allah, Revealer of the Book, Driver of the clouds, Vanquisher of hosts, vanquish them and help us to overcome.'" R 53 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Abi Aufa who related this.

%

| 42- : . : : . : " " : " " . : . . : "" : . |

%

PATIENCE WHEN ONE IS PROVOKED H 54 "On the day of Hunain, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, favored some people (new converts) when the spoils of war were divided. He gave Aqra' son of Habis and the son of Hisan each a hundred camels and also favored some high ranking Arabs. Someone commented: 'This is not a just distribution motivated to win the pleasure of Allah.' So I (Abdullah son of Mas'ud) decided to inform the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, of this and went to tell him. His face became deep red and he asked: 'Who then is just if Allah and His Messenger are not?' Then he added: 'May Allah have mercy on Moses, he was caused more distress than this and was patient.' Upon hearing this I said to myself that I would never again communicate anything of this kind to him." R 54 Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Mas'ud who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 119 ] : ( ) [ : 35 ] : ( ) [ :21 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 4 VIRTUE OF TRUTHFULNESS Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran "Believers, fear of Allah and stand with the truthful." 9:119 Koran "For men and women who have surrendered - believing men and women; obedient men and women; truthful men and women, patient men and women, humble men and women, men and women who give charity, men and women who fast, men and women who guard their privates, men and women who remember Allah in abundance, for them Allah has prepared forgiveness and a mighty wage." 33:35 Koran "Yet obedience and honorable words would be better for them..." 47:21 Koran

%

| 54- : : " . " . |

%

TELLING THE TRUTH AND LYING H 55 "Truth guides to virtue and virtue guides to Paradise. A person who continuously tells the truth is called truthful in the Sight of Allah. Lying leads to vice and vice leads to the Fire; when someone lies continuously in the Sight of Allah that person is called a liar." R 55 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Mas'ud who related the Messenger of Allah said this.

%

| 55- : : : " " : " " . : "" : . |

%

REALITY OF TRUTH H 56 "Avoid that which is doubtful and adhere to that which is free from doubt. Truth comforts whereas falsehood disturbs." R 56 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Hasan son of Ali who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 56- : : - : - : : : " " . |

%

THE WAY OF LIFE H H 57 (Heraclius Emperor of Rome asked) "'What does he (the Prophet) teach you?' Abu Sufyan replied: 'He teaches us to worship Allah alone and not to associate anything with Him. To abandon what our ancestors worshipped and he commands us to establish the prayer, to tell the truth, to be chaste and to strengthen the ties of kinship.'" R 57 Bukhari and Muslim - in the extraction of the Prophet's message to Heraclius, conveyed by Abu Sufyan, Heraclius asked Abu Sufyan this.

%

| 57- : : : : : " " . |

%

SUPPLICATION FOR MARTYRDOM H 58 "The one who sincerely supplicates to Allah for martyrdom is raised by Him to the rank of a martyr even if that person dies in his bed." R 58 Muslim with a chain up to Sahl son of Hunaif who related: The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 58- : : : " : . : - - : : : . " . " " : . |

%

SPOILS OF WAR H 59 "When one of the prophets, peace be upon them, was preparing for battle, he told his people before setting off that none of the following were to accompany him: Anyone who had made a contract to marry and intended bringing her home but had not yet do so. Any person who had built the walls of a house but had not yet put a roof on it. Anyone who had purchased pregnant ewes or she-camels and was waiting for them to give birth. Then he set off. He reached the town a little before the afternoon prayer and said to the sun: 'You are commissioned and I am also commissioned.' Then he supplicated: 'Lord, delay it's setting for us.' And the sun was prevented from setting until Allah had given him the victory. After the battle when the spoils had been gathered for burning as an offering, the fire refused to consume them. So he announced: 'Someone amongst you has stolen a part of the spoils, therefore let one man from each tribe give me his allegiance.' When a certain man's hand stuck to the prophet, the prophet said: 'Someone from your tribe is guilty of theft; let each man in your tribe give me their allegiance.' As they were giving their allegiance, the hands of two or three men stuck to the prophet's hand and he informed them that one of the three was guilty of theft. Thereupon a heap of gold, as large as the head of a cow was brought forward and placed with the other spoils of war and the fire consumed everything. Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him, added: 'Before us, the spoils of war were unlawful, but Allah has made them lawful to us because of our weakness and lack of means." R 59 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 59- : : : " " . |

%

AGREEMENT OF SALE AND ITS BLESSINGS H 60 "A sales agreement is revocable up until the buyer and seller part company. If they tell the truth and disclose everything relevant to the transaction, it becomes full of blessings for both of them; but if they speak falsely and conceal that which should be disclosed, the blessing of the transaction is wiped out." R 60 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Hakim son of Hizam who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 219 - 220 ] : ( ) [ :4 ] : ( ) [ : 6 ] : ( ) [ : 14 ] : ( ) [ : 19 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 5 CONTEMPLATION OR MEDITATION Let us start by reading a few verses from the Koran. Allah, the Exalted, says: "Who sees you when you stand, and when you turn among those who prostrate themselves." 26:218-219 Koran "...He is with you wherever you are.." 57:4 Koran "Nothing on earth or in heaven is hidden from Allah." 3:5 Koran "Indeed, your Lord is ever Watchful." 89:14 Koran "He (Allah) knows the furtive looks of the eyes and what the chests conceal." 40:19 Koran Regarding

%

| 60- : : : : " : " . : . ! : . : " " . : . : . : " " . : . : " " . : . : " " . : " " : . : " " . . " " : . "" : . : "" . |

%

BASICS OF ISLAM H H 61 "We (the Companions) were sitting with the Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, one day, when a unknown inquirer appeared to us. His clothes were brilliantly white, his hair jet black but there was no sign of traveling upon him. He sat down in front of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and their knees touched. Placing his hands on his thighs he said: 'Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him, tell me about Islam.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'Islam is that you bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and that Muhammad is His Messenger, and that you establish the prayer, pay the obligatory charity, fast the month of Ramadan and make the Pilgrimage to the House (the Ka'bah in Mecca) if you can afford it.' Then to our surprise the man confirmed the correctness of the answer saying: 'That is correct'. Then the inquirer said: 'Tell me about faith.' To this the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'It is that you believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and that you believe in predestination (that which Allah has decreed).' Again the inquirer said: 'That is correct, now tell me about Perfection.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'It is that you worship Allah as if you are seeing Him, and if you do not see Him, know that He is watching you.' The inquirer asked again: 'Tell me about the Hour of Judgement.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'He who is being asked knows no more about it than the one who asks.' So the inquirer asked: 'Tell me about some of the signs of its approach.' To this the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'The female slave will give birth to her master, and the bare-footed, naked, penniless goat-herders will live arrogantly in high mansions.' Then the man departed, and I remained for a while. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked me: 'Umar, do you know who the inquirer was?' I replied: 'Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, know best.' So he told me: 'It was Gabriel who came to teach you your Religion.'" R 61 Muslim with a chain up to Omar son of Khattab who related this.

%

| 61- : : " " : " " . |

%

MAKE AMENDS FOR YOUR BAD DEEDS H 62 "Fear Allah no matter where you are. Do a good deed after an evil one and your good deed will wipe out the evil one; behave well with people." R 62 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Dharr and Mu'az son of Jabal related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 62- : : : " : : " : " " . : " : : " . |

%

NO ONE CAN GO AGAINST THE WILL OF ALLAH H 63 'Son (ibn Abbas), I will teach you some advise. Protect the obligations of Allah, He will protect you. When you fulfill your obligations you will find Him with you. When you need anything, ask Allah alone for it; and when you want help, ask Allah alone for help. Indeed, if all mankind were to join together for your benefit they would be unable to do so unless Allah had written it for you. And indeed, if all mankind were to join together against you in order to harm you they would be unable to do so unless Allah had written it for you. The pens have been set aside and the writing in the Book are dry. Guard the commandments of Allah, you will find Him before you. Remember Him in prosperity, He will remember you in adversity. Know that which has led you into error will not lead you to guidance, and that which has guided you to good will not lead you astray. Remember that help comes with patience and that there is prosperity after adversity and hardship is followed by ease". R 63 Tirmidhi with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related: I was riding behind the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, one day when he said

%

| 63- : : . . : "" : . |

%

H 64 H "You indulge in deeds which you consider to be less than the weight of a hair. In the time of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, we considered them to be disastrous." R 64 Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who said:

%

| 64- : : " " . "" : . |

%

FORBIDDEN INDULGENCE H 65 "Allah is Jealous, and His jealousy is roused by a person indulging in that which He has forbidden." R 65 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 65- : : : " : : : . : : - : - : . : : . : : : . : : . : : . : : . : ! : : . : . : : . : . " . " " : . : "" : "" : . : " " : . : " " : . : " " : . : " " : : : . |

%

OUR WEALTH IS ON LOAN TO US H 66 "Allah desired to test three people from the Children of Israel. One was a leper, another bald-headed and the other blind. So Allah sent to them an angel. First, the angel went to the leper and asked him: 'What would you like best?' He replied: 'A good complexion with clear skin and the removal of my affliction because people dislike me on account of this.' The angel passed his hands over him and his affliction left him and his skin was good. Then the angel asked: 'What would you like most to possess?' The man replied: 'Camels' and was given a camel ten months pregnant and the angel said: 'May Allah bless it for you.' Then the angel went to the bald-head man and asked: 'What would you like best?' He replied: 'A fine head of hair, and the removal of my affliction because people dislike me on account of this.' The angel passed his hands over him and his affliction was removed and he had a fine head of hair. Then the angel asked: 'What would you like most to possess?' The man replied: 'Cows'. So he was given a pregnant cow and the angel said: 'May Allah bless it for you.' Next the angel went to the blind man and asked: 'What would you like best?' He replied: 'That Allah restores my sight so that I may see people.' The angel passed his hands over his eyes and Allah restored his sight. Then the angel asked: 'What would you like most to possess?' The man replied: 'Goats' and so he was given a pregnant nanny goat and the angel said: 'May Allah bless it for you.' The animals multiplied greatly, so that one had a valley full of camels. Another a valley full of cattle and the other a valley full of goats. Later, the angel returned disguised as a leper to the man who had once been a leper and said: 'I am a poor man in need and have nothing to help me to continue my journey (pilgrimage) except Allah. I ask you in the Name of Allah who has given you a good complexion, clear skin and great wealth to give me a camel that might help me to reach my destination.' The man replied: 'I have many obligations.' The angel said: 'It seems that I recognize you. Aren't you the leper once disliked by people whom Allah enriched?' The man replied: 'I inherited my wealth from my forefathers.' To this the angel said: 'If you are lying, may Allah restore you to the condition in which you were.' Then the angel returned disguised as a bald-headed man to the man who had been bald-headed and asked for help and he gave the same reply as the first. The angel turned to him and said: 'If you are lying, may Allah restore you to the condition in which you were'. Next the angel returned to the man who had been blind disguised as a blind man and said to him: 'I am a poor man and have nothing to help me to reach my destination (pilgrimage) except the help of Allah. I ask you in the Name of He who restored to you your sight to give me a goat so that I may reach my destination.' The man replied: 'Indeed, I was blind and Allah restored my sight to me. Take what you will and leave what you will, I will not restrict you - take whatever you wish in the Name of Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified.' Upon this the angel said: 'Keep all you have. All three of you were being tried. Indeed, Allah is pleased with you but He is angry with your companions.'" R 66 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 66- : : " " : " " . : " " : . |

%

WORKING FOR THE EVERLASTING LIFE H 67 "A wise person is one who guards and restrains himself from that which is harmful and strives for that which will benefit him after death. The foolish one is he who gives into his cravings and seeks from Allah the fulfillment of his futile desires." R PARA 67 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Shaddad son of Aus who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 67- : : : " " . |

%

ABANDONMENT OF WORTHLESS THINGS H 68 "It is part of the excellence of a person's Islam that he discards that which is of no benefit to him either (in this world or in the Everlasting Life)." R 68 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 68- : : " " . |

%

WHEN A HUSBAND HAS AN ARGUMENT WITH HIS WIFE H 69 "A man is not to be asked (by others) 'why did he hurt (fight) his wife?'" R 69 Abu Daud with a chain up to Omar who related that the Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 102] : ( ) [ :16] . . : ( ) [ :70 ] : ( ) [ : 3 ] : ( ) [ :29 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 6 VIRTUE OF PIETY Let us start by reading some verses of the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Believers, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims." 3:102 Koran "Therefore fear Allah as much as you can, and listen, obey, and spend well for yourselves. And whosoever is saved from the greed of his own soul, those are the winners." 64:16 Koran "O you who believe, fear Allah and say sound statements." 33:70 Koran " and provide for him where he does not expect, Allah is Sufficient for whosoever puts his trust in Him..." 65:3 Koran "Believers, if you fear Allah, He will give you a criteria and cleanse you of your sins and forgive you. Allah is the Owner of great bounty." 8:29 Koran

%

| 69- : : : : : "" . : : " " : : " " . "" : . |

%

THE MOST HONORED H H 70 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was asked: 'Who is the most honored among men?' He replied: 'The one who fears Allah the most.' The Companions said: 'That is not what we meant.' So he said: 'Then, Joseph, the prophet of Allah son of a prophet of Allah (Jacob), son of another prophet of Allah (Isaac), Abraham the friend of Allah.' They said: 'This too is not what we meant.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, inquired: 'Are you asking me about Arab families. If that is so, those who were worthy of honor before Islam are worthy of honor in Islam provided they are well informed with it.'" R 70 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

%

| 70- : : " " . |

%

EVERYONE IS ACCOUNTABLE H 71 "The world is beautiful and green. Allah has made you His caliphs in it in order that He might watch you and see how you behave therein. Therefore beware of the temptations of the world and of women. The first trial of the Children of Israel was by means of women." R 71 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 71- : : : " " . ||

@ H 72 "O Allah, I ask of You guidance, piety, chastity and richness." R 72 Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Mas'ud who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, would supplicate this.

%

| 72- : : : " " . |

%

CHANGE FOR THE BETTER H 73 "If a person undertakes to do something and then discovers something that is closer to piety than the first, he should do the second." R 73 Muslim with a chain up to 'Adi son of Hatim who related I heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 73- : : : " " : " " . |

%

DUTY TO ALLAH H 74 "Remember your duty to Allah, pray the five (daily) prayers, keep the fast of Ramadan, pay the obligatory charity and obey those in authority among you and you will enter the Garden of your Lord." R 74 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Umamah Bahili who related that he heard the address of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, on the occasion of the Farewell Pilgrimage during which he said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 22 ] : ( ) [ :173- 174 ] : ( ) [ :58 ] : ( ) [ : 11 ] : ( ) [ : 159 ] . : ( ) [ : 3 ] : . : ( ) [ : 2 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 7 BELIEF AND TRUST IN ALLAH Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "When the believers saw the confederates they said: 'This is what Allah and His Messenger have promised us. Surely, Allah and His Messenger have spoken in truth.' And this did not increase them except in belief and submission. " 33:22 Koran "Those to whom the people said: 'The people have gathered against you, therefore fear them,' but it increased them in belief and they said: 'Allah is Sufficient for us. He is the Best Guardian.' So they returned with the Favor and Bounty of Allah so evil did not touch them. They followed the pleasure of Allah, and Allah is of Great Bounty," 3:173-174 Koran "Put your trust in the All Living who never dies. Exalt with His praise He is sufficiently aware of His worshiper's sins." 25:58 Koran "... In Allah, let all believers put their trust." 14:11 Koran "... and when you are resolved, put your trust in Allah. Allah loves those who trust." 3:159 Koran "... Allah is Sufficient for whosoever puts his trust in Him." 65:3 Koran "Indeed the believers are those whose hearts quake at the mention of Allah, and when His verses are recited to them it increased them in faith. They are those who put their trust in their Lord." 8:2 Koran

%

| 74- : : : : " : : : " : : - - : " " : " " : : " " : : " " . " " : "" . "" . |

%

THE PEOPLE OF PARADISE H 75 "I was shown many people (in a vision). I saw a prophet who had but a small group with him, some prophets had only one or two people with them, others with none at all. Then suddenly I saw a huge assembly and I thought that they were my people, but I was informed: 'This is Moses and his nation, but look at the horizon.' I looked and saw a great multitude. Then I was told: 'Now look to the other horizon.' There too was a great multitude. Whereupon I was told: 'These are your nation and of them there are seventy thousand who will enter Paradise without being taken to account or suffering.' Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, stood up and went to his rooms and the Companions began to speculate about those who would enter Paradise without being taken to account or suffering. Some said: 'Perhaps they were his Companions.' Others said: 'They may be the ones who were born Muslims and never associated anyone with Allah and so forth.' Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, came out and asked them what they were discussing so they told him. He answered: 'They are those who made neither charms nor amulets, nor did they want them. They did not believe in omens rather they trusted in their Lord.' Then, Ukasha son of Muhsin stood up and requested: 'Supplicate to Allah that He makes me one of them.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'You are one of them.' Then another stood up and asked the same. To this the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, answered: 'Ukasha has beaten you to it.' R 75 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ibn Abbas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said

%

| 75- : : : " . " . |

%

SUBMISSION AND TRUST H 76 "O Allah, to You I have submitted, in You I believe and in You I put my trust. To You I turn and from You I seek judgement. Allah, I seek refuge with You through Your Honor. There is none worthy of worship except You and that You protect me from going astray. You are the Ever-Lasting who does not die, whereas men and jinn, all die." R 76 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ibn Abbas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, supplicated saying this.

%

| 76- : : : : . . : : . |

%

ABSOLUTE TRUST H 77 "Prophet Abraham said: 'Allah is sufficient for me, an Excellent Guardian is He.' The same was said by Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him, when he was told: 'People have grouped against you, so fear them!' This increased the faith of the Muslims. Then he and the Muslims said: 'Allah is sufficient for us, an Excellent Guardian is He.'" R 77 Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that when Prophet Abraham was cast into the fire he said this.

%

| 77- : : " " . : : . H 78 "Many people will enter Paradise whose hearts will be like the hearts of birds." R 78 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 78- : : : " : : - -" . . : : : "" : : "" . " " : : "" . : : " " . : . : " " : : . : "" "" ߡ "" : " " . " " . |

%

PROMISE H H 79 "Jabir accompanied the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, upon a campaign near Najd and returned with him. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and his Companions reached a valley with thorny trees at noon-time and decided to rest. They dispersed, each in search of shade. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, hung his sword upon the branch of a tree and lay down in its shade. We also rested when, suddenly, we heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, calling us. We hastened to him and saw that a desert Arab was sitting near him. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said to us: 'This man drew my sword against me while I was asleep. I awoke and saw that he had the drawn sword in his hand. He said to me: 'Who will save you from me?' I told him: 'Allah, Allah, Allah.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, got up but did not reprimand him." "In another narration: We were with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, in the campaign of Dhat-ir-Riqu'a when we came upon a shady tree so we left it for him to rest under. An unbeliever came and seeing the sword of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, which was hanging from the tree, drew it, and said to him: 'Do you fear me?' He answered: 'No.' Then the man asked: 'Who then will save you from me?' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, answered: 'Allah.'" Abu Bakr Ishmaeli says in his book that when he said this, the sword fell from the man's hand and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, picked it up and asked him: 'Now, who will save you from me?' The man replied: 'Be a good captor.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked him: 'Will you bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that I am His Messenger?' The man answered: 'No. But I promise you that I will not fight against you, nor will I join those who do so.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, let him go free and he returned to his people and told them: 'I have returned to you from someone who is the best of all mankind.'" R 79 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related this.

%

| 79- : : : " " : " " . : : . . |

%

THE REWARD FOR TRUSTING ALLAH H 80 "If you trust Allah completely, He will provide for you as He provides for the birds. In the morning they leave hungry and return full at the evening." R 80 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Omar who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 80- : : : " : . " . : : " ... : " . |

%

SUPPLICATION BEFORE SLEEPING H 81 "When you lie down at night you should supplicate: 'Allah, I submit myself to You, and direct my thoughts to You, and commit my affairs to You, and make You my support out of love and fear of You. There is no escape from You, nor protection from You except in Yourself. I believe in the Book that You have sent down and in the Prophet, You have raised.' If you die during the night you will die in the state of purity, and if you remain you will encounter more good. When you are ready for bed wash as you would wash for prayers, then lie down on your right side and supplicate (as above) and let these be your last words." R 81 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Bra'a son of 'Ahili who related: The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this to me

%

| 81- : - - - : : . : " " . |

%

CERTAINTY H H 82 "When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and I (Abu Bakr) were in the cave being tracked by the people of Mecca I saw their feet above us outside the cave and I said: 'Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, if one of them should happen to look down under his feet he would see us.' He replied: 'Abu Bakr, what would you think of two with whom Allah is the Third?'" R 82 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Bakr Siddique who related this.

%

| 82- : : : " " . : " " . |

%

HOW TO LEAVE THE HOUSE H H 83 "The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, would supplicate upon leaving the house: 'I go out in the Name of Allah, putting my trust in Him. Allah, I seek Your protection against going astray or being led astray, or against slipping or being caused to slip, or against sinning or being sinned against, or against behaving ill towards any or that anyone should behave ill towards me.'" R 83 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Lady Umm Salamah, may Allah be pleased with her, wife of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, Mother of Believers who related this.

%

| 83- : : : " - : - : : " . : " " : " - : -- : " . |

%

SUPPLICATION UPON LEAVING THE HOUSE H 84 "Whosoever leaves his house and supplicates: 'I go out in the Name of Allah and put my trust in Him there is no power to resist evil and no power to do good except through Him,' is greeted with: '"He is guided, sufficed and saved', and satan withdraws from him. One satan says to another: 'How can you subdue one who is guided, sufficed and saved?'" R 84 Abu Daud, Tirmidhi and Nisai with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 84- : : " " . . " " : . |

%

THE SUPPORT OF A BROTHER H H 85 "There were two brothers one of whom attended the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and the other was busy in his profession. On one occasion the latter complained to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, against the former (that he paid no attention to earning his keep). The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, commented: 'It may be that you are being provided for because of him.'" R 85 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Anas who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 112 ] : ( ) [ : 30- 32 ] : ( ) [ : 13-14 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 8 PERSEVERANCE Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah the Exalted says: " go straight and as you have been commanded " 11:112 Koran "The angels will descend on those who said: 'Allah is our Lord,' and have then gone straight, (saying): 'Be neither fearful, nor sad; rejoice in the Paradise you have been promised. We are your guides in this world and in the Everlasting Life. There, you shall have all that your soul's desire, and all that you ask for " 41:30-31 Koran "Those who say: 'Our Lord is Allah,' and follow the Straight Path shall have nothing to fear nor shall they sorrow. Those, they shall be for ever the inhabitants of Paradise, a recompense for what they did." 46:13-14 Koran

%

| 85- : : : . : " : " . H 86 H "Sufyan asked the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, to tell him something about Islam after which he need not ask anyone else. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Bear witness that you believe in Allah and then do not waiver.'" R 86 Muslim with a chain up to Sufyan son of Abdullah who related this.

%

| 86- : : " " : : " " . "" : "" : . "" : . : : . |

%

THE MERCY OF ALLAH H 87 "Adhere strictly to the faith and be steadfast; remember that no one can achieve salvation through his conduct. Someone asked: 'Not even you, Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him?' He replied: 'Nor I, unless Allah covers me with His Mercy and Grace.'" R 87 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ :46 ] : ( ( [ : 190-191 ] : ( ) [ :17-21 ] : ( ( [ : 10] . . : " " . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 9 CONTEMPLATION OF THE CREATION, UNIVERSE AND ALL THINGS Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Say: 'I give you only one admonition, that you stand before Allah either two by two, or one by one and reflect." 34:46 Koran "Surely, in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are signs for those with minds. Those who remember Allah when standing, sitting, and on their sides, and contemplate upon the creation of the heavens and the earth (saying) 'Lord, You have not created these in falsehood. Exaltations to You! Guard us against the punishment of the Fire.'" 3:190-191 Koran "What, do they not reflect upon how the camel was created? And how the heaven was raised up, and how the mountains were firmly fixed, and how the earth was outstretched? Therefore remind, you are only a reminder." 88:17-21 Koran "Have they never journeyed through the land and seen what was the end of those who had gone before them?" 47:10 Koran

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 148 ] : ( ) [ : 133 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 10 SURPASSING ONE ANOTHER IN GOOD DEEDS Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "So race in goodness." 2.148 Koran "And hasten to a forgiveness from your Lord and a Paradise as wide as heaven and earth, prepared for the cautious." 3:133 Koran

%

| 87- : : : : " " . |

%

WHEN TRIALS DESCEND H 88 "Hasten to do good in fear of a time when trials descend like the darkness of night. When a person will start the day believing but at its end disbelieve, or go to bed believing and arise disbelieving in the morning. He will be ready to sell his belief for a worldly gain." R 88 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 88- : - - : : " " . : " " . " " : . |

%

CHARITY H H 89 "Utbah son of Harith joined the afternoon prayer in Medina led by the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. The moment the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, concluded the prayer he stood up quickly and went to one of his rooms stepping over the shoulders of the worshipers. His haste made people curious. When he returned he realized that people were wondering what had called him away so urgently. So he told them: 'I remembered that I had a piece of silver (or gold) left and this disturbed me, but now I have now arranged for its distribution.'" In another narration: "Left with me was a piece of silver (or gold) intended for charity. I was disturbed that it should remain with me overnight." R 89 Bukhari - Utbah son of Harith who related this.

%

| 89- : : : : " " . . |

%

H 90 H "A man asked the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, on the day of Uhud: 'Tell me, where I shall be if I am killed in the battle today?' He answered: 'In Paradise.' Thereupon the man threw down the few dates he held in his hand, plunged into battle and fought on till he was martyred." R 90 Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related this.

%

| 90- : : : : " " . " " : . "" : . |

%

WHEN TO GIVE CHARITY H H 91 "A man went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and asked: 'Which kind of charity receives the greater reward?' He answered: 'That which you give away while you are in good health, seeking wealth fearful of poverty and hoping for prosperity. Do not delay charitable spending till the throes of death are upon you, and say: To so and so this, and to so and so that, because at that time it already belongs to so and so!" R 91 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

%

| 91- : : : " " : . : " " : . . : . : " " : . " " : . " " : . |

%

RESPONSIBILITY H 92 "'Who will take this (sword) from me?' Everyone stretched out his hand saying: 'Me.' Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Who will take its full responsibility?' And the Companions hesitated. Then Abu Dujanah said: 'I will take it' and with it he cracked the skulls of the unbelievers." R 92 Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, picked up a sword on the day of the battle of Uhud and said this.

%

| 92- : : . : " " . . |

%

H 93 H "We went to Anas son of Malik and complained to him of the inconvenience caused to us by the Hajjaj (an Umayyad governor). He counseled us to be patient and said: 'Each period will be followed by one that is worse, till you meet your Lord.' I (Zubair) heard this from your Prophet, praise and peace be upon him." R 93 Bukhari - Zubair son of Adiyy who related this.

%

| 93- : : : " " : " " . |

%

SEVEN MISFORTUNES H 94 "Hasten to do good before you are overtaken by one of seven misfortunes: a perplexing adversity, corrupting prosperity, a disabling disease, senility, sudden death, or the appearance of the false messiah - he is an evil absentee that is awaited - the Hour, and the Hour will be very hard and the most bitter." R 94 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 94- : : : " " : : " " : : " " . " " : . |

%

ACCOUNTABLE TO ALLAH H 95 "I shall offer this banner to the one who loves Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, may Allah give victory through him. Omar who related: 'I had never desired a command but that day I hoped that I might be called. However, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, called Ali and handed the banner to him saying: 'Go out and do not pay attention to anything else until Allah bestows victory upon you.' Ali proceeded a little way then stopped and asked in a loud voice without turning: Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, for what shall I fight them?' He answered: "Fight on till they bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. If they do this their lives and property will remain secure under the mandate of Islamic law, and they will be accountable to Allah." R 95 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that on the day of the battle of Khybar the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 69 ] : ( ) [ : 99 ] : ( ) [ : 8 ] : : ( ) [ : 7 ] : ( ) [ : 20 ] : ( ) [ : 273 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 11 SELF DENIAL Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "... We will surely guide them to Our ways, and Allah is with those who do good." 29:69 Koran "Worship your Lord until the inevitable overtakes you." 15:99 Koran "Remember the Name of your Lord and dedicate yourself devoutly to Him. 73:8 Koran "Whosoever has done an atom's weight of good shall see it." 99:7 Koran "... Whatever good you shall forward to your soul's account, you surely will find it better with Allah, and a mightier wage..." 73:20 Koran ".... Whatever good you give is known to Allah." 2:273 Koran

%

| 95- : : : : " : " . " " : . " " . |

%

HOW TO WIN THE LOVE OF ALLAH H 96 "Allah says: 'Whoever is at enmity with one whom I befriend is at war with Me. When a worshiper of Mine seeks to approach Me through an obligation that I like best and continues to advance towards Me through voluntary prayers, I start to love him. When I love him I become his ears by which he hears, and his eyes with which he sees, and his hands with which he grasps, and his feet with which he walks. When he asks Me I give him and when he seeks My protection I protect him." R 96 with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 96- : : " " . |

%

THE LOVE OF ALLAH H 97 "Allah says: 'When My worshiper advances towards Me by the span of a hand, I rush towards him by an arm's length. When he advances towards me by an arm's length, I rush towards him by the length of both arms spread out. When he comes to Me walking, I rush to him running.'" R 97 Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 97- : : : " : " . |

%

THE PITFALLS OF WORLDLY GAIN H 98 "Most people become great losers on account of two bounties - health and affluence. (It is because of these they do not worship Allah as much as they should do)." R 98 Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 98- : : : : " " . . |

%

GRATITUDE OF THE PROPHET H praise and peace be upon him, H 99 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, stood so long during his voluntary prayer at night that the skin of his feet would crack; whereupon Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, said to him: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, why do you stand so long in prayer when Allah has forgiven you in the past and in the future?' He answered: 'Wouldn't I love to be a thankful worshiper!'" R 99 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha who related this.

%

| 99- : : . . : . "" : . : : : . |

%

LAST TEN NIGHTS OF RAMADAN H H 100 "During the last ten days of Ramadan the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would remain awake the entire night and would urge the members of his family to do the same, greatly intensifying our prayers." R 100 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha who related this.

%

| 100- : : : " . . : " . |

%

STRONG BELIEF AND CONDUCT H 101 "A strong believer is better and more loved by Allah than a weak one (and in both there is good). Out of all good things desire that which is most beneficial for you. Keep supplicating to Allah for help and do not give up. If you are afflicted in any way, do not say: 'If only I had done this and that things would have turned out differently.' Instead say: 'Allah has written and did as He willed.' The phrase: 'Had I only' opens the gates of evil conduct." R 101 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 101- : : : " " . : "" " " : . |

%

EVIL DESIRES AND HARD STRIFE H 102 "Hell lies hidden behind evil desires and Paradise is veiled by hard strife." R 102 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 102- : : : . : : : : " " : " " : " " . . |

%

THE VOLUNTARY PRAYER OF THE PROPHET H praise and peace be upon him, H 103 "One night Huzaifah joined the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, in his voluntary prayer. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, began the recitation of the "Cow" chapter. Huzaifah thought he would proceed to the bowing position after reciting a hundred verses but he continued with its recitation. Then Huzaifah thought he would complete its recitation in one unit of prayer but he completed its recitation and then began to recite the chapter "Women" and thereafter the chapter of "Imran." His recitation was unhurried. When he recited a verse that mentioned the exaltation of Allah, he praised Him; when a supplication was mentioned he supplicated, and where seeking protection was mentioned he sought protection. After this he proceeded to the bowing position and began repeating: 'Holy is my Lord, the Great' and his bowing was almost as long as his standing. Then he recited: 'Allah hears the one who praises Him. Yours is the praise O Lord.' Then he stood up and his standing was as long as his bowing. He followed this with a prostration and recited: 'Exalted is my Lord, the High; and his prostration was like that of his standing.'" R 103 Muslim with a chain up to Huzaifah son of Yaman who related this.

%

| 103- : : ! : : . . |

%

H 104 H "One night ibn Mas'ud joined the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, in his voluntary prayer. He prolonged the standing so much that it crossed his mind to do something which was impertinent. He was asked: 'What had you made up your mind to?' He answered: 'To sit down and stop following him'." R 104 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ibn Mas'ud who related this.

%

| 104- : : " : : " . |

%

COMPANION IN THE TOMB H 105 "Three accompany the deceased: members of his family, his belongings and his deeds. The first two leave and the third remains." R 105 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 105- : : : " " . |

%

THE NEARNESS OF PARADISE AND HELL H 106 "Paradise is closer to you than your shoe-lace, and the same is the case with Hell." R 106 Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Mas'ud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 106- : : : " " : . : " " : : " " . |

%

PRAYER IS THE KEY TO PARADISE H H 107 "I (Rabi'ah) used to spend my nights in the proximity of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and prepare the water for his ablution. One day he said to me: 'Would you like to ask for something?' I replied: 'I ask for your companionship in Paradise.' He inquired: 'Is there anything else?' I replied: 'That is all.' He said: 'Then help me by increasing the number of your prostrations.'" R 107 Muslim with a chain up to Rabi'ah son of Ka'ab Aslami who related this.

%

| 107- : : - - : : " " . |

%

THE VALUE OF PROSTRATION H 108 "Multiply your prostrations. Every prostration to Allah raises your status one degree and removes one of your sins." R 108 Muslim with a chain up to Thauban who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 108- : : : " " : " " . " " . |

%

THE BEST PERSON H 109 "The best person is he who has a long life and his actions and behavior are good." R 109 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abdullah son of Busril Aslami who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 109- : : : . : - : - -- : - : . : ! : . : : ( ) [ : 23 ] . . : " " : . |

%

THE BATTLE OF UHUD H H 110 "My uncle, Anas son of Nadhr, was not present at the Battle of Badr. He said to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, 'Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I was absent during your first battle with the unbelievers. If Allah brings me to face the unbelievers in another battle Allah will (enable me to) demonstrate my performance.' On the day of the Battle of Uhud when the Muslims were exposed, He said: 'Allah, I plead with You concerning that which the Muslims have done, and dissociate myself from that which the unbelievers have perpetrated.' Then he went forward and met Sa'ad son of Mu'a and said to him: 'Paradise! By the Lord of the Ka'ba, I perceive the fragrance of Paradise from beyond Uhud.' Later Sa'ad said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I have no power to describe what he did.' Anas (the nephew) said: 'The wounds inflicted upon his body by swords, spears and arrows were more than eighty. Then he was martyred and the unbelievers cut off his nose and ears. No one could identify him except his sister who recognized him by his finger tips. We thought that this verse was applicable to him and those like him: "Among the believers there are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah. Some have fulfilled their vow dying, and others await, unyielding to change." 33:23 Koran R 110 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

%

| 110- : : : : ! : ( ) [ : 79 ] . . "" : . |

%

CHARITY SMALL OR LARGE H H 111 "When the verse enjoining charity was revealed we (the Companions) would carry loads on our backs so that we were able to earn something that we could give away in charity. One of us gave a substantial amount to charity but the hypocrites said that he had only done it to show off. When another gave a few pounds of dates and they said: "Allah is not in need of his dates." Thereupon it was revealed: 'As for those who taunt the believers who give charity voluntarily and scoff at those who give according to their means, Allah will scoff at them. Theirs shall be a painful punishment.' "9:79 Koran R 111 Abu Mas'ud Uqbah son of Amr Ansari who related this.

%

| 111- : : " . . . . . . . . . " . : . . : . |

%

THE WARNING OF ALLAH H 112 "Allah admonishes you: O My worshipers, I have forbidden Myself to wrong anyone and have forbidden it to you, so do not wrong anyone. O My worshipers, all of you are astray except those whom I guide. O My worshipers, all of you are hungry except those whom I feed. Supplicate to Me for food, I shall feed you. O My worshipers, all of you are naked except those whom I clothe. Supplicate to Me for clothes, I shall clothe you. O My worshipers, you misbehave by night and day and I forgive all sins. Supplicate to Me for forgiveness, I shall forgive you. O My worshipers, you have no power to harm Me, nor do you have power to benefit Me. O My worshipers, if the first of you and the last of you, and (human and Jinn) all of you together, were to become like the one who has the most righteous soul among you, that would not increase a thing to My Kingdom. O My worshipers, if the first of you and (human and Jinn) all of you together, were to become like the one who has the most vicious soul among you, that would not detract a thing from My Kingdom. O My worshipers, if the first of you and the last of you, and (human and Jinn) all of you together, were to assemble in a large plain and beg Me for whatever you desire and I gave each of you all that you had asked for, that would no more detract from My treasures than a needle detracts if it is dipped into an ocean. O My worshipers, I encompass your deeds and shall recompense you in full for them. He who encounters good should praise Allah for it, and he who encounters something else should blame only himself." R 112 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 37 ] : : : . : . : ( ( : : . . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 12 PURSUIT OF GOOD DEEDS ESPECIALLY TOWARDS THE END OF ONE'S LIFE Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: ".... What, did We not make your lives long enough to remember for whosoever would remember? A warner came to you, so taste now! None shall help the harmdoers!" 35:37 Koran

%

| 112- : : " " . : . : . |

%

SIXTY YEARS H 113 "Allah continues to forgive a person till he reaches the age of sixty years." R 113 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 113- : : : ! : ! : : ( ( [ : 1 ] : . : : . : : : ( ( ) ( : . . |

%

THE APPROACH OF THE DEATH OF THE MESSENGER OF ALLAH, praise and peace be upon him, H H 114 "Omar used to call ibn Abbas to his council along with the elders who had fought in the Battle of Badr. It seems some of them resented this and asked: "Why does he include him among us, our sons are his age." Omar told them: "He belongs to the source of your knowledge." One day he called me (ibn Abbas) to his council along with them and I felt that he had called me in order to expound this to them. He asked them: "What is the meaning of: ' When the victory of Allah and the opening comes.'" 110:1 Koran. Some of them said: 'In this verse we have been commanded to praise Allah and supplicate for His forgiveness when He helps and gives us victory.' Others remained quiet and said nothing. Then Omar asked me: 'Do you say the same, ibn Abbas?' I replied: 'No.' 'Then what do you say?' He asked. I replied: 'When Allah said: When the victory of Allah and the opening comes and you see people embracing the Religion of Allah in throngs, exalt with the praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness from Him. For indeed, He is the Acceptor.' (110 Koran) It was an indication of the approach of death to the Prophet praise and peace be upon him'. Omar said: 'No one knows better than that you have said.'" R 114 Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

%

| 114- : : : ( ( : " " . : : " " . : " " : ( ( . : : " " . : : : " ) ( " . : : " " . : : : " : : ( ( ) ) . |

%

THE VICTORY AND THE OPENING H H 115 "After the Revelation of: 'When the victory of Allah and the opening comes.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, recited in every prayer: 'Exalted are You, our Lord, and all the praise is Yours. Forgive me, O Allah.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, repeatedly recited in his bowing and prostration: 'Exalted are You, O Allah, our Lord, and all praise is due to You. Forgive me, O Allah.' This was recited in accordance with the Koran. "Before his death the Prophet. praise and peace be upon him, often recited: 'Exalted are You and all praise is due to You, I seek Your forgiveness and turn to You.' I (Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her) asked him: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what are these new words I hear you repeating?' He replied: 'A sign has been appointed for me concerning my nation and when I see that sign I should say it.' 'When the victory of Allah and the opening comes, and you see people embracing the Religion of Allah in multitudes, exalt with the praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness from Him. For indeed, He is the Acceptor.' Ch.110" "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, often recited: 'Exalted is Allah and His is all the praise. I seek the forgiveness of Allah and turn to Him.' I said to him: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I have often heard you recite: 'Exalted is Allah and His is all praise; I seek the forgiveness of Allah and turn to Him.' He said: 'My Lord told me that soon I would see a sign concerning my nation and that when I saw it I should exalt and praise Him, and ask His forgiveness and turn to Him. Now I have seen that sign.' The victory and the opening of Allah was the opening of Mecca, and the sign was seeing people embrace the religion of Allah in large numbers." The order is: 'Exalt with the praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness from Him. For indeed, He is the Acceptor.'" R 115 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

%

| 115- : : . . |

%

INCREASE OF THE REVELATION H H 116 "The frequency of the sending down of the Revelation of Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, increased more than at any other time before his death." R 116 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

%

| 116- : : : " " . |

%

THE WAY IN WHICH WE ARE RAISED FROM THE DEAD H 117 "Everyone will be raised in the condition in which he dies." R 117 Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ :215 ] : ( ) [ :197] : ( ) [ : 7 ] : ( ) [ : 15] . : |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 13 THE DIFFERENT WAYS TO DO GOOD Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Allah is Aware of whatever good you do." 2:215 Koran "Allah is Aware of whatever good you do...." 2:197 Koran "Whosoever has done an atom's weight of good shall see it." 99:7 Koran "He who does what is right does it for his own gain..." 45.15 Koran

%

| 117- : : : : " " . : : " " . : : " " . : : " " . " " " " : " " : . |

%

THE BEST KIND OF DEEDS H H 118 "Abu Dharr asked the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, 'Which deeds are the most meritorious?' He replied: 'The belief in Allah and striving in His cause.' Abu Dharrr asked: 'The freeing of which servant is best?' He replied: 'The one whom his master likes best and whose value is highest.' Abu Dharr asked: 'What if one is unable to do that?' He replied: 'Then help someone with his work, or do something for someone who is unable to do it himself.' Abu Dharr asked: 'What if one does not have the strength?' He replied: 'Then restrain yourself from harming anyone because that also is charity for yourself.'" R 118 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related this.

%

| 118- : : : " : " . " " : . |

%

THE CHARITY OF THE LIMBS H 119 "When you get up in the morning charity is due from every one of your limbs. Each exaltation of Allah (by saying Subhan Allah) is charity. Each praising of Allah is charity (by saying Al Hamdu Lillah). Each Tahlilah: bearing witness to the Oneness of Allah (La Ilaha Ill Allah) is charity. Each Takbirah bearing witness of the greatness of Allah (Allahu Akbar) is charity. Encouraging good is charity and forbidding evil is also charity. Two units of prayer (raka') offered in the mid-morning is equal to all this." R 119 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related: The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 119- : : : " " . |

%

GOOD AND BAD DEEDS H 120 "I have been shown the deeds of my people both good and bad. Among the good deeds I found the removal from the path of that which is harmful to people. Among the bad deeds is spittle lying unburied in the mosque." R 120 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 120- : : : : " : " : : " " . " " : : . |

%

EXALTING AND PRAISING ALLAH IS A FORM OF CHARITY H H 121 "The wealthy are the recipients of a great deal of merit. They pray as we pray and fast as we fast, but then they are able to give charity from the excess of their wealth. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Hasn't Allah given you that which you can use as charity? The exaltation of Allah is charity (Subhan Allah), praising Allah (Al Hamdu Lillah) is charity, bearing witness to the Oneness of Allah (La Ilaha Ill Allah) is charity, bearing witness of the greatness of Allah (Allahu Akbar) is charity, encouraging good is charity, forbidding evil is charity, cohabiting with your wives is charity.' Upon this they asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, does that mean that if one of us satisfies his desire he is rewarded?' He replied: 'If he satisfied his desire unlawfully wouldn't it be sinful? Therefore when he satisfies it lawfully it is deserving of a reward.'" R 121 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related that some people said to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, this.

%

| 121- : : : " " . |

%

EVEN SMALL GOOD DEEDS COUNT H 122 "Do not look down upon doing the least amount of good, even greeting your brother with a cheerful face (is a good deed)." R 122 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 122- : . . : : " ( : :) ( : :) |

%

MODES OF CHARITY H 123 "On every day in which the sun rises, charity is due from each limb of a person. Doing justice between two people is charity. To help a person ride his mount or to place his baggage on it is charity. A good word is charity. Every step taken on the way to prayer is charity, removing something from the path that is harmful is charity. Everyone is created with three hundred and sixty joints. Whosoever bears witness to the Greatness of Allah, praises Allah, bears witness to His Oneness, exalts His Holiness, asks His Forgiveness, removes a stone, thorn or bone from a path frequented by people, encourages good, or forbids evil in the number of three-hundred and sixty, has rescued himself from the Fire." R 123 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this. Muslim also reported that Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, informs us that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 123- : : " " . " " : . |

%

WALKING TO THE MOSQUE H 124 "For every time one walks to the mosque in the morning or the evening, Allah prepares a rank for him in Paradise - as often as he walks." R 124 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 124- : : : " " . : : . |

%

CHARITY OF WOMEN H 125 "O believing women, do not be hesitant to send your neighbor a small thing even the shank of a goat." R 125 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 125- : : " : : " . " " . "" : . |

%

COMPONENTS OF FAITH H 126 "Faith has more than sixty or seventy components. The highest of which is bearing witness that there is no god except Allah and the least is the removal of something that is harmful from a path. Modesty is also a part of faith." R 126 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 126- : : : " : " : : " " . : " " : " " . " " : . "" : " " : . |

%

KINDNESS TO ANIMALS H 127 "A man was walking along a path feeling very thirsty. He reached a well and went down into it, drank from it and came out. Then he saw a dog with its tongue lolling out trying to suck up mud because of its extreme thirst. The man thought: 'This dog is suffering from thirst as I suffered.' So he descended once more into the well, filled his leather sock with water and came up holding it by his teeth and gave the dog a drink. Allah was thankful for his deed and forgave his sins. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, are we rewarded for kindness to animals also?' He answered: 'There is a reward for kindness to every living thing.'" We are also informed that: "Allah was thankful for his deed, forgave his sins and admitted him to Paradise." We are also informed: "An extremely thirsty dog was walking around a well, when a loose woman of the Bani Israel saw it. She lowered her leather sock into the well, drew up some water and gave the dog a drink. For this she was forgiven her sins." R 127 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 127- : : " " . : " : " . : " " . |

%

REMOVING OBSTACLES H 128 "I saw a man in Paradise because he cut down a tree from the side of a road which was harmful to Muslims." "A man passed by a branch of a tree leaning over a road and said: 'I must cut it down so that it will not harm Muslims. He was admitted to Paradise because of this.' " "A man was walking along a road and came across a thorny branch protruding over the road and pushed it away. Allah was thankful for his action and forgave him his sins." R 128 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 128- : : : " " . |

%

ETIQUETTE OF THE FRIDAY PRAYER H 129 "For he who makes his ablution carefully and then attends the Friday prayer and listens to the sermon in silence is the forgiveness of his sins since the previous Friday plus three extra days. But he who occupies himself with pebbles during the sermon misbehaves." R 129 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 129- : : : " " . |

%

THE BLESSINGS OF MAKING ABLUTION H 130 "When a Muslim makes his ablution and washes his face, the water carries away all the sins committed by his eyes. When he washes his hands, the water carries away all the sins committed by his hands and when he washes his feet the water carries away all the sins he had walked in to, so that he emerges cleansed of all his sins." R 130 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 130- : : " " . |

%

HOW TO HAVE YOUR SINS FORGIVEN H 131 "The five daily prayers, Friday to Friday and (the fasting of) Ramadan to Ramadan annul whatever (sin) may be between them so long as the major sins are avoided." R 131 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 131- : : : " " : : " " . |

%

HOW TO RAISE YOUR RANK H 132 "Shall I tell you of something with which Allah will erase your sins and raise your rank? Those present said: 'Certainly, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.' He said: 'Make the ablution (ritual washing) properly, going frequently to the mosque for prayer (even in difficult or distressing circumstances) and waiting for the next prayer after one is finished. This is your striving in the cause of Allah.'" R 132 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 132- : : : " " . " " : . |

%

DAWN AND AFTERNOON PRAYERS H 133 "Whosoever diligently prays the dawn and afternoon prayers will enter Paradise." R 133 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 133- : : : " " . |

%

CREDIT FOR GOOD DEEDS H 134 "When a worshiper of Allah is taken ill or goes on a journey he is credited with the equal of whatever he used to do when he was in good health or when he was at home." R 134 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 134- : : : " " . |

%

CHARITY H 135 "Every good deed is charity." R 135 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Jabir and Huzaifah relate that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 135- : : : " " . : " " . : " " . . : "" . |

%

PLANTING TREES H 136 "If a Muslim plants a tree, whatever is eaten from it is his charity and whatever is stolen from it is his charity. Even what is lost from it is his charity. If a Muslim plants a tree or sows a field and men, beasts and birds eat from it, all of it is his charity. On the day of Judgement" R 136 Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 136- : : : " " : . : " " . : " " . . " " : Ѡ "" : . |

%

H 137 H "The children of Salimah decided to move nearer to the Mosque. On learning this, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said to them: 'I have heard that you intend to move nearer to the Mosque.' They replied: 'That is our intention O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.' Twice he said: 'Children of Salimah, keep your homes, your footprints are recorded. Every step you take towards the Mosque raises your rank.'" R 137 Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 137- : : : : : " " . : " " . " " : . |

%

H 138 H Ubay, son of Ka'ab knew a person whose house was further away from the Mosque than anyone else and who never missed a prayers (in the Mosque). He asked him, 'Why don't you buy a donkey so that you can ride in the dark and in the heat?' He replied: 'I wouldn't like my home to be close to the Mosque. It is my wish that my walking to the Mosque and my return home should be recorded to my credit.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told him: 'Allah has credited all that to your account. All that you do with good intention is credited to you.'" R 138 Muslim with a chain up to Ubay son of Ka'ab who related this.

%

| 138- : : : " : " . " " : . ( ) |

%

TYPES OF GOOD DEEDS H 139 "There are forty categories of good deeds. Of the highest is the free loan of a she-camel yielding milk. Whichever of these deeds are practiced in hope of receiving its reward and relying on the fulfillment of its promise will lead its practitioner to Paradise." R 139 Bukhari with a chain up to Abdullah son of Amr the son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this. (No scholar succeeded to list these forty categories which obligate Paradise until the late Shaykh, Muhaddith Abdullah ben Sadek, was blessed with the knowledge to list them from sound Prophetic Quotations, may Allah have mercy upon him).

%

| 139- : : : " " . : : " " . |

%

CHARITY IS A SHIELD H 140 "Shield yourselves from the Fire, even if it is by giving (as little as) half a date in charity. Your Lord will speak to each one of you without the assistance of an interpreter. Mankind will look to his right and see only his deeds and will look to his left and see only his deeds. He will look in front and will only see the Fire close to his face. So shield yourselves against the Fire, even if it is by giving away half a date in charity, and even if you do not have this, by saying a good word." R 140 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Adiyy son of Hatim who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 140- : : : " " . "" : . |

%

PRAISE ALLAH WHEN EATING AND DRINKING H 141 "It pleases Allah that a worshiper of His praises Him when he eats and praises Him when he drinks." R 141 Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related: the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 141- : : " " : : " " : : " " : : " " : : " " . |

%

WAYS OF CHARITY H 142 "Charity is incumbent upon every Muslim. He was asked: 'What if a person has nothing?' He answered: 'Then he should work with his hands to his own benefit and also give charity.' He was asked: 'What if he is unable to work?' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'Then he should help someone who is needy and poor.' He was asked: 'What if he is unable to do even that?' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'Then he should encourage others to do good.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was asked: 'What if he lacks that also?' He replied: 'Then he should restrain himself from doing evil, that too is charity.'" R 142 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 1] : ( ) [ : 185 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 14 MODERATE COURSE OF WORSHIP Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "We have not sent down the Koran to you for you to be tired." 20:2 Koran "... Allah wants ease for you and does not want hardship for you..." 2:185 Koran.

%

| 142- : : " " : . : " " . . "" : . " " : . |

%

H 143 H "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, entered when a woman was visiting Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, and asked who she was. Lady Ayesha replied: 'She is the one known for her praying.' Addressing her (gently and politely) he said: 'Listen, you are called upon only to do as much as you can do with ease. Allah does not get tired of you until you get tired. Allah likes the prayers which His worshiper offers easily and regularly.'" R 143 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

%

| 143- : : . : . : . : . : " " . |

%

DO NOT GO TO EXTREMES H H 144 "Three people asked the wives of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with them, about the Prophet's worshiping practice. After they had been informed, they felt this would be insufficient in their cases and said: 'There is no comparison between the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and us. He has been forgiven in advance.' One of them declared: 'I will always spend the whole night in voluntary prayer.' The second announced: 'I shall fast every day without interruption.' The third said: 'I shall keep away from women and never marry.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, arrived and asked them: 'Did you say this and this? I fear Allah more than you do and I am more mindful of my duty to Him than you are, but I fast and also break the fast, and I offer voluntary prayers at night and also sleep, and I cohabit with my wives. He who turns away from my practice is not of me.'" R 144 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

%

| 144- : : " " . . " " : . |

%

THE REWARD FOR EXTREME ACTIONS H 145 "Ruined are those who go to extremes." He repeated this thrice." R 145 Ibn Mas'ud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 145- : " " . : " " . : "" : . " " . : " " : . "" : . "" : . "" : . : . |

%

MODERATION IN ALL THINGS H 146 "The obligations of the religion are easy. Whoever imports hardship into it is overpowered by them. So be moderate, and practice in proportion to your capacity. Be of good tidings and seek help through prayer in the morning and evening and during a portion of the night." "Be moderate, be moderate." R 146 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 146- : : " " : . : " " . |

%

TIREDNESS DURING THE VOLUNTARY PRAYER H H 147 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, went into the Mosque and noticed a rope stretched between two columns. He inquired: 'What is that rope for?' He was told: 'This is Zainab's, (wife of the Prophet, Mother of Believers, may Allah be pleased with her) rope. When she feels tired during her voluntary prayer she holds on to it for support.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told them: 'Undo it. You should pray so long as you are not tired. When you feel tired you should go to sleep.'" R 147 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

%

| 147- : : " " . |

%

H 148 "If any of you feels sleepy in the course of the prayer, you should sleep until your sleepiness departs. If you pray while you are sleepy you cannot be certain that while meaning to seek forgiveness that you have (accidentally) cursed yourself instead." R 148 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 148- : . . : "" : . |

%

H 149 H "On many occasions, Jabir had the opportunity of joining the prayers led by the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, His prayer was moderate and his sermon was moderate." R 149 with a chain up to Jabir son of Samurah who related this.

%

| 149- : : : : : : : . : : : " " . |

%

LEAD A BALANCED WAY OF LIFE H H 150 The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had established the bond of brotherhood between Salman and Abu Darda'. Salman went to see Abu Darda' and found his wife looking unkempt. He asked her: 'What is the matter with you?' She replied: 'Your brother, Abu Darda' has no worldly desires.' Then Abu Darda' arrived and prepared some food for Salman and said: 'Go ahead and eat, I am fasting.' Salman said: 'I shall not eat unless you eat with me.' So Abu Darda' ate with him. At night Abu Darda' arose for the voluntary prayer. Salman told him to go to sleep, so he slept. This happened again. Later Salman said, 'Wake up' and both offered the prayer together. Then Salman said: 'It is true that you owe your duty to your Lord, but you also owe a duty to yourself and to your wife. So you should carry out your duty to everyone.' Then they went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and related all that transpired and he told them: 'Salman was right.'" R 150 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Juhaifah Wahb son of Abdullah related this.

%

| 150- : : . : " " : . : " " : : " " : : " " . : " " : : " " . : " " : : " : " : : " " : : " " : . : " " : : " " : : " " : : " " : : " " : " " : . . : " " . : " " . : " : " . : " -- : - . : . : " " : " " : : " " : . . |

%

THE FAST OF PROPHET DAVID IS BEST H 151 The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, was told that I, Abdullah ibn Amr had said: 'I shall fast each day and spend the whole night in voluntary prayer for as long as I live.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked me: 'Are you the one who said this?' I replied: 'Indeed, I said it O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, may my father and mother be your ransom.' He said: 'You will not be able to sustain this. You can fast but with breaks in between, and you can get up for voluntary prayer, but you should also sleep. Fast three days a month, and as the value of a good deed is tenfold this is equal to fasting for ever.' I said: 'I am strong enough to do better than that.' He said: 'Then fast one day out of every three.' I said: 'I am strong enough to do even better than that.' He said: 'Well, fast one day and not the next. This was the fast of David and it is the most fair.' I said: 'I am strong enough to do better than that.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'There is nothing better than this.' Now I wish that I had accepted the suggestion of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, that I fast three days a month. This would be dearer to me than my children and my wealth." In an other narration: "I have been told that you observe the fast every day and stand for voluntary prayer throughout the night? I said: 'That is so, Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.' He said: 'Do not do this. Fast and then leave it; sleep and then stand in prayer. Your body has a right, your eyes have a right, your wife has a right and your guest has a right. It is sufficient if you fast for three days a month because every good deed has a tenfold value and this way of fasting is equal to fasting for ever.' But I was hard on myself and so hardship was imposed upon me. I said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I feel strong. He said: 'Then observe the fast of David, the Prophet of Allah, and do not add to it.' I asked: 'What was the fast of David?' He replied: 'Half the time.' When Abdullah became old he would say: 'Alas, how I wish I had accepted the first waiver of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him!" In another narration: "'I have been told that you fast every day and recite the entire Koran during each night?' I replied: 'That is so, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and I intend only good in doing so.' He said: 'Fast like the fast of David, the Prophet of Allah, he worshiped more than any other man, and completed the recitation of the Holy Reading in a month.' I replied: 'O Prophet of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I am strong enough to do more than this.' He said: 'Then complete it every twenty days.' I said: 'O Prophet of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I feel strong enough to do more than that.' He said: 'Then recite it every ten days.' I said: 'O Prophet of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I have strength to do more than that. He said: 'Well then, recite it every seven days and do not add to this recitation.' So I was hard on myself and hardship was imposed upon me. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told me: 'You do not know, you may have a long life.' Then I reached that of which the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had spoken. When I became old I wished I had accepted the waiver of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. In another narration: 'Your son has a right.' In another narration: "'Whosoever fasts continuously, is considered to not to have fasted.' This was repeated thrice." In another narration: "The fast most acceptable to Allah is the fast of David, and the prayer most acceptable to Allah is the prayer of David. He slept half the night, then stood in prayer one third of it and then slept again one sixth. He would fast one day and not the next. He never retreated in the face of the enemy." In another narration: "My father had married me to a woman from good family and would inquire from his daughter-in-law about me. She would say: 'A fine man indeed. Since I have come to him he has not lain down in our bedding nor has he withdrawn a cover.' When this continued for some time my father mentioned the matter to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. He told my father: 'Send him to me.' So I went to him. He asked me: 'How often do you fast?' I replied: 'Each day.' Then he asked me: 'How often do you concluded the recitation of the Koran?' I replied: 'Once a night.' Then followed that which has already been related. When Abdullah became old he recited one seventh of his nightly recitation to some members of his family during the day to lighten his task at night. When he needed relief from the fast, he would fast alternate days for a few days and make up the number of fasts missed later on, least he should leave the practice that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, left him doing." R 151 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Amr son of Al 'As who related this.

%

| 151- : : : ! : ! : : . : ! : " " : . : " " . . : "" . "" . : "" : . "" : . |

%

H 152 H "Abu Bakr Siddique met Hanzala the son of Rabi' Usaidi and greeted him saying: 'How are you, Hanzala?' He replied: 'Hanzala has become a hypocrite.' Abu Bakr said: 'Exalted is Allah, what are you saying, Hanzala?' He replied: 'When we are in the company of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, he reminds us of Paradise and the Fire and we feel as if we are looking at them. But when we depart from him we are distracted by our wives, children and livelihood and we forget the greater part.' Abu Bakr said: 'We too are in the same state.' Then Abu Bakr and he walked together until they came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and Hanzala said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, Hanzala has become a hypocrite.' He asked: 'What is that?' Hanzala replied: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, when we are in your company you talk to us of Paradise and the Fire and we feel as if we are looking at them. But when we leave you we are distracted by our wives, children and livelihoods and we forget the greater part." The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: "By Him in whose Hands is my life, if you were to continue as you are when you are with me occupied with the remembrance of Allah, the angels would shake hands with you in your bed and in your streets. But Hanzala, there are moments and moments, and he repeated this last phrase three times.'" R 152 Muslim with a chain up to Hanzala son of Rabi' Usaidi who related this.

%

| 152- : : : " " . |

%

DO NOT INFLICT UNNECESSARY HARDSHIPS UPON YOURSELF H H 153 While the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was delivering his sermon, he noticed a man standing up and inquired about him. He was told that his name was Abu Israel and that he had made a vow to keep standing in the sun. He would neither sit down, move into the shade, nor would he speak to anyone and he was fasting. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Tell him to speak, and to move into the shade and sit down. But let him complete his fast.' R 153 Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 16 ] : ( ) [ : 27 ] : ( ) [ : 92 ] : ( ) [ : 99 ] . . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 15 BEING CONSTANT IN GOOD DEEDS Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Is it not time that the hearts of the believers be humbled to the Remembrance of Allah and the truth which He has sent down? They should not be like those who were given the Book before this, whose time became very long so that their hearts became hardened Many of them were impious." 57:16 Koran "Following them We sent down Our (other) Messengers, And We sent following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary and gave him the Gospel, and put tenderness and mercy in the hearts of his followers. As for the monasticism, they invented it, thereby seeking the pleasure of Allah. We did not write it for them, and they did not observe it as it should be observed." 57:27 Koran "Do not be like the woman who breaks her thread, after it is firmly spun into fibers, by taking your oaths as mere mutual deceit, one nation being more numerous than the other....." 16:92 Koran "Worship your Lord till the certainty (death) overtakes you." 15:99 Koran

%

| 153- : : . : : " " . |

%

BE CONSISTENT H 154 "Of religious actions Allah likes that which one practices continuously. A person who misses his voluntary prayer or a portion of it at night because of sleep will be credited with the same merit if he makes up for it any time between the dawn and mid-day prayer." R 154 The Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha who related the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this. Muslim with a chain up to Omar son of Khattab who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 154- : : " " . |

%

H 155 H "The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, directed me: 'Abdullah, do not be like so and so. He used to get up during the night for the voluntary prayer but gave up doing so later.'" R 155 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Amr son of Al 'As who related this.

%

| 155- : . . |

%

H 156 H "If the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, missed his voluntary prayer during the night due to something such as illness he would offer twelve units of prayer during the day." R 156 Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 7 ] : ( ) [ :3-4] : ( ) [ : 31 ] : ( ) [ :21 ] : ( ) [ : 65 ] : ( ) [ : 59 ] : : ( ) [ :80 ] : ( ) [ : 52-53 ] : ( ) [ : 63 ] : ( ) [ : 34 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 16 THE OBLIGATION TO OBEY THE HOLY PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "... Whatever the Messenger gives you, accept it; and whatever he forbids, abstain...." 59:7 Koran "Nor does he speak out of desire. Indeed it is not except a Revelation which is revealed." 53:3- 4 Koran "Say (Prophet Muhammad): 'If you love Allah, follow me and Allah will love you, and forgive your sins. Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.'" 3:31 Koran "In the Messenger of Allah you have a fine example for he who hopes for Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah abundantly." 33:21 Koran "We did not send a Messenger except that he should be obeyed, by the permission of Allah. If, when they had wronged themselves, they had come to you and asked Allah for forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked for forgiveness for them, they would have found Allah the Turner, the Merciful." 4:64 Koran CONTINUE "Believers, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. Should you dispute about anything refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is better and the best interpretation." 4:59 Koran "Whosoever obeys the Messenger, indeed he has obeyed Allah. As for those who turn away, We have not sent you to be their protector." 4:80 Koran ".... you (Prophet Muhammad), you surely guide to a Straight Path." 42:52 Koran ".... so let those who disobey His command beware, lest they are struck by sedition, or, they are stricken with a painful punishment." 24:63 Koran "Stay in your homes and do not display your finery as pagan women used to do in the olden Days of Ignorance. Establish your prayers, pay the obligatory charity, and obey Allah and His Messenger." 33:33 Koran

%

| 156- : : : " " . |

%

DO THE BEST ACCORDING TO YOUR ABILITY H 157 "Do not ask me for other than that I mention to you. Those who were before you were ruined by asking many questions and then differing with their Prophets. When I forbid something to you keep away from it altogether. When I prescribe something for you carry it out according to your ability." R 157 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 157- : : : : " " : " " . " " : : . |

%

BEWARE OF INNOVATIONS H H 158 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, delivered a moving speech and we said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, this sounds like farewell advice.' Then he said: 'I advise you to fear Allah, and to hear and obey even if a slave is put in authority over you. Those of you who out live me will observe many differences. When such time arrives hold fast to my way of life and the practice of my rightly guided successors (caliphs). Hold on to it by your back teeth - beware of innovations (that are not in the spirit of Islam) - innovation leads to the wrong path (in adapting another faith and practice)." R 158 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Irbah son of Sariah who related this.

%

| 158- : : : " " . : : " " . |

%

THE RESULT OF DISOBEDIENCE H 159 "'All my nation will enter Paradise, except those who defy me.' He was asked: 'Who are those who defy, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him?' He said: 'He who obeys me will enter Paradise but he who disobeys will not.'" R 159 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 159- : : : : " " : . : " " . . |

%

STUBBORNNESS H H 160 "A man ate with his left hand in the presence of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, whereupon the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, advised him to eat with his right hand. In arrogance he replied: 'I am unable to do so.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'May you not be able to so.' Thereafter the man could not raise his hand to his mouth." R 160 Muslim with a chain up to Salamah, son of Amr son of Al Akwa' who related this.

%

| 160- : : : " " . : . : " " . |

%

IMPORTANCE OF KEEPING PRAYER ROWS STRAIGHT H 161 "Keep your rows straight during prayers, if you do not Allah will create dissension among you. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, insisted that we keep our rows straight to the extent that they were as straight as arrows. He continued to emphasize this till he felt sure we had realized its importance. One day he came into the mosque to lead the prayer and he was about to pronounce the opening takbir (Allahu Akbar) when he noticed the chest of one of THE worshipers protruding out of the line, he said: Worshipers of Allah, keep your rows straight or else Allah will create dissension among you.'" R 161 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Nu'man son of Bashir who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 161- : : : " " . |

%

FIRE IS YOUR ENEMY H H 162 "One night a house in Medina caught fire. The roof and walls fell in upon its occupants. When this was related to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, he said: 'Fire is your enemy; when you go to sleep put it out.'" R 162 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa who related this.

%

| 162- : : : " " . " " : . |

%

BENEFITS OF KNOWLEDGE H 163 "Concerning the guidance and knowledge with which I have been endowed, it can be compared to rain that falls upon the land. Part of the land is good and fertile; the dry grass turns green and a considerable amount of new fresh grass is produced. Another part is dry but stores water and with it Allah benefits people, they drink from it and use it for cultivation. Another part is a barren plain which neither retains water nor produces fresh grass. Such are the cases of those who understand the religion sent down by Allah and benefit from that with which Allah has sent to me, studying and teaching it. The example (who does not care) like who did not raise his head to gain religious knowledge nor do he accept the guidance with which I have been sent." R 163 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa who related: The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 163- : : : " " . " " : . "" : . |

%

THE EXAMPLE OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him H 164 "My example and your example is as a man who kindles a fire and moths and insects rush toward it and fall in to it and I try to stop them. I hold you by your waists (to save you) from Hell, but you struggle escaping from my hands." R 164 Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 164- : : : " " . : " " . : " " . |

%

SATAN IS EVER WAITING H H 165 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, encouraged the licking of fingers and the cleaning plates saying: 'You do not know which part of the food has the greater blessing. If anyone drops (even) a little bit of food he should pick it up, remove the dust from it and so on, then eat it and not leave it for satan. Neither should one wipe their hands with a napkin without licking the food from ones fingers - you do not know which part of the food has the greater blessing.'" In another narration: "satan is present with you at all times, even when you are eating. If a small piece of food falls from your hand, you should pick it up, cleanse it of dust and so on, then eat it and not leave it for satan." R 165 Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related this.

%

| 165- : : : " ) ) [ : 103 ] : . : . : ( ( : ( ) [ : 117 - 118] : " . " " : . |

%

INNOVATIONS H 166 "O people, you will be assembled before Allah - the High - bare-footed, naked and uncircumcised. Allah, the Exalted will say: '... As We originated the first creation, so will We bring it back again. This is a binding promise on Us which We shall assuredly fulfill.' 21:104 Koran Beware, the first to be clothed will be Prophet Abraham. Some of my nation will be brought who will be led to the left side. I will call out: 'O Lord, these are my companions.' So I will be told: "You are unaware of the innovations they perpetrated after you.' Then I shall say what another righteous worshiper of Allah (Jesus) said: '... I witnessed them whilst living in their midst and ever since You took me to You, You have been the Watcher over them. You are the Witness of everything. If You punish them (for their disbelief), they surely are Your subjects; and if You forgive them, surely You are the Almighty, the Wise.' 5:117 to 118 Koran Then I will be told: 'Since your parting, they continued to turn away on their heels.'" R 166 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas tells us that the Prophet, advised us this.

%

| 166- : : : " " . : : : " " : ! . |

%

DO NOT FLICK STONES H H 167 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade the shooting of pebbles as missiles by flicking the thumb and forefinger saying: 'Such a shot neither kills game, nor is an enemy stopped, but it can injure an eye or break a tooth.' A relative of ibn Mughat'fal flicked a pebble in this manner and he rebuked him saying: 'The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade it and told us that it will not kill game.' But the man did not desist and repeated his act whereupon Ibn Mughaft'al said: 'I told you that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, has forbidden such a shot and yet you repeated it. I will never speak to you again.'" R 167 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Mughaffal who related this.

%

| 167- : - : - : . . |

%

THE BLACK STONE H H 168 "I saw Omar son of Khattab kissing the Black Stone and I heard him say: 'I am well aware you are only a piece of rock and have no power to confer a benefit or to harm. If I had not seen the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, kiss you I would never have kissed you.'" R 168 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to 'Abis son of Rabi'a who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 65 ] : ( ) [ : 51 ] . : . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 17 OBLIGATION TO OBEY ALLAH Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "But no, by your Lord, they will not believe you until they make you the judge regarding the disagreement between them, then they will not find in themselves any discomfort concerning your verdict, and will surrender to you in full submission." 4:65 Koran "But when the believers are called to Allah and His Messenger, in order that he judges between them, their reply is: 'We hear and obey.' Such are the prosperous." 24:51 Koran

%

| 168- : : ( ( [ : 283 ] : : . : " : " : ( ) [ : 285 ] : ( ) [ : 286 ] : ) ( : ) ( : ) ( : . . |

%

ALLAH DOES NOT OVERBURDEN YOU H H 169 "When the verse: ' To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and earth. Whether you reveal what is in your hearts or hide it Allah will bring you to account for it. He will forgive whom He will and punish whom He will; He has power over all things' (2:284 Koran) was sent down to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, his Companions were distressed and went to him, knelt and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, we have been charged with that (duty) which is within our capacity; prayer, striving, fasting and charity. Now this verse has been revealed to you and what it charges us with is beyond our capacity.' The Prophet said: 'Do you want to say the same as the People of the two Books: We hear, but we disobey? Instead, you should say: 'We hear and obey; we implore Your forgiveness Lord, and to You is our arrival.' When they recited this and their tongues had adapted themselves to it. Allah sent down: "The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from His Lord, and so do the believers. Each believes in Allah and His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. We do not differentiate between any of His Messengers. They say: 'We hear and obey. (We ask) Your forgiveness Lord and to You is the arrival." 2:285 Koran When they had done this, Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified sent down: "Allah charges no soul except to its capacity. For it is what it earned, and against it what it has gained. 'Our Lord, do not take us to account if we have forgotten, or made a mistake. Our Lord, do not burden us with a load as You have burdened those before us. Our Lord, do not over burden us with more than we can bear. And pardon us, and forgive us, and have mercy on us. You are our Protector, so give us victory over the nation, the unbelievers. '" 2:286 Koran R 169 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 32 ] : ( ) [ : 38 ] : ( ) [ : 59 ] . : ( ) [ : 153 ] : ( ) [ :31 ] . : |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 18 PROHIBITIONS OF INNOVATIONS IN RELIGION AND HERESY Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: ".... What is there after truth, anything except error. Then how are you turned around (from faith)?" 10:32 Koran ".... We have neglected nothing in the Book..." 6:38 Koran ".... Should you dispute about anything refer it to Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day." 4:59 Koran "This Path of Mine is straight. Follow it and do not follow other paths, for they will scatter you away from His Path." 6:153 Koran "Say (Prophet Muhammad): 'If you love Allah, follow me and Allah will love you, and forgive your sins. Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.' " 3:31 Koran

%

| 169- : : " " . : " " . |

%

REJECTION OF INNOVATION H 170 "If anyone tries to introduce something into our religion that does not belong to it, it must be rejected. A practice that is not enjoined by us must be rejected." R 170 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 170- : : " " : " " : " " : " " . . |

%

RESPONSIBILITY OF THE HEIRS REPAYING THE DEBT OF THE DECEASED H H 171 "When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, delivered a sermon his eyes became red, his voice would rise and become intense just as if he were alerting us against a hostile enemy. He would say: 'The enemy is advancing against you in the morning; he advances against you in the evening.' He would also say: 'My advent and the advent of the Day of Judgement are as my two fingers.' Then he held up his fore and middle fingers closely together. He would say: 'The best Word is the Book of Allah and the best example is the example of Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him, the worst practice is the introduction of innovation into the religion (which is contrary to the spirit of Islam); innovation is error.' He would say: 'I am more of a guardian to every believer than his own self. If a believer dies leaving property it goes to his heirs, but if he dies in debt and is survived by dependents, the responsibility for the payment of his debts and the looking after his dependents is mine.'" R 171 Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related this, also related by Irbah son of Sariah.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 74 ] : ( ) [ : 73] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 19 NEW WAYS - VIRTUE AND VICE Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Those who say: 'Lord give us of our wives and children what pleases our eyes and make us leaders to the fearful.'" 25:74 Koran "and appointed them leaders to guide by Our command." 21:73 Koran

%

| 171- : : ( ( : ( ( : ( ( - - " ǡ . : " ǡ " . : " " . " " : . "" : ( ( . : "" : . : " " : . : " " : "" . . : . |

%

THOSE LESS FORTUNATE H H 172 "We were with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, before noon when some people from the tribe of Mudhar came to him wearing torn striped woolen cloth slung around their necks. Some of them wore sleeveless garments and their swords hung at their sides. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was deeply moved when he observed their emaciated faces. He got up and went to his room, then he returned and asked Bilal to make the call for prayer. He led the prayer addressing those present with the verses: 'O people, fear your Lord, who created you from a single soul. From it He created its spouse, and from both of them scattered many men and women. Fear Allah, by whom you ask one another, and (fear) the wombs (lest you sever its relationship). Allah is ever watching over you.' 4:1 Koran 'Believers, fear Allah. Let every soul look to what it has forwarded for the future, and fear Allah, for Allah is Aware of the things you do.' 59:18 Koran. Then he encouraged everyone to give charitably from their dinars, dirhams, clothes, wheat and dates, even if it was only half a date. One of the Ansars came with a bag so heavy that he was unable to carry it by hand, and others followed one after the other. Soon there were two mounds piled-up with food and clothes. I noticed that the Prophet's face shone like shinning gold. He said: 'Whoever initiates a way of doing good into Islam will be rewarded for it and there is also a reward for everyone who follows that example, without decreasing their own reward, and whoever initiates an evil practice into Islam will carry its burden and the burden of everyone who acts in that way, without decreasing in any way their own burden." R 172 Muslim with a chain up to Jarir son of Abdullah who related this.

%

| 172- : : " " . |

%

PORTION OF BLAME H 173 "The first son of Adam bears a portion of the guilt of everyone who wrongfully kills another because he was the first to commit murder." R 173 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Mas'ud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 87 ] : ( ) [ : 125 ] : ( ) [ :2 ] : ( ) [ :104 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 20 RECOMMENDING AND ENCOURAGING GOOD: TEMPTATION OF EVIL Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: ".... but call to your Lord...." 28:87 Koran "Call to the Path of your Lord with wisdom and fine admonition. Dispute with them in the best manner.... 16:125 Koran ".... and cooperate in righteousness and warding off (evil)...." 5:2 Koran "Let there be one nation of you that shall call to righteousness...." 3:104 Koran

%

| 173- : : " " . |

%

UNEXPECTED REWARD H 174 "The reward of one who guides another towards good is equal to the reward of the latter." R 174 Muslim with a chain up to Uqbah son of Amr Ansari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 174- : : " " . H 175 "He who calls people to guidance receives the same reward as those who follow him without any decrease to the reward of the latter, and he who calls people to error carries the same burden of sin as those who follow him without any decrease to the burdens of the latter." R 175 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 175- : : " " . . : " " : . : " " . : : " " . : "" : . : "" . |

%

INVITE THE OPPOSITION TO ISLAM H H 176 "Before the battle of Khybar the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, announced: 'Tomorrow I shall give the standard to a man in whose hands Allah will bestow victory upon us. He loves Allah and His Messenger, and Allah and His Messenger love him.' The Companions spent the night speculating and discussing who they thought would receive the standard. Next morning they went to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, everyone hoping that they would receive it. The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, asked: 'Where is Ali - may Allah honor his face - son of Abu Talib?' He was told Ali was suffering from sore eyes, so he said: "Send for him." When he came, the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, put his saliva in his eyes and prayed for him. He recovered as if his eyes had never been troubled. Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, gave him the standard. Ali asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, shall I fight them till they become like us?' He replied: 'Continue until you reach them. Then invite them to Islam and explain to them their obligations to Allah. If just one person is guided by Allah through you that will be better for you than a herd of (valuable) red camels.'" R 176 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sahl son of Sa'ad who related this.

%

| 176- : : : " " : : : . . |

%

REWARD FOR ASSISTING OTHERS H H 177 "A young man from the children of Aslam came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I want to take part in the campaign but I have nothing with which to acquire the equipment.' He said: 'Go to so and so. He has equipment but he has been taken ill.' So the young man went to him and said: 'The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, sends you greetings and asks you to hand over to me your equipment.' The man called out to his wife saying: 'Give him all the equipment I have gathered and do not withhold anything for it otherwise Allah will not make it a source of blessing for us.'" R 177 Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 2 ] : ( ) [ : 1-2 ] - - : . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 21 COOPERATION IN GOODNESS AND VIRTUOUS DEEDS Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: ".... cooperate in righteousness and warding off...." 5:2 Koran "By the time of the afternoon! Surely, the human is in a (state of) loss, except those who believe and do good works and charge one another with the truth and charge one another with patience." Ch 103 Koran

%

| 177- : : " " . |

%

EQUIPPING A FIGHTER H 178 "He who equips a fighter in the Cause of Allah (jihad) is as if he fought himself. Also, he who looks after the dependents of a fighter during his absence is as if he fights himself." R 178 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Zaid son of Khalid Juhni who related, The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 178- : : " " . |

%

EARNING THE SAME REWARD H H 179 "The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, sent a detachment to the children of Lahyan and directed: 'Let one out of every two men prepare to proceed. Both will earn the same reward.'" R 179 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related this.

%

| 179- : : " " : : : " " : : " " . |

%

TAKING CHILDREN ON PILGRIMAGE H H 180 "The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, encountered a party of mounted men at Rauha and asked them: 'Who are you?' They answered: 'Muslims' and inquired who he was. He replied: 'The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him'. A woman among them lifted a boy up to him and asked: 'Can this child take part in the Pilgrimage?' He said: 'Yes, and you will have the reward.'" R 180 Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

%

| 180- : " " . : " " " " . |

%

THE REWARD OF THE TRUSTWORTHY TREASURER H 181 "A trustworthy Muslim treasurer is the one who gives what he is ordered in full to the designated person cheerfully. Such person receives the same reward as the donor." R 181 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 10 ] : : ( ) [ : 62 ] : ( ) [ : 68 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 22 OFFERING GOOD ADVICE Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Believers are indeed brothers...." 49:10 Koran ".... (sent) to convey to you the messages of My Lord and to advise you " 7:62 Koran ".... and I am your honest adviser...." 7.68 Koran

%

| 181- : : : : " " : : " " . |

%

ADVICE H 182 "Religion is advice." We asked: 'For whom is it given?' He answered: "To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, Muslim leaders and their people." R 182 Muslim with a chain up to Tamim Dari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 182- : : . . H 183 H "I (Jarir) made a promise to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, that I would pray (the five prayers), pay the obligatory charity, and have goodwill towards all Muslims." R 183 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Jarir son of Abdullah who related this.

%

| 183- : : " " . |

%

DESIRING GOOD FOR OTHERS H 184 "A person is not a believer unless he desires for his brother that which he desires for himself." R 184 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 104 ] : ( ) [ : 110 ] : ( ) [ : 199 ] : ( ) [ :71 ] : ( ) [ : 78 ] : ( ) [ :29 ] : ( ) [ :94 ] : ( ) [ : 165] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 23 ENCOURAGING GOOD AND FORBIDDING EVIL Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Let there be one nation of you, that shall call to righteousness, ordering honor, and forbidding dishonor. Those are the prosperous." 3:104 Koran "You are the best nation ever be brought forth for people. You order honor and forbid dishonor...." 3:110 Koran "Accept the easing, order with fine jurisprudence, and avoid the ignorant." 7:199 Koran "The believers, both men and women, are guides to each other. They order what is just and forbid what is evil..." 9:71 Koran "Those who disbelieved of the Children of Israel, were cursed by the tongue of David and Jesus, the son of Mary, because they disobeyed and transgressed. They did not forbid one another from the wrongdoing they were committing. Evil is what they were doing." 5:78-79 Koran CONTINUE "Say: 'This is the truth from your Lord. Let whosoever will, believe, and whosoever will, disbelieve it.' 18:29 Koran "Proclaim then, what you are commanded, and turn away from the unbelievers." 15:94 Koran "Therefore, when they forgot that which they were reminded, We saved those who were forbidding evil, and seized the evildoers with and evil punishment for that which they used to do." 7:165 Koran

%

| 184- : : : : " " . |

%

ENCOUNTERING EVIL H 185 "Whosoever among you notices something evil should correct it by his hand; if he is unable to do that then he should condemn it by his tongue; if he is unable to do that, he should consider it bad in his heart and this is the lowest degree of faith." R 185 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 185- : : : " " . |

%

FOLLOW THE WAY OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him H 186 "Each Prophet sent before me had devoted disciples and Companions who would follow his practice and obey his orders. Then, these were followed by those who said that which they did not do, and did that which they were not ordered. Whosoever fights them with his hands is a believer, as is he who fights them with his tongue, also he who fights them in his heart. After this there is not as much as a grain of faith left." R 186 Muslim with a chain up to ibn Mas'ud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 186- : : . . " " : . "" : . " " : . |

%

THE CHARACTER OF THE COMPANIONS H H 187 We gave allegiance to the Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, to hear and to obey in adversity and in prosperity, in hardship and in ease; to endure discrimination, and not to dispute the command of those in authority over us - unless it is clear disbelief for which you have proof from Allah, the High, and that we tell the truth wherever we are and to be patient when reproached or rebuked." R 187 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ubadah son of Samat who related this.

%

| 187- : : " : " . " " : : . " " : . |

%

THE LIKENESS OF THOSE WHO DO NOT FOLLOW THE PROPHETIC WAY H 188 "The example of those who obey the commands of Allah and those who are careless of them can be likened to passengers on a ship who cast lots to determine who should occupy the upper deck and who should occupy the lower deck. Those on the lower deck had to pass through those on the upper deck whenever they needed to fetch water. So they suggested to the occupants of the upper deck: 'If we bore a hole through our part, we would not have to trouble you.' Now, if the occupants of the upper deck allowed the others to carry out their plan they would perish altogether; but if they stopped them from doing it they would all be saved." R 188 Bukhari with a chain up to Nu'man son of Bashir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 188- : : " " : : " " . : . |

%

RULERS H 189 "There will be those who are appointed in authority over you. Some of their actions you will find conform to Islamic Law but others not. The person who makes known his extreme dislike of this, will not be held accountable, as will be the one who resents it. However, the one who is pleased and follows them will be held accountable.' He was asked: 'Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, shouldn't we fight them?' He replied: 'Not as long as they continue to maintain the prayer among you.'" R 189 Muslim with a chain up to Mother of the Believers Lady Umm Salamah, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

%

| 189- : : : " " : : " " . |

%

GOG AND MAGOG H H 190 "One day the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, entered in great concern and said: 'There is no god except Allah. Woe to the Arabs from the evil which is approaching. A breach this size has been made in the wall that holds back Gog and Magog;' and he made a circle between his thumb and forefinger. I (Lady Zainab) said to him: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, shall we be destroyed when there are a number of the righteous among us?' He replied: 'Yes, when evil becomes widespread.'" R 190 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Zainab wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers who related this.

%

| 190- : : " !" : . : " " . : : " " . |

%

STREET BEHAVIOR H H 191 "The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, directed: 'Refrain from sitting about in the streets.' A Companion said to him: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, we have no alternative, there is no other place where we can sit and discuss matters.' He replied: 'In that case fulfill the obligations to the street.' He was asked: 'What is due to the street?' He replied: 'Restrain your glances, remove obstructions, reciprocate greetings, enjoin good and forbid evil.'" R 191 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related this.

%

| 191- : : : " !" : . : . . |

%

MEN ARE FORBIDDEN TO WEAR GOLD H H 192 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, noticed a man wearing a gold ring on his finger. He removed the ring and threw it away saying: 'Would anyone of you approach a burning coal and place it on his hand!' After the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, left, someone suggested: 'Pick the ring up and make use of it in some other way.' The man answered: 'The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, has thrown it away, I will never pick it up.'" R 192 Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

%

| 192- : : : : " " : : . . |

%

HARSHNESS H H 193 "Son, I (A'iaih son of Amr) heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say: 'The worst ruler is the one who deals harshly with people. Beware, in case you become one.' Ubaidullah said to him: 'Sit down, you are just like chaff among the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him," He asked: 'And was there chaff among them? Surely, chaff came later among others.'" R 193 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Hasan Basri who related that A'aih son of Amr visited Ubaidullah son of Zaid and said to him this.

%

| 193- : : " " : " " . |

%

WHEN SUPPLICATIONS WILL NOT BE HEARD H 194 "By Him in whose Hands is my life, you should continue to do good and forbid evil, if you do not Allah will certainly afflict you with a punishment from Him - then your supplications will not be heard!" R 194 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Huzaifah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 194- : : " " : " " . |

%

SPEAKING THE TRUTH TO A TYRANT H 195 "Of the highest form of striving (jihad) is to say that which is just to a tyrant." R 195 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 195- : : : : " " . " " : : . |

%

JIHAD OF THE TONGUE H H 196 "As a person was putting his foot in his stirrup, he asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, 'What is of the highest form of striving (jihad)?' He answered: 'Telling the truth to a tyrant.'" R 196 Nisai with a chain up to Tariq son of Shehab who related this.

%

| 196- : : : " : ǡ " : ( ( - - ) ) [ : 78- 81 ] : " " : " " . : " " : " " . : "" : . " " : . |

%

ASSOCIATING WITH THOSE WHO DO NOT FEAR ALLAH H 197 "The first weakness to develop among the Children of Israel was when one meet another and advised him saying, 'Fear Allah and stop what you are doing, because it is unlawful.' The next day he met him again and found him doing the same, but this did not prevent him from eating, drinking and associating with him. It was on account their heedless association that Allah struck some of their hearts by the others. Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, recited: 'Those who disbelieved of the Children of Israel were cursed by the tongue of David and Jesus, the son of Mary, because they disobeyed and transgressed. They did not forbid one another from the wrongdoing they were committing. Evil is what they were doing. You see many of them taking the unbelievers as guides. Evil is that to which their souls forwarded them, that Allah is angered against them, and in the punishment they shall live for ever. Had they believed in Allah and the Prophet (Muhammad) and that which is sent down to him, they would not have taken them as guides. But many of them are evildoers.'" 5:78-81 Koran Then he continued: "Indeed, by Allah, you encourage good and forbid evil and seize the hand of the wrongdoer and persuade him to act justly and establish him firmly on the right. If you do not, Allah will join the hearts of some of you with the hearts of others and will curse you as he cursed them. When the Children of Israel became sinful their knowledgeable people forbade them, but they would not stop. Yet the religious leaders themselves associated with them eating and drinking. So they were cursed by the tongue of David and Jesus, the son of Mary because they were disobedient and transgressed. At that point the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, who had been leaning back on a pillow sat up and said: 'No, no, by Him in whose Hands is my life, there is no escape for you but that you persuade them to act justly.'" R 197 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abdullah son of Mas'ud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 197- : : : ( ) [ : 105 ] : " " . |

%

PUTTING THINGS RIGHT H H 198 "O believers, recite this verse: 'Believers, look after your own souls, he who goes astray cannot harm you if you are guided. You shall all return to Allah, and He will inform you of what you have done.' 5:105 Koran I (Abu Bakr) heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say: 'When the people see a wrongdoer committing a wrong and do not seize his hand to restrain him, it is most likely that Allah would afflict them both with His punishment.'" R 198 Abu Daud, Tirmidhi and Nisai with a chain up to Abu Bakr Siddique who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 44 ] : ( ) [ : 2-3 ] : ( ) [ :88 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 24 THE ANGER OF ALLAH UPON THOSE WHO ACT OPPOSITE TO WHAT THEY SAY Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Would you order righteousness on others and forget it yourselves? Yet you recite the Book, have you no sense?" 2:44 Koran "Believers, why do you say what you never do? It is most hateful to Allah that you should say that which you do not do. 61:2-3 Koran "... I do not desire to go behind you, taking for myself that which I forbid you...." 11:88 Koran

%

| 198- : : " : : " . : "" . "" : . |

%

THE CONDITION OF THE HYPOCRITE H 199 "On the Day of Judgement there will be a man brought and thrown into the Fire. His intestines will burst forth from his belly and he will clutch them going round in circles like a donkey treads a mill. The Companions of the Fire will gather round him and say: 'What is this? Didn't you encourage good and forbid evil?' He will say: 'That is so, I encouraged good, but did not do it; and I forbade evil but did it.'" R 199 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Osama son of Zaid who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 58] : ( ) [ : 72 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 25 OBLIGATION TO RETURN THINGS TO THEIR OWNERS Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Allah orders you all to hand back trusts to their owners...." 4:58 Koran "We offered the trust to the heavens, and the earth, and the mountains, but they refused to bear it, and were afraid of it, and the human carried it. Surely, he is a harmdoer, and ignorant." 33:72 Koran

%

| 199- : : " : " . : " " . |

%

CHARACTERISTICS OF HYPOCRISY p H 200 "A hypocrite has three distinctive characteristics: when he talks he lies, when he makes a promise he breaks it, and when something is entrusted to him he embezzles it. Even if he prays, fasts and considers himself a Muslim." R 200 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 200- : : : " " " : : ! ! ! " . : " . : "" : "" : . "" : . : "" : . : "" : . |

%

DISAPPEARANCE OF TRUST H H 201 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told us two things, one of which I (Huzaifah) have seen fulfilled, and of the other I am still waiting. He told us that trust is embedded in the hearts of mankind. Then the Koran was sent down and they learned about it from the Koran and from his practice. Then he told us about the disappearance of trust saying: 'A man will go to sleep and his trust will be lifted from his heart leaving only a mark on his heart like a blister, similar to a mark left by a spark of fire on the skin of your foot. It inflates but is empty inside.' Then he took a pebble and started throwing it towards his foot and continued: 'People will go on buying and selling, but not one of them will be a trustworthy man, to the extent that it will be said: Among such and such a tribe there is one man who is trustworthy. Of the man of the world it will be said how clever, handsome and intelligent he is; yet he will not have a grain of faith in his heart that would amount to a mustard seed. " Huzaifah added: "There was a time when I did not mind with whom I did business, if he was a Muslim then his faith was a sufficient guarantee, and if he was a Jew or a Christian his guardian sufficed as guarantor. However, today I do not do business except with so and so." R 201 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Huzaifah, son of Yaman who related this.

%

| 201- : : " : : ! . : : . : : " : : " : " . . : " " . : : . . |

%

CROSSING THE BRIDGE OVER HELL H 202 "On the Day of Judgement, Allah, the Glorified, the Exalted, will assemble mankind and the believers will stand near Paradise. They will approach Adam first and ask him: 'Father, ask for Paradise to be opened for us.' He will answer them: 'Wasn't it the fault of your father that brought about your expulsion from the Garden? I am not qualified to ask for this, go to my son Abraham, the Friend of Allah.' Then they will approach Abraham, and he will say to them: 'I am not qualified to do this. I was the Friend of Allah a long time ago. Speak to Moses with whom Allah talked at great length.' So they will go to Moses and he will say to them: 'I do not have what you want, go to Jesus, the Word of Allah and a (created) spirit from Him.' He will also say: "I am not qualified to do this." Then they will come to me (Muhammad), praise and peace be upon him. I will come forward and be granted permission to intercede. Trust and kinship will be released and stand at either side of me on the right and left side of the Bridge. The first group among you will pass over the Bridge with the speed of lightning. We asked: 'May our fathers and mothers be your ransom, what is the speed of lightning?' He replied: 'Haven't you seen how lightning flashes forth and back in the twinkling of an eye?' Then, those who follow will pass over with the speed of the wind, followed by those with the speed of flying birds, followed by those with the speed of running men, according to the quality of their deeds. Your Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, will continue to stand at the Bridge, supplicating: 'O Lord, make it peaceful, make it peaceful.' When the worshiper's deeds become incapable the speed will slow down until a man will come who will be unable to walk, only crawl. On both sides of the Bridge will hang hooks which will attach themselves to those they are commanded to seize. Therefore they are either snatched and saved or piled up in Hell." Abu Hurairah added: "By Him in whose Hands is the life of Abu Hurairah, the depth of Hell is equal to the traveling of seventy years!" R 202 Muslim with a chain up to Huzaifah and Abu Hurairah relate that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 202- - - : : : . : . : . : : . : : : . : : . : . : : . : ! : : . : . : : : : : : : : : : . : : ݡ : : : : . : : : : . : : : : . . . . |

%

REPAYMENT OF DEBTS H H 203 "When Zubair stood up prepared to fight on the day of the battle of Jamal, he called me so I (Abdullah, son of Zubair) went and stood at his side. He said: 'My son, whoever is killed today will be either a wrongdoer or one who is wronged. I am sure I shall be one of those killed this day who are wronged. My greatest concern is my debt. Do you think that anything will be left over from our property after the repayment of my debts? My son, sell our property and pay my debts. If anything remains after the repayment give one ninth of it to your sons.' He continued to instruct me about his debts and then said: 'My son, should you find yourself unable to repay any portion of my debt then go to my Master and seek His help.' I did not understand what he meant so I asked: 'Father, who is your Master?' He replied: 'Allah.' So whenever I faced difficulty in the repayment of any part of his debt, I supplicated saying: 'O Master of Zubair, repay his debt; and He repaid it.' When Zubair was martyred, he left no money, but he left some land; one piece in Ghabah, eleven houses in Medina, two in Basra, one in Kufa and another in Egypt. The reason for his indebtedness was that when someone came to him and asked him to keep something in trust for him. Zubair, fearing it might be lost, would not agree to accept it as a trust, so he took it as a loan. He would neither accept a governorship, revenue office, nor any public office. He fought along with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, Abu Bakr, Omar and Othman. I prepared a statement of his debts and they were counted. Hizam met me and asked: 'Nephew, how much debt is due from my brother?' I concealed the actual state of affairs and said: 'A hundred thousand.' Hakim said: 'I do not think your assets will cover that much.' I said: 'What would you think if the amount was two million, two thousand?' He said: 'I do not think that this is within your capacity. If you are unable to repay any portion of it call upon me for help.' Zubair had purchased the land in Ghabah for one hundred and seventy thousand. Abdullah sold it for one million, six hundred thousand, and announced that whosoever had a claim against Zubair should meet him in Ghabah. Abdullah son of Ja'far came to him and said: 'Zubair owed me four hundred thousand, but I will release him from the debt if you wish.' Abdullah replied: 'No.' Ibn Ja'far said: 'If you wish for a postponement I will postpone the recovery of the debt.' Abdullah said: 'No.' So Ibn Ja'far said: 'In that case measure out a plot for me.' So Abdullah marked out a plot and sold the land to repay his father's debt. After the repayment there remained four sixteenths of land. Later, he visited Mu'awiah, who had with him at the time, Amr the son of Othman, Munzir the son of Zubair, and the son of Zam'ah. Mu'awiah asked Abdullah: 'What price did you ask for the land in Ghabah?' He replied: 'One hundred thousand for a sixteenth.' Mu'awiah inquired: 'How much of it is left?' Abdullah said: 'Four and a half sixteenths.' Munzir son of Zubair said: 'I will take one sixteenth for one hundred thousand.' Amr son of Othman said: 'I will also take one sixteenth for one hundred thousand.' Ibn Zam'ah said: 'I too will take one sixteenth for one hundred thousand.' Then Mu'awiah asked: 'How much of it is now left?' Abdullah replied: 'One and a half sixteenths.' So Mu'awiah said: 'I will take it for one hundred and fifty thousand.' Later, Abdullah son of Ja'far sold to Mu'awiah his share for six hundred thousand. When Abdullah son of Zubair had finished paying his debts the children of Zubair asked: 'Now distribute the inheritance among us.' He replied: 'I will not be able to do this until after I have announced: Let anyone who has a claim against Zubair come forward so that it can be repaid until four successive pilgrimage seasons have been completed.' After he made this announcement during the four seasons he distributed the inheritance among the heirs of Zubair according to his directions. Zubair had four wives, each of them received one million, two hundred thousand. The total of Zubair's estate amounted to fifty million, two hunndred thousand." R 203 Bukhari with a chain up to Abdullah son of Zubair who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ :18 ] : ( ) [ :71 ] . : . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 26 PROHIBITION OF CRUELTY AND INJUSTICE Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: ".... the harmdoers will not have a single, loyal friend, and there will be no intercessor to be obeyed." 40:18 Koran ".... Indeed, the harmdoers shall have no helpers." 22:71 Koran

%

| 203- : : " . . " . |

%

RESULT OF MISERLINESS H 204 "Avoid doing harm. Because indeed, doing harm is darkness on the Day of Resurrection. Safeguard yourselves against miserliness, for miserliness has ruined nations before you. It incited them to murder and to treating unlawful sexual practice (fornication and sodomy) as lawful." R 204 Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 204- : : " " . |

%

FINAL ACCOUNT H 205 "Allah will enforce the settlement of all that is due on the Day of Judgement. Even the wrong doing of a horned goat to a hornless goat will be settled." R 205 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 205- : : " . " : : " " " - - : " . |

%

FALSE MESSIAH H H 206 "When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was with us we were discussing the meaning of "Farewell Pilgrimage", we had not understood the expression until he stood up and praised Allah, and talked at length about the anti-christ. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told us: 'Every Prophet sent by Allah has warned his nation against his (the anti-christ's) mischief. Noah warned and so did all the prophets after him. If he appears among you, his appearance will not be unknown to you. It is well known to you that your Lord is not one-eyed, but the anti-christ is one-eyed. His right eye is like a floating grape. Beware, Allah has prohibited you from shedding each other's blood and the theft of one another's possessions, like the sanctity of this day and this month. Listen, have I conveyed the Message of Allah?' The Companions replied: 'Yes.' Then he supplicated: 'Bear witness, O Allah' and repeated it three times. He concluded: 'Woe to you, take heed and do not revert to disbelief after I am gone, some of you slaying others.'" R 206 Bukhari and part in Muslim with a chain up to Ibn Omar who related this.

%

| 206- : : " " . |

%

THEFT OF LAND H 207 "He who did harm by means of taking a span of a hand of land (encroachment) wrongfully will have seven earths suspended around his neck." R 207 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha may Allah be pleased with her, who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 207- : : " " : ( ) [ : 102] . |

%

RESPITE OF THE WRONGDOER H 208 "Allah respites a wrongdoer, then once He has seized him He does not let go. Then he recited: 'Such is the seizing of your Lord, when He seizes the evildoing villages. His seizing is painful, stern.'" 11:102 Koran R 208 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 208- : : " " . |

%

INVITE NON-MUSLIMS TO ISLAM H H 209 "The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, appointed me (Mu'az) to be a governor saying: 'A group of the People of the Book will come to you. Invite them to bear witness that there is no god except Allah and that I am His Messenger. Once they have accepted this tell them that Allah has prescribed for them five prayers during the day and night. Then when they have submitted to this, tell them that Allah has made it obligatory to pay the charity tax which will be collected from the wealthy among them and distributed among the poor. After they have agreed to this do not take their most valuable possessions for this purpose. Guard yourself against the cry of one who is wronged, for between that cry and Allah there is no barrier!'" R 209 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Mu'az who related this.

%

| 209- : : : : " : " : " " . |

%

COLLECTION OF THE OBLIGATORY CHARITY H H 210 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, appointed a man from the tribe of Azd named ibn al-Lutbiyyah to be the collector of the obligatory charity. When he returned from his assignment he reported: 'I have collected this and this for the obligatory charity, and this, and these have been given to me as gifts. Thereupon the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, ascended the pulpit, praised and glorified Allah and said: ' I appointed a man from among you to carry out one of the obligations Allah has entrusted to me. He has returned and said: This is yours and this has been given to me as a gift. If he is telling the truth why didn't he stay in the house of his father or mother so that his gifts came to him there - IF HE IS TRUTHFUL -? By Allah, if any one of you takes anything unrightfully he will meet Allah on the Day of Judgement carrying that thing. Do not let me see any of you meeting Allah carrying a grunting camel or a mooing cow or a bleating goat!' Then he raised his arms so high that the white of his armpits became visible and he supplicated: O Allah, I have conveyed Your command. He repeated this thrice." R 210 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hamid Sa'idi who related this.

%

| 210- : " " . |

%

FULFILLMENT OF OBLIGATIONS H 211 "If a Muslim has an obligation towards his brother concerning his honor or something else, let him fulfill it today before a time comes when he has neither dinars nor dirhams. Because, if he does not do so, and he has acquired some good deeds, a proportion of those good deeds will be taken from him equal to his obligation. However, if he does not have any good deeds he will be burdened proportionately with the evil deeds of the person whom he wronged." R 211 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 211- : " " . |

%

CHARACTERISTICS OF A MUSLIM H 212 "A Muslim is one who does not harm another Muslim by his tongue or hands. A migrant is one who abandons that which Allah has forbidden." R 212 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Amr, son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 212- : : " " . . |

%

STEALING H H 213 "In charge of the personal effects of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was a man named Kirkira. When he died the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'He is in the Fire.' Some people went search of a reason and found a cloak which he had stolen." R 213 Bukhari with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Amr son of Al 'As who related this. AN EXAMPLE OF THE COMPANIONS WILLINGNESS TO

%

| 213- : " : : : " : : " " : . : " " : . : " " : . : " " : . : " " : . : " " : " " : . : " " . |

%

CONCEDE THEIR KNOWLEDGE H 214 "Time is running in the same manner as it was on the day Allah created the heavens and the earth. A year has twelve months, four of which are sacred, three are consecutive; Dhul Qa'ad, Dhul Hajj and Muharram. Rajab falls between Jumadi and Sha'aban. Then he asked: 'What month is this?' We replied: 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He remained silent and we thought he would rename it. Then he said: 'Isn't it Dhul Hajj?' We answered: 'Yes, indeed.' Then he asked: 'Which city is this?' We answered: 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He remained silent and we thought he would rename it. Then he said: 'Isn't it the Sacred City?' We replied: 'Yes, indeed.' Then he asked: 'What day is this?' We replied: 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He remained silent and we thought he would rename it. Then he said: 'Isn't it the Day of Sacrifice?' We replied: 'Yes, indeed.' Then he said: 'Your blood, possessions and your honor are as sacred as this sacred day, this City and this month. Soon you will meet your Lord and He will call you to account for your deeds. So do not return to disbelief after I am gone, slaying each other. Let those present convey this to those who are absent. Perhaps, he who is told may remember it better than one who hears it today.Then he asked: 'Have I conveyed the command of Allah; have I conveyed the command of Allah?' We replied: 'Yes.' Then he supplicated: 'Allah, bear witness.'" R 214 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Nufai' son of Harith who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 214- : : " " : : " " . |

%

PROPERTY OF ANOTHER H 215 "Allah has decreed the Fire for anyone who usurps the property of a Muslim through a false oath and therewith bars him from Paradise. A Companion asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, even if it is insignificant?' He replied: 'Even if it is the twig of an Arak bush.'" R 215 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Umamah Iyas son of Harithi who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 215- : : " " : : " " : ǡ : " : " . |

%

PUBLIC OFFICE, EMBEZZLEMENT H 216 "If I appoint one of you to public office and you conceal a needle or even less, that is embezzlement, and on the Day of Judgement he will be called upon to produce it. Then a man with a dark complexion from the tribe of Ansar stood up - I recall him as if I see him before me now - and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, take back from me your assignment.' He asked: 'What is the matter?' The man replied: 'I have just heard you say this and this.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'I repeat, anyone I appoint to public office must render an account of everything no matter whether it is large or small. What he is given he may have, but what he is forbidden must be avoided.'" R 216 Muslim with a chain up to Adiyy son of Umairah, who related that he heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 216- : : : . : " - -" . |

%

REWARD OF THEFT H H 217 "On the day of the battle of Khybar, a group of the Companions of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, came saying: 'So and so has become a martyr, so and so has become a martyr.' Then they passed by a corpse and remarked: 'He is also a martyr.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Indeed no, I have seen him in the Fire in a cloak he stole.'" R 217 Muslim with a chain up to Omar son of Khattab who related this.

%

| 217- : : : " " : " " : : " " . |

%

DEBTS MUST BE REPAID H H 218 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, stood up and gave a sermon in the course of which he said that belief in Allah and fighting in His Cause were the highest category of deeds. A man stood up and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, tell me, if I am killed in the Cause of Allah, would all my sins be removed from me?' He answered: 'Yes, if you are killed in the Cause of Allah and are patient, looking forward to your reward, marching onwards; and not retreating.'" Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked him: 'Repeat what you said, 'So the man repeated: 'Tell me, if I am killed in the Cause of Allah, would all my sins be removed from me?' He answered: 'Yes, if you are killed when you are patient, looking forward to your reward, marching onwards not turning away. But if you owe a debt, that will not be remitted. Gabriel (just) informed me of this.'" R 218 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Katadah Harith son of Ribi' who related this.

%

| 218- : : " " : : " " . |

%

ARE YOU A PAUPER? H 219 "Do you know who is a pauper? The Companions replied: 'A pauper is one who has nothing, neither cash nor property.' He said: 'The pauper among my nation is one who comes on the Day of Judgement with a good record of prayer, fasting, and charity but has abused someone, slandered, stolen the possessions of another, killed or beaten someone. Those who were oppressed will each receive a portion of his good deeds. If his good deeds are insufficient, then their sins will be transferred from them to him and he will be thrown into the Fire.'" R 219 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked this.

%

| 219- : : " " . " " : . |

%

THE PRESENTATION OF DISPUTES H 220 "I am only a human being. Disputes are brought to me for a decision. It is possible that one party may be more capable of presenting his case than the other and I might decide in his favor according to what I hear. But if I decide in favor of one contrary to the right of the other, I have assigned a brand of fire to him." R 220 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Umm Salamah the wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers who related: The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 220- : : " " . |

%

SECURITY H 221 "A believer continues to be secure in his faith so long as he does not shed blood unjustly." R 221 Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Omar who related: The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 221- : : " " . |

%

PROPERTY OF ALLAH H 222 "Many people deal unjustly with the property of Allah. For them is the Fire on the Day of Judgement.'" R 222 Bukhari with a chain up to Khaulah daughter of 'Amir who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 30 ] : ( ) [ : 32 ] : ( ) [ : 88 ] : ( ) [ : 32 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 27 RESPECTING MUSLIMS, THE RIGHTS AND BEING MERCIFUL TO THEM Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "All that; and whosoever venerates the sacred rites of Allah it shall be better for him with his Lord." 22:30 Koran "All that; and, he who venerates the waymarks of Allah, surely it is from the piety of their hearts." 22:32 Koran ".... and lower your wing to the believers." 15:88 Koran "That was why We wrote for the Children of Israel that who ever killed a soul, except for a soul slain, or for sedition in the earth, it should be considered as though he had killed all mankind; and that who ever saved it should be regarded as though he had saved all mankind....." 5:32 Koran

%

| 222- : : " " . . |

%

STRENGTHEN EACH OTHER H 223 "The relationship between a believer and another is like parts of a building, each part strengthens the other. Then he gripped the fingers of one hand between those of the other to demonstrate." R 223 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 223- : : " " . |

%

HANDLING WEAPONS H 224 "Whoever passes through our mosques or streets carrying something and has an arrow with him, should be stopped or cover its point with his hand in case it harms a Muslim." R 224 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 224- : : " " . |

%

BE CONCERNED FOR OTHER MUSLIMS H 225 "In their mutual love, kindness, and compassion towards each other, Muslims can be compared to the human body; when one of its limbs is afflicted the whole of it is affected in its waking and fever." R 225 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Nu'man son of Bashir who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 225- : : . : " !" . |

%

BE AFFECTIONATE TO YOUR CHILDREN H H 226 The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, kissed his grandson Hasan, the son of Ali. Aqr'a the son of Habis was with them at that time and said: 'I have ten sons and have never kissed any of them.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, looked at him and said: 'He who has no compassion will receive none.'" R 226 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

%

| 226- : : : "" : ! : " !" . |

%

KISS YOUR CHILDREN H H 227 "Some Arab Bedouins came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and asked 'Do you kiss your children?' He answered: 'Yes.' Then they said: 'We never kiss ours.' He said: 'Can I help it if Allah has taken compassion from your hearts?'" R 227 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

%

| 227- : : " " . |

%

HOW TO RECEIVE MERCY FROM ALLAH H 228 "Allah has no mercy upon one who has no mercy upon others." R 228 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Jarir son of Abdullah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 228- : : " " . : " " . |

%

LENGTH OF PRAYER H 229 "When any of you lead the prayer he should not make it long, because there are those in the congregation who are weak, ill or old. When you pray alone you can pray as long as you like." Another narration adds: "and those who have matters to attend." R 229 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 229- : . . |

%

RESTRAINT H H 230 "On occasions the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would not do something he wanted to do fearing that others might follow him and that it might then become obligatory." R 230 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

%

| 230- : : : " " . |

%

DISCIPLINE OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him, H 231 "Out of compassion, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, forbade his Companions to fast continuously without a break. They commented: 'But you fast continuously.' He replied: 'I am not like you. In the night my Lord gives me food and drink.'" R 231 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

%

| 231- : : " " . |

%

PRAYERS WHEN YOUNG CHILDREN ARE PRESENT H 232 "I stand up to lead the prayer intending it to be long. Then I hear the cry of an infant so I shorten the prayer fearing I should make it burdensome for its mother." R 232 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Katadah Harith son of Ribi' who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 232- : : " " . |

%

PROTECTION OF ALLAH H 233 "Whosoever prays the Dawn prayer is protected by Allah. So let him go about during the day in a way that Allah will not take him to account for that which is due from him under this protection. If he is called upon and found wanting, he will be thrown into Hell." R 233 Muslim with a chain up to Jundab son of Abdullah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 233- : : " . " . |

%

BROTHERHOOD H 234 "A Muslim is the brother to another Muslim. He neither wrongs him nor does he hand him over to his enemy. Whosoever occupies himself relieving the need of a brother will find that Allah will occupy Himself relieving his need. Whosoever removes a difficulty from a Muslim will have a difficulty removed by Allah on the Day of Judgement. Whosoever conceals a fault of a Muslim will have his faults concealed by Allah on the Day of Judgement." R 234 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 234- : : " " : " " . |

%

OBLIGATIONS OF ONE MUSLIM TO ANOTHER H 235 "Muslims are brothers to one another. He should neither cheat, lie, nor humiliate him. Everything belonging to a Muslim is forbidden to another Muslim; his property and his blood.(Pointing to his heart he said:) Piety is here. It is evil for a person to look down upon his brother Muslim." R 235 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 235- : : " : - -- " . " " : . "" : . |

%

ASPECTS OF FAIR DEALING H 236 "Do not envy each other. Do not inflate the bidding at auctions, do not bear a grudge, do not turn away from each other, and do not make an offer during (another's) pending transaction. Be worshipers of Allah, brothers to each other. Muslims are brothers to each other. He neither wrongs him, looks down upon him, nor humiliates him. Piety is a matter of the heart. He repeated this thrice. It is evil for a person to look down upon his Muslim brother. Everything belonging to a Muslim is forbidden to another Muslim; his blood, property, and his honor." R 236 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 236- : " " . |

%

LOVE ONE ANOTHER H 237 "No one truly believes until he desires for his brother that which he desires for himself." R 237 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 237- : : " " : : " - - " . |

%

PREVENT WRONGDOING H 238 "Go to the help of your brother even if he does wrong or is wronged. A Companion asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I can help him if he is wronged, but tell me how can I help him if he does wrong?' He answered: 'Prevent him from doing what is wrong; that is helping him.'" R 238 Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 238- : : " : " . : " : " . |

%

OBLIGATIONS H 239 "There are five obligations owed by a Muslim to another: the return of his greeting, visiting him in sickness, attending his funeral, accepting his invitation, and saying: 'May Allah have mercy on you' after he has said: 'All praise is due to Allah' when he sneezed. In another narration: "There are six obligations owed by one Muslim to another. Upon meeting him he says: 'Peace be upon you.' When he invites you accept the invitation. When he asks your advice you advise him, When he sneezes and praises Allah, say to him: 'May Allah have mercy on you.' When he is sick you visit him. When he dies you attend his funeral." R 239 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 239- : : . . : . " " : . " " : . " " : . |

%

SEVEN THINGS H H 240 "The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, enjoined seven things upon us and forbade seven. He ordered us to: Visit the sick. Attend the funeral. Invoke the Mercy of Allah on one who sneezes. Fulfill promises. Help those who are wronged. Accept an invitation. Increase the greeting of peace. He forbade us to: Wear gold rings (men). Drink from silver vessels. Sit on red silk cushioned saddles. Wear garments made from a mixture of silk and cotton yarn. Wear pure silk. Heavy silk and brocade." "Announcement of lost property - is included in the first seven." R 240 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Bra'a son of 'Azib who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 19 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 28 CONCEALMENT OF THE SHORTCOMINGS OF MUSLIMS Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Those who love that indecency should be broadcast about those who believe - theirs is a painful punishment in this world and in the Everlasting Life...." 24:19 Koran

%

| 240- : " " . |

%

CONCEAL SHORTCOMINGS H 241 "On the Day of Judgement, Allah will conceal the shortcomings of those who conceal the shortcomings of another in this world." R 241 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 241- : : " : " . |

%

IMPORTANCE OF CONCEALING THE SHORTCOMINGS OF OTHERS H 242 "Everyone in my nation will be forgiven except those who expose the shortcomings of others. Exposure includes the person who discloses his own shortcoming committed during the night which Allah had concealed. In the morning he says: 'So and so, I did such a thing last night.' During the night Allah concealed it yet in the morning he himself disclosed it." R 242 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah, the Prophet peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 242- : " " . " " : . |

%

ADULTERY H 243 "If a slave-girl commits adultery and is proven guilty she should be punished but not be rebuked. If she commits it a second time she should be punished likewise, but if she commits it a third time she should be sold even for as little as a hair rope." R 243 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 243- : : "" : . : : " " . |

%

DO NO HELP SATAN, THE STONED AND CURSED H H 244 "A drunkard was brought to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and he said: 'Beat him.' Some of us beat him with our hands, others with shoes, and some with pieces of cloth. When he returned to his people someone said: 'May Allah disgrace you!' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Do not help satan against him by saying such words.'" R 244 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 77 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 29 HELPING Let us start by reading some verse from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Worship your Lord, and do good, in order that you prosper." 22:77 Koran

%

| 244- : : " . " . |

%

BONDING H 245 "A Muslim is the brother to another Muslim. He does not wrong him nor does he hand him over to his enemy. Whosoever occupies himself relieving the need of a brother will find that Allah will occupy Himself relieving his need. Whosoever removes a difficulty from a Muslim will have a difficulty removed by Allah on the Day of Judgement. Whosoever conceals a fault of a Muslim will have his faults concealed by Allah on the Day of Judgement." R 245 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 245- : " . . " . |

%

BLESSINGS H 246 "He who removes a burden from a believer in this world will have his burden removed by Allah on the Day of Judgement. Whosoever eases the hardship of another, will be given ease by Allah in this world and in the Everlasting Life. Whosoever conceals the faults of a Muslim will have his faults concealed in this world and in the Everlasting Life. Allah continues to help a worshiper as long as he continues helping his brother. Whosoever treads a path in search of knowledge, his path to Paradise is made easy for him by Allah. Whenever people gather in a House of Allah to read the Book of Allah and share its reading between them, peace descends upon them, and mercy covers them. The angels outspread their wings over them and Allah mentions them to those around Him. Whosoever is slow in (good) behavior will not have his deficiency made good because of the nobility of his birth." R 246 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 85 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 30 INTERCESSION Let us start by reading a verse from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Whosoever intercedes with a good intercession shall receive a share of it...." 4:85 Koran

%

| 246- : : " " . : " " . |

%

NEEDY PEOPLE H H 247 "Whenever a needy person came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, he would turn to those present and say: 'Intercede for him, you will have your reward. Allah causes His Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, to say what He wants.'" It is also narrated: "That which He wills." R 247 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related this.

%

| 247- : : " " : : " " : . . |

%

H 248 H "Concerning Burairah and her husband the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said to her: 'It is preferable that you go back to him.' She replied: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, do you order me?' He replied: 'I only intercede.' She said: 'I do not need him.'" R 248 Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 114 ] : ( ) [ : 128 ] : ( ) [ : 1 ] : ( ) [ : 10 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 31 RECONCILIATION Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "There is no good in much of their confiding, except for he who bids to charity, honor, or reforms between people. Whosoever does that for the sake of the pleasure of Allah, We shall give him a great wage." 4:114 Koran ".... reconciliation is better...." 4:128 Koran ".... have fear of Allah and set things right between you...." 8:1 Koran "The believers are indeed brothers...." 49:10 Koran

%

| 248- : : " : " . " " : . |

%

CHARITY H 249 "For each day on which the sun rises, charity is incumbent upon each limb of the human body. To bring about a just reconciliation between two parties is charity. Helping a person to mount his animal, or to load his baggage on to it is charity. A kind word is charity. Every step taken going to the mosque for prayer is charity. The removal of something causing an inconvenience from a street is charity." R 249 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 249- : : " " . : : . |

%

H 250 H "Whosoever brings about the reconciliation between people and attains good or says that which is good is not a liar. I (Umm Kulthum, daughter of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her), did not hear him approve of what most people say (when they lie) except in three situations: war, reforming between people, and talk between a husband and wife." R 250 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Umm Kulthum, daughter of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, related that she heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 250- : : : " " : . . " " : . " " : . " " : . |

%

ACT KINDLY H H 251 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, heard two men debating loudly with one another outside his door. One of them begged the other to agree to reduce the amount of the debt he owed him and to deal kindly with him. The other said: "By Allah, I shall not do it." The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, went out to them and asked: 'Which one of you is it who swears by Allah that he will not act kindly?' The man said: 'It is I, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, (then I am agreeable to) what ever he wants.'" R 251 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

%

| 251- : : : : " ! . : : . : " : . . " " : . |

%

HOW TO DRAW THE ATTENTION OF THE IMAM IF HE MAKES AN ERROR IN PRAYER H H 252 The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, learned that a dispute had arisen between members of the children of Amr, the son of Auf. He and some of his Companions went to reconcile between them and were detained by their hospitality. The time for prayer arrived and Bilal went to Abu Bakr and asked him: "The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, has been detained and it is time for prayer, will you lead the people in prayer?" He replied: "Yes, if you wish." Bilal made the call to prayer and Abu Bakr stepped forward and the prayer commenced. Then, the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, arrived and walked down the rows taking his place in the first row. Thereupon the worshipers began to clap (to signal his arrival). Abu Bakr was engrossed in the prayer and did not hear. The clapping increased and then he noticed the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, who signaled to him to remain in his place and continue with the prayer. But Abu Bakr raised his hands, praised Allah, stepped backwards and took his place in the row. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, stepped forward and led the prayer. When it was over he faced the congregation and said: 'When you encounter something during the prayer why do you start to clap? Clapping is only for women. When any of you encounter something during the prayer he should say: 'Exalted is Allah.' This is certain to draw attention. And, Abu Bakr, what stopped you from continuing to lead the prayer after I had signaled to you?' He replied: 'I did not think it fitting that the son of Abu Kahafah should lead the prayer in front of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him." R 252 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sahl son of Sa'ad Sa'idi who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 28 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 32 THE SUPERIORITY OF POOR AND WEAK MUSLIMS Let us start by reading a verse from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "And be patient with those who call to their Lord, in the morning and evening, desiring His Face." 18:28 Koran

%

| 252- : : " " . " " : . " " : : : : . |

%

INHABITANTS OF PARADISE AND OF THE FIRE H 253 "Shall I tell you who are the inhabitants of Paradise? Every weak person and those looked down upon; who, if he asks Allah by an oath, Allah will fulfill it. Now shall I tell you who are the inhabitants of the Fire? They are the people who are ignorant, impertinent, proud and arrogant." R 253 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Haritha the son of Wahb who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 253- : : " " : . : " " : . : " " . : "" : . : "" . |

%

OPINION OF PEOPLE H H 254 "A person passed by not far from the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and he asked one of the Companions sitting with him: 'What do you think of that one?' He replied: 'He is one of the most noble. If he proposed marriage his worthy proposal would be accepted; if he counsels his counseling is accepted.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, did not comment. Not long after another man passed by and he asked: 'What do you think of his one?' He answered: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, he is one of the poor Muslims. If he proposed marriage his proposal would not be accepted, if he offered advice his advice would be rejected, and if he spoke he would not be listened to.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'That one is better than the earth full of those like the former.'" R 254 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sahl the son of Sa'ad Sa'idi who related this.

%

| 254- : " : . : : " . |

%

PARADISE AND HELL H 255 "There was a debate between Paradise and Hell. Hell said: 'I shall encompass those who are tyrants and arrogant.' Paradise said: 'My inhabitants will be the weak and the needy.' Allah decided between them, saying: 'You are Paradise, My Mercy. Through you I will have mercy on whomsoever I will; and you are Hell, My Punishment. Through you I will punish whosoever I will. It is for Me to fill both of you.'" R 255 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 255- : " " . |

%

VALUE IN THE SIGHT OF ALLAH H 256 "On the Day of Judgement a famous, obese man will be brought forward whose value in the sight of Allah will be no more than the wing of a mosquito." R 256 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 256- : : . : " " : " " : " . " . : "" : . " " : " " : : . |

%

CARETAKER OF THE MOSQUE H H 257 "A dark-skinned woman (or perhaps young man) used to take care of the Mosque. One day the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, missed that person and made inquiries and was told that the person had died. He asked: 'Why didn't you tell me?' They had not considered the matter of any importance. So he said: 'Show me the grave' and he prayed over it saying: 'Graves cover those in them with darkness but Allah illuminates them for the inhabitants because of my intercession for them.'" R 257 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that:

%

| 257- : : " " . |

%

A MAN WHO IS CONSIDERED TO BE INSIGNIFICANT H 258 "Perhaps a man with ruffled hair, covered in dust is turned away from doors. However, if he asks Allah by an oath Allah will fulfill it." R 258 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 258- : " . " . " " : : . : "" : . |

%

SOME OF THE AFFAIRS DURING THE NIGHT OF ASCENT H 259 "On the night of the Ascent, I stood at the gate of Paradise and saw that the majority of those entering it were the poor; the wealthy were held back. Then those compelled to the Fire were ordered to it and I stood at the gate of Hell and saw that the majority of those who entered were women." R 259 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Osama who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 259- : " : : : . : : : : : . : : : : . : : : : : . : . : : " : " : : . : : : : : : : : ! : : : : " . " " . : . : " " : . " " : . " " : ǡ . |

%

THREE BABIES WHO SPOKE IN THEIR CRADLE H 260 "Three people spoke when they were in their cradle one of whom was Jesus, the son of Mary. There was a man called Juraij who was pious, a great worshiper who had built a sanctuary. One day when he was praying his mother came and called him. He supplicated: 'Lord, my mother and my prayers.' He continued with his worshiping and she returned. The next day she came again and called to him but he supplicated again: 'Lord, my mother and my prayers' and continued with his worshiping. The third day she came again and called to him and he supplicated once more saying: 'Lord, my mother and my prayers' and continued with his worshiping. She supplicated saying: 'O Allah, do not let him die until he has seen the face of a prostitute!' The piety of Juraij became a topic of conversation among the Children of Israel. Now among them was a beautiful prostitute. She told them: 'If you like, I can make trouble for Juraij.' She tried to seduce him but Juraij paid no attention to her. Then she went to a shepherd who lived near the sanctuary of Juraij and offered herself to him and became pregnant. After she had given birth she claimed that the child was Juraij's. The Children of Israel went to him and brought him out of his sanctuary, demolished it and beat him. He asked: 'Why are you doing this?' They replied: 'You committed adultery with this prostitute and she has borne your child!' He asked: 'Where is the child?' So they brought it to him. Then he said: 'Now leave me alone so that I might pray.' Then he prayed, and when he finished he picked up the child, sat it upon his knee and asked it: 'Who is your father?' The child replied: 'So and so, the shepherd.' Then the Children of Israel turned to Juraij, kissed him and touched him saying: 'We shall rebuild your sanctuary out of gold!' But he said: 'Rebuild it from clay just as it was.' So they did. The third was a boy who was being suckled by his mother when a man wearing fine clothes rode by on a fast, fine looking horse. The mother supplicated: 'Allah, make my son like him.' The infant released his mother's breast, turned and looked at the man and said: 'Allah, do not let me be like him.' Then he turned to his mother's breast and resumed the suckling. At this point the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, demonstrated the suckling of the child by putting his forefinger into his mouth and sucking it. Then he continued: Then some people passed by who were beating a young woman. Those who were beating her said: 'You have committed adultery and theft.' She said repeatedly: 'Sufficient for me is Allah, an Excellent Guardian is He.' The mother supplicated: 'O Allah, do let my son be like her.' Thereupon he stopped his suckling, looked at the young woman and said: 'O Allah, let me be like her.' Then a dialog between the mother and her son took place. She said to him: 'When a handsome, well to do man passed by and I supplicated: Allah, make my son like that one, you said: 'Allah, do not let me be like him.' Then, when some people passed by beating a young girl saying: 'You have committed adultery and theft, I supplicated: 'O Allah, do not let my son be like her', and you said: 'Allah, let me be like her.' The boy replied: 'The man is a tyrant, that is why I said: 'Allah, do not let me be like him.' As for the girl, they said that she had committed adultery but she had not. They also accused her of stealing but she is not a thief so I said: 'O Allah, let me be like her.'" R 260 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 88 ] : ( ) [ : 28 ] : ( ) [ : 9-10 ] : ( ) [ : 1-3 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 33 BEING PLEASANT TO ORPHANS, GIRLS, THE WEAK, NEEDY, DISADVANTAGED, BEING CHARITABLE, KIND AND HUMBLE TO THEM, LOWERING ONE'S WING TO THEM Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: ".... and lower your wing to the believers." 15:88 Koran "And be patient with those who call to their Lord in the morning and evening, desiring His Face. And do not turn your eyes away from them desiring the good things of this life, " 18:28 Koran "Do not oppress the orphan, nor drive away the one who asks." 93:9-10 Koran "Have you seen he who belied the Recompense? It is he who turns away the orphan and does not urge others to feed the needy." 107:1-3 Koran

%

| 260- : : . : ( ) [ : 52 ] . |

%

THOSE WHO CALL UPON THEIR LORD, MORNING AND EVENING H H 261 "There were six of us with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when the unbelievers said to him: 'Drive these people out of here, least they become familiar with us' - and we were, myself, ibn Masud, a man from the Huzail, Bilal, and two men whose names I do not recall - the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, thought in himself what Allah willed to occur, then Allah sent down: 'Do not drive away those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking only His Face....'" 6:52 Koran. R 261 Muslim with a chain up to Sa'ad son of Abi Waqqas who related this.

%

| 261- : : : : " " : : . . : "" : . : " " : . |

%

DO NOT OFFEND H H 262 "Abu Sufyan came with a group of people to Salman, Suhaib and Bilal. They said to him: 'Didn't the swords of Allah make the enemy of Allah pay the price?' Abu Bakr said to them: 'Do you speak like this to the Shaykh, the chieftain of the Koraysh?' Then he went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and related it to him. He said: 'Abu Bakr, perhaps you have offended them. If so, you have offended your Lord.' Abu Bakr went back to them and asked: 'Brothers, did I offend you?' They replied: 'No. May Allah forgive you, brother.'" R 262 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah 'Aiz the son of Amr Muzani who related this.

%

| 262- : : " " . . " " : . |

%

THE MERIT OF CARING FOR ORPHANS H 263 "Whosoever takes care of an orphan, he and I will be like this together in Paradise. To demonstrate the closeness, he raised his fore and middle finger joined together." R 263 Bukhari with a chain up to Sahl the son of Sa'ad who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 263- : : " " . . : " " : . |

%

ORPHANS AND PARADISE H 264 "Whosoever takes care of an orphan, related or otherwise, he and I will be like these two in Paradise. Then he raised his fore and middle fingers joined together to demonstrate." R 264 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 264- : : " " . : " " . |

%

DEFINITION OF A POOR PERSON H 265 "A poor person is not one who can be turned away with a date or two, or a few morsels. The one who is really poor is he, who, despite his poverty refrains from asking. A poor person is not the one who goes round asking people, who can be turned away with a morsel or two or a few dates. Indeed, it is one who does not have enough to suffice him, and does not disclose his poverty so that he might be given charity, neither does he stand up to ask." R 265 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 265- : " " : " " . |

%

LOOK AFTER WIDOWS AND THE NEEDY H 266 "He who works to support widows and the needy is like one who strives in the Cause of Allah." (The narrator also said that he thought that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, added:) "and like the one who stands praying all night, never stopping, and like the one who fasts and never breaks it." R 266 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 266- : " " . : " " . |

%

UNINVITED GUESTS H 267 "The worst food is the food served at a wedding feast to which those who would have liked to come are uninvited, and to which those who are invited do not wish to attend. He who declines the invitation disobeys Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him. The worst food is the food served at a wedding feast to which the rich are invited and from which the poor are excluded." R 267 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 267- : " " . . " " : . |

%

BLESSINGS OF RAISING GIRLS H 268 "Whosoever raises two girls from childhood to maturity will appear on the Day of Judgment joined to me like two fingers of a hand. Then he joined his two fingers." R 268 Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 268- : : " " . |

%

TREAT DAUGHTERS WELL H H 269 "A woman came with her two daughters to me (Lady Ayesha) begging. I had nothing to give except a single date which I gave to her. She divided it between her daughters but did not eat any of it herself. Then she got up and left. When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, came, I told him about it. He said: 'One who is tried raising daughters and treats them well will find that they will become the shield from the Fire.'" R 269 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

%

| 269- : : " " . |

%

FREEDOM FROM THE FIRE H H 270 "A poor woman came to me with her two daughters. I (Lady Ayesha) gave her three dates. She gave one to each daughter and was about to eat the third when her daughters asked for it. So she broke it into two and gave half to each of her daughters. I was touched by her action and mentioned what she had done to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, he said: 'Allah has appointed Paradise for her because of this.' Or he said: 'Allah has freed her from the Fire because of this.'" R 270 The Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

%

| 270- : : " : " . " " : . |

%

RIGHTS OF THE WEAK H 271 "Allah, I declare sinful, the failure to safeguard the rights of two weaklings; orphans and women." R 271 Nisai with a chain up to Abu Shuraih Khuwailad the son of Amr Khuza'I who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 271- : : " " . |

%

PROVISION H H 272 "Sa'ad thought he was superior to those who were not as affluent as he. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'You are helped and provided for because of the weak and poor among you.'" R 272 Bukhari with a chain up to Mus'ab the son of Sa'ad, son of Abi Waqqas who related this.

%

| 272- : : " " . |

%

HELP THE WEAK H 273 "Look for me among the weak, because you are helped and provided for on account of the weak among you." R 273 Abu Daud with a chain up to Abu Darda' who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ :19 ] : ( ) [ : 129 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 34 THE ORDER TO TREAT WOMEN WELL Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Believers, it is unlawful for you to inherit women forcefully, neither bar them in order that you go off with part of what you have given them, except when they commit a clear indecency. Live with them honorably...." 4:19 Koran "You will not be able to be just between your women, even though you are eager. Do not be altogether partial so that you leave her as if she were suspended. If you reform and are cautious, Allah is the Forgiver, the Merciful." 4:129 Koran

%

| 273- : : " " . : " " . : " " . : "" . |

%

TREAT WOMEN KINDLY H 274 "Treat women kindly. Woman was created from a rib and the most bent part of the rib is the uppermost. If you try to straighten it you will break it, but if you leave it alone it will remain bent. So treat women kindly. A woman is like a rib; if you try to straighten it you will break it. If you wish to benefit from her you can do so regardless of its bending. Woman has been created from a rib and you cannot straighten her. If you wish to benefit from her do so regardless of the bend. If you try to straighten her you will break her, and breaking her means divorce." R 274 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 274- : : ( ( " : " " : " ! " . " " : : "" : . |

%

DO NOT ABUSE YOUR WIFE H H 275 "I (Abdullah son of Zam'a) heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, deliver a sermon in which he mentioned the she-camel of Prophet Salih and the one who hamstrung her. He recited: 'When the most wicked of them broke forth' (91:12 Koran) and explained that this referred to a distinguished, wicked and most powerful chief of the people who jumped up. After this he mentioned women and said: 'Some of you beat your wives as if they were slaves, and then sleep with them at the end of the day!' Then someone passed wind and he admonished the people for laughing saying: 'Why do you laugh at someone when you do the same?' R 275 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Zam'a who related this.

%

| 275- : : " " : "" . : "" : : : . |

%

LOOK FOR THE BEST IN YOUR SPOUSE H 276 "No believing husband should bear hatred to his believing wife. If he dislikes one quality in her, he should look for another quality which is pleasing." R 276 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 276- : : " " : " " . : "" : : . " " : : " " : . |

%

RIGHTS OF WIVES AND HUSBANDS H 277 "Treat women kindly, they are like captives in your hands. You are not owed anything by them except that (she protects her husband's rights in herself and in his wealth). If they are guilty of clear indecency you may leave them alone in their beds and slap them gently. Then if they obey you, you do not have recourse to anything else against them. You have your rights concerning your wives and they have their rights concerning you. Your right is that they shall not permit anyone you dislike to enter your home nor sit on your soft furnishings. Their right is that you should be generous to them in their clothing and food." R 277 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Amr son of Ahwas Jashmi who related that after the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had praised Allah and Exalted Him during his Farewell Pilgrimage sermon he heard him say this.

%

| 277- : : : " " : " " : : . |

%

DO NOT STRIKE YOUR WIFE ON THE FACE H H 278 "Mu'awiah asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, 'What are the rights of a wife from her husband?' He replied: 'Feed her when you feed yourself; clothe her when you clothe yourself, do not strike her on the face, do not abuse her and do not abandon her except inside the house.'" R 278 Abu Daud with a chain up to Mu'awiah son of Haidah who related this.

%

| 278- : : " " : " " . |

%

PERFECT BELIEVER H 279 "In belief, the most perfect believer is the one who behaves best, and the best among you are those who behave best towards their wives." R 279 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 279- : : " " : : " " . : "" : : "" : . |

%

DO NOT BEAT FEMALE WORSHIPERS H 280 "Do not beat the female worshipers of Allah. Some time later Omar came to him saying: 'Our women have become very audacious towards their husbands.' So he permitted them to be smacked. Thereafter a large number of women came to the wives of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with them, and complained against their husbands. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, announced: 'Many women have come to my wives complaining against their husbands. Such men are not the best among of you!'" R 280 Abu Daud with a chain up to Iyas son of Abdullah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, warned this.

%

| 280- : : " " . |

%

VALUE OF A GOOD WOMAN H 281 "The world is but an enjoyment and the best enjoyment of the world is a good woman." R 281 Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah son of Amr son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 34 ] . . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 35 RIGHTS OF A HUSBAND Let us start by reading a verse from the Koran Allah, the Exalted, says: "Men are the maintainers of women for that Allah has preferred in bounty one of them over another, and for that they have spent of their wealth. Righteous women are obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah has guarded...." 4:34 Koran

%

| 281- : : " " . : " " . : " " . |

%

CURSE OF THE ANGELS H 282 "When a husband calls his wife to his bed and she does not come and he spends the night angry with her, the angels curse her through the night." We are informed: "When a wife spends the night away from her husband's bed, the angels curse her through the night." "By Him in whose Hands is my life, when a husband calls his wife to his bed and she refuses him, He who is in heaven is angry with her till her husband is pleased with her." R 282 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 282- : : " " . |

%

PERMISSION REQUIRED TO FAST VOLUNTARILY H 283 "It is not permissible for a woman to fast voluntarily when her husband is at home, unless he gives her permission. Nor should she permit anyone to enter his house without his permission." R 283 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 283- ǡ : " : " . |

%

ACCOUNTABILITY H 284 "Every one of you is a guardian and is held accountable for that which he is entrusted. A ruler is a guardian and is held accountable for that which is in his care. A man is a guardian in respect of his household, a woman is a guardian in respect of her husband's house and his children. Therefore each one of you is a guardian accountable for whatever is in your care." R 284 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ibn Omar who related: the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 284- : : " " . : " " . : " " : " " . |

%

NEEDS OF ONE'S HUSBAND H 285 "When a man calls his wife to satisfy his desire, she should go to him even if she is making bread." R 285 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this and Nisai with a chain up to Abu Ali Talq son of Ali who related the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 286- : : " " : " " . |

%

REWARD FOR PLEASING ONE'S HUSBAND H 286 "If a woman dies and her husband is pleased with her she will enter Paradise." R 286 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Lady Umm Salamah, wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 287- : " ! " : " " . |

%

DO NOT ANGER YOUR HUSBAND H 287 "Whenever a woman angers her husband, his Companion from among the houris of Paradise says to her: 'May Allah ruin you, do not anger him because he is only your guest and will soon leave you to come to us.'" R 287 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Mu'az son of Jabal who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 288- : " " . |

%

TRIAL H 288 "I am not leaving a more harmful trial for men than women." R 288 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Osama son of Zaid who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 233 ] : ( ) [ : 7 ] : ( ) [ : 39 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 36 FAMILY EXPENDITURE Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "... it is for the father to provide for them and clothe them with kindness..." 2:233 Koran "Let the rich spend according to his wealth and for he whose provision is little, let him spend from what Allah has given him. Allah does not charge a soul except with that He has given him. Surely, Allah will bring ease after difficulty." 65:7 Koran "..... Whatsoever you expend He will replace it....." 34:39 Koran

%

| 289- : : " " . |

%

HIGHEST REWARD FOR CHARITY H 289 "Of the dinar you spend in the Cause of Allah; the dinar you spend to procure the freedom of a slave; the dinar you give in charity to the poor and the dinar you spend on your wife and children, the highest in reward is for the one you spend on your wife and children." R 289 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 290- : : : " : " . |

%

BEST FORMS OF CHARITY H 290 "The best dinars spent are those spent on one's wife and children, the dinar spent on his horse in the Cause of Allah, and the dinar spent on his Companions in the Cause of Allah." R 290 Muslim with a chain up to Thauban son of Buhdud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 291- : : : " " . |

%

REWARD FOR SPENDING ON YOUR CHILDREN H H 291 "She (Lady Umm Salamah, may Allah be pleased with her), asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, 'Will I receive a reward if I spend on my children from my first husband? I cannot leave them running about here and there in search of a living.'" He answered: 'Yes, you will receive a reward for whatever you spend on them.'" R 291 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Umm Salamah wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers related this.

%

| 292- : : " " . |

%

REWARD FOR SEEKING THE PLEASURE OF ALLAH H 292 "During a long conversation the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told Sa'ad, 'Whatever you spend seeking thereby the pleasure of Allah will have its reward, even that which you put in the mouth of your wife.'" R 292 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sa'ad son of Abi Waqqas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 293- : " " . |

%

CHARITY TO ONE'S FAMILY H 293 "When a person spends on his wife and children hoping for a reward, it is a charitable act." R 293 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Mas'ud Badri who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 294- : : " " . : " " . |

%

DENYING A DEPENDENT H 294 "It is a sin for a person to deny the right of a dependent. It is indeed a sin for a person to withhold what is due from one whose living depends upon him." R 294 Abu Daud and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Amr, son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 295- : : " : : " . |

%

SUPPLICATION OF THE ANGELS H 295 "Everyday two angels descend. One of them says: 'May Allah, increase those who spend.' The other says: 'May Allah, ruin the miser.'" R 295 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 296- : " " . |

%

CHARITY BEGINS AT HOME H 296 "The upper hand (the donor) is better than the lower (the recipient) and begin with your dependents; and the best charity is from your surplus. Whosoever abstains from asking will be shielded by Allah; and he who does without will be made rich by Allah." R 296 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ :92 ] : ( ) [ : 267] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 37 SPENDING WHAT YOU LOVE MOST FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "You shall not attain righteousness until you spend of what you love......" 3:92 Koran "Believers, spend of the good you have earned and of that which We have brought out of the earth for you. And do not intend the bad of it for your spending; while you would never take it yourselves, except you closed an eye on it......" 2:267 Koran

%

| 297- : . : : ( ( : : ( ( : " ! " : . . : " " " " "" : "" : . |

%

THE GARDEN OF ABU TALHA H H 297 "Abu Talha was the wealthiest person from the tribe of Ansar in Medina. He owned groves of date palms but the property he loved best was a garden called "Bairaha" which was opposite the Mosque. It was there that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would go to drink its pure water. When this verse was sent down: 'You shall not attain righteousness until you spend of what you love...' 3:92 Abu Talha went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, Allah has sent down to you: 'You shall not attain righteousness until you spend of what you love...' and the property I love most is "Bairaha". Therefore I offer it in charity for the sake of Allah, hoping for its reward from Allah. (Please) dispose of it O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, in the way Allah would direct you.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: "Indeed, this is a very good property, a very good property. I have heard what you said, and I think you should divide it among your relatives.' Abu Talha said: 'I will do that, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.' So he divided it among his cousins and relatives." R 297 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 132 ] : ( ) [ : 6 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 38 THE OBLIGATION UPON THE PROPHET TO ORDER HIS FAMILY AND CHILDREN AND THOSE UNDER HIS GUARDIANSHIP TO OBEY ALLAH, THE HIGH AND TO PROHIBIT THEM FROM PRACTICING WRONG ACTIONS AND TO LEAD THEM TO GOOD MANNERS Let us start by reading verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Order your family to pray and be patient in it." 20:132 Koran "Believers, guard yourselves and guard your families against the Fire the fuel of which is people and stones....." 66:6 Koran

%

| 298- : : " !" . : " " . : " " : : . |

%

HOLY FAMILY ARE FORBIDDEN TO RECEIVE CHARITY H 298 "Hasan son of Ali, the grandson of the Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, picked up a date that had been designated for charity, and put it in his mouth. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, saw him do this and asked him to remove it out saying: Tut, tut, don't you know that we (the Holy family and their descendants) do not eat charity.'" We are also informed: "For us (the family of the Holy Prophet) charity is unlawful." R 298 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said:

%

| 299- : : " " . . " " : . |

%

EAT IN THE NAME OF ALLAH WITH YOUR RIGHT HAND H H 299 "Omar, the son of Umm Salah was in the care of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. He mentioned: 'When I ate, I would put my hand inside the bowl, then the Holy Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told me to mention the Name of Allah and eat whatever was in front of me with my right hand.' From that time onward this became his habit." R 299 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Omar son of Abi Salamah who related this.

%

| 300- : : " : " . |

%

ACCOUNTABILITY H 300 "Every one of you is a guardian and is therefore held accountable for that which he is entrusted. A ruler is a guardian and is held accountable for that which he is in care. A man is a guardian in respect of his household, a woman is a guardian in respect of her husband's house and his children. Therefore each one of you is a guardian and held accountable for whatever is in your care." R 300 Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 301- : : " " . |

%

CHILDREN AND PRAYER H 301 "As soon as your children reach the age of seven, order them to pray, and punish them if they do not. When they reach the age of ten put them in separate beds." R 301 Abu Daud with a chain up to Amr son of Shuaib who related from his grandfather through his father that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, directed this.

%

| 302- : : " " : " " . : " " . |

%

REPRIMAND A TEN YEAR OLD CHILD WHO DOES NOT PRAY H 302 "When a boy reaches the age of seven teach him how to pray, and punish him if he reaches the age of ten and does not pray." "Order a boy to pray when he reaches seven years of age." R 302 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Sabrah son of Ma'abad Juhni who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 36 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 39 OBLIGATIONS AND KINDNESS TO ONE'S NEIGHBORS Let us start by reading a verse from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him. Be kind to parents and near kinsmen, to the orphans and to the needy, to your neighbor who is your kindred, and to the neighbor at your far side, and the companion at your side, and to the destitute traveler, and to that which your right hand owns. Allah does not love he who is proud and struts." 4:36 Koran

%

| 303- : : " " . |

%

OBLIGATIONS TO ONE ANOTHER H 303 "Gabriel told me so many times about the (obligations towards one's) neighbor that I thought he might also include them with one's heirs." R 303 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ibn Omar and the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 304- : : " " . : : " " . |

%

LOOK AFTER YOUR NEIGHBOR H 304 "Abu Dharr, when you prepare soup add extra water to it and take care of your neighbor." Abu Dharr said "My friend advised me: When you prepare soup add extra water to it, then ask your neighbors if they would like some, and share it accordingly." R 304 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr, who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 305- : : " !" : : " !" . : " " . " " : . |

%

H 305 "By Allah he does not believe! By Allah he does not believe! By Allah he does not believe! He was asked: 'Who doesn't believe, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him?' He replied: 'The one whose neighbor is not safe from his mischief! The one who makes mischief against their neighbor will not enter Paradise.'" R 305 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 306- : : " " . |

%

GIVE, EVEN THOUGH IT IS A LITTLE H 306 "O Muslim ladies, do not be think it despicable to send even a lamb's shank to your neighbor." R 306 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 307- : : " " : ! . . " " . " " . : : . |

%

KINDNESS TO YOUR NEIGHBOR H 307 "A neighbor should not prevent his neighbor to place a rafter on his wall." Abu Hurairah added: "How is it that I see you turning away concerning it (the Prophetic instruction). By Allah, I will continue to remind you!" R 307 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 308- : : " " . |

%

DUTY TO OTHERS H 308 "Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day must not inconvenience his neighbor. Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day must honor his guest; and whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak well or else remain silent." R 308 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 309- : : " " . |

%

H 309 "Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should be kind to his neighbor. Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should honor his guest; and whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak well or remain silent." R 309 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Shuraih Khuza'I who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 310- : : : " " . |

%

YOUR NEAR NEIGHBOR H H 310 "Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, asked: 'I have two neighbors; to which one of them should I send a gift?' He replied: 'To the one whose door is nearer to yours.'" R 310 Bukhari with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related that she asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, this.

%

| 311- : : " " : " " . |

%

BEST COMPANION H 311 "The best companion in the sight of Allah is the one who behaves best towards his companions, and the best neighbor is the one who behaves best towards his neighbors." R 311 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abdullah son of Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 36 ] : ( ) [ : 1 ] : ( ) [ : 21 ] : ( ) [ : 8 ] : ( ) [ : 23 - 24 ] : ( ) [ : 14 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 40 KINDNESS TOWARDS PARENTS AND RELATIVES Let us start by reading verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him. Be kind to parents and near kinsmen, to the orphans and to the needy, to your neighbor who is your kindred, and to the neighbor at your far side, and the companion at your side, and to the destitute traveler, and to that which your right hand owns. Allah does not love he who is proud and struts." 4:36 Koran "Fear Allah, by whom you ask one another, and (fear) the wombs (lest you sever its relationship)." 4:1 Koran "... who join together what He has bidden to be united; who fear their Lord and dread the evil reckoning." 13:21 Koran "We have charged the human to be kind to his parents." 29:8 Koran "Your Lord has ordered you to worship none except Him, and to be good to your parents. If either or both of them attain old age with you, do not say: "Fie on you", nor rebuke them, but speak to them with words of respect. And lower to them the wing of humbleness out of mercy and say: 'My Lord, be merciful to them, as they raised me since I was little.'" 17:23-24 Koran "And We charged the human concerning his parents, for his mother bore him in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning was in two years. Be thankful to Me and to your parents, to Me is the arrival." 31:14 Koran

%

| 312- : : : " " : : " " : : " " . |

%

WHAT ALLAH LIKES MOST H H 312 "He (Abdullah the son of Mas'ud ) asked: 'Which action does Allah like most?' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, answered: 'The establishing of the prayer during its specified time.' I asked: 'Which is next?' He replied: 'Showing kindness to one's parents.' I asked again: 'Then which is next?' He replied: 'Fighting in the Cause of Allah.'" R 312 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Mas'ud who related that he asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him.

%

| 313- : : " " . |

%

HOW TO REPAY ONE'S FATHER H 313 "No son can repay his father unless he finds a slave, buys him and then frees him." R 313 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 314- : : " " . |

%

SPEAK WELL OR REMAIN SILENT H 314 "Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should be kind to his neighbor. Whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should honor his guest; and whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak well or remain silent." R 314 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 315- : : " : : : : : " : ( ) [ : 22 - 23 ] . : : " " . |

%

IMPORTANCE OF FAMILY TIES H 315 "Allah originated the creation. After, the womb stood up and said: 'Is this the place the human asks Your protection from being severed?' Allah replied: 'Yes, would you be satisfied if I bestow to whosoever associates with you, and I sever whosoever severs you?' It said: 'I am satisfied.' Allah said: 'This then is your place.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Recite if you will the verse: Could it be, that if you turn away, you might make corruption in the land and break the ties of kinship? Such are those whom Allah has cursed making them deaf and blinding their eyes.'" 47:22-23 Koran Allah, the High said (to the wombs in a Divine Quotation): Whosoever associates with you I will bestow upon him, and whosoever severs you I will sever him." R 315 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 316- : : : "" : : "" : : "" : : "" . : : " " . " " : . : " " : . : " " . |

%

IMPORTANCE OF YOUR MOTHER H H 316 "A man asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, of all people who is the most entitled to kindness and good company from me?' He replied: 'Your mother.' The man asked again: 'And after her?' He replied: 'Your mother.' 'And after her?' He replied: 'Your mother.' 'Then after her?' He asked: 'Your father.'" We are also informed; "A man asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, who is best entitled to good company from me?' He answered: 'Your mother, and then your mother, and then your mother, then your father, your near relations, and your near relations.'" R 316 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that a man came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and asked this.

%

| 317- : " " . |

%

LOOK AFTER YOUR AGING PARENTS H 317 "May his nose be rubbed in the dust, may his nose be rubbed in the dust, may his nose be rubbed in the dust - those who find their parents, one or both, reaching old age (and do not serve them) and because of this do not enter Paradise." R 317 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 318- : : : " " . " " " " : . |

%

KINDNESS TO ONE'S PARENTS EVEN IF THEY ARE HOSTILE H 318 "A man said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, my relatives are such that I have associated with them but they sever I am kind to them but they ill-treat me, I am patient but they are rude.' He replied: 'If it is as you have said, you are feeding them hot ash as long as you continue and you will always have Allah to help you against them.'" R 318 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that a man said to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, this.

%

| 319- : : " " . " " : . |

%

IMPORTANCE OF MATERNAL RELATIVES H 319 "Whosoever desires an increase in his provision and for his days to be lengthened let him connect with his maternal relatives." R 319 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 320- : : ( ) [ : 92 ] : : ( ( . : " ! ! " : . . . |

%

SPEND UPON YOUR RELATIVES H H 320 "Abu Talha was the wealthiest person from the tribe of Ansar in Medina. He owned date groves but his best loved property was the garden of "Bairaha" which was opposite the Mosque. It was there that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would go to drink its pure water. When this verse was sent down: 'You shall not attain righteousness until you spend of what you love' 3:92 Abu Talha went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, Allah has sent down to you: 'You shall not attain righteousness until you spend of what you love...' and the property I love most is 'Bairaha'. Therefore I offer it in charity for the sake of Allah, hoping for its reward from Allah. (Please) dispose of it O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, in the way Allah would direct you.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'Indeed, this is a very good property, a very good property. I have heard what you have said, and I think you should divide it among your relatives.' Abu Talha said: 'I will do that, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him. So he divided it among his cousins and relatives." R 320 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

%

| 321- : : . : " " : . : " " : . : " " . : : " " : : " " . |

%

LOOK AFTER YOUR PARENTS WELL H H 321 "A man came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said: 'I want to take an oath with you, to emigrate and fight in the Cause of Allah, seeking my reward from Him.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked, 'Are either of your parents alive?' The man replied: 'Yes, both of them.' Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked him: 'Are you seeking a reward from Allah?' To this the man replied: 'Yes.' So the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Then return to your parents and serve them well'" We are also informed: "A man came to ask for permission to participate in the fighting. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked him: 'Are your parents alive?' The man replied: 'Yes.' So he told him: 'Then your striving is in serving them. (That service is equal to fighting).'" R 321 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Amr, son of Al 'As who related this.

%

| 322- : " " . "" . "" . |

%

TIES OF KINSHIP H 322 "One who reciprocates by doing good is not the one who upholds the ties of kinship. It is the one who reconciles them when the other party breaks away." R 322 Bukhari with a chain up to Abdullah son of Amr who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 323- : : " : " . |

%

IMPORTANCE OF KINSHIP H 323 "The womb (the ties of blood relationship) is suspended from the Throne of Allah and proclaims: 'Allah will connect with whosoever connects with me, and Allah will sever (Himself) from whosoever severs themselves from me.'" R 323 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 324- : : : " " : . : " " . |

%

GIVE TO YOUR MATERNAL UNCLES H H 324 "Lady Maimunah, may Allah be pleased with her, freed a bonded servant without asking the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, When if was time for him to visit her she said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, do you know that I have freed my bonded servant?" He asked: 'Indeed?' She replied: 'Yes.' Then he told her: 'Had you given her to your maternal uncles it would have been better still.'" R 324 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Maimunah wife of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with her, Mother of Believers, the daughter of Harith related this.

%

| 325- : : : " " . : "" : : : . |

%

KINDNESS EVEN TOWARDS ONE'S UNBELIEVING MOTHER H H 325 "(When) Lady Ayesha's mother was an unbeliever she went to visit her so Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, and asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, 'My mother has come to see me and wants me to give her something, shall I please her?' He replied: 'Yes, be kind to your mother.'" R 325 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Lady Asma'a the daughter of Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with them, who related this.

%

| 326- : : " " : : . : : : : " " : . : " " : : " : " . |

%

DOUBLE REWARD FOR KINDNESS AND CHARITY H 326 "Ladies, spend in charity, even from your jewelry. Zainab went to her husband and said to him: 'You are not well off and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, has recommended us to spend in charity. So go to him and ask him if I give you something will it count as charity, if not I will give it to someone else.' Abdullah replied: 'You should go yourself.' So she went and found a woman from the tribe of Ansar also waiting at the door who had come for the same reason as herself. They were nervous to go in on account of greatness of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. Presently Bilal came out and they asked him: 'Go to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and tell him two women at the door want to know whether it would be charity if they spent on their husbands and on the orphans in their care, but do not tell him our names.' Bilal went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and asked him. He inquired who they were so Bilal said: 'A woman from the Ansar and Zainab.' He asked: 'Which Zainab?' Bilal told him: 'The wife of Abdullah.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'They will receive a double reward, because it is kindness to relatives and charity.'" R 326 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Zainab the wife of Abdullah, son of Mas'ud, who related this.

%

| 327- : : : : : " " . |

%

QUESTION OF HERACLIUS, EMPEROR OF ROME H H 327 'What does he (the Prophet,) teach you?' Abu Sufyan replied: 'He teaches us to worship Allah alone and not to associate anything with Him. To abandon what our ancestors said and he commands us to establish the prayer, to tell the truth, to be chaste and to strengthen the ties of kinship.'" R 327 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sufyan who related that during the course of his meeting with Heraclius the latter asked him this.

%

| 328- : : " " . : " " : " " : " " . : "" : " " : . |

%

DO NOT NEGLECT DISTANT RELATIVES H 328 "Soon you will conquer a land (Egypt) in which there is a qirat (which is a coin of little value)." We are informed: "Soon you will conquer Egypt, in some parts a qairat is used. Charge each other to treat its people kindly, because they have rights and a blood relationship (Lady Haggar, wife of Prophet Abraham, the mother of Ishmael, also Mary, the mother of Abraham, the son of Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him.)" R 328 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 329- : : ( ) [ : 214] : " . " . : "" " " : . : . |

%

RESPONSIBILITY TO ONE'S SELF H H 329 "When this verse was revealed: 'Warn your tribe and your near kinsmen.' 26:214 the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, invited the tribe of Koraysh and they all came. He said to them: 'Children of Abd Shams, children of Ka'ab son of Lu'ayy rescue yourselves from the Fire. Children of Murrah son of Ka'ab, rescue yourselves from the Fire. Children of Abd Manat, rescue yourselves from the Fire. Children of Hashim, rescue yourselves from the Fire. Children of Abdul Muttalib, rescue yourselves from the Fire. O Fatima, rescue yourself from the Fire, because I do not own a thing with Allah for you. I am related to you, and I will continue to fulfill my obligations.'" R 329 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

%

| 330- : : " " . |

%

YOUR OBLIGATIONS H 330 "The children of so and so are not my friends. My friends are Allah and pious Muslims. But I am related to them so I will continue to fulfill my obligations." R 330 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Amr the son of Al-'As who related that he heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say openly, not privately

%

| 331- : : . : " " . |

%

CONDITIONS OF PARADISE H H 331 "A man said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, tell me something which will cause me to be admitted to Paradise and rescue me from the Fire.' He answered: 'The worship of Allah and do not associate anything with Him; the establishing of the prayer; payment of the obligatory charity, and to associate with your blood relatives.'" R 331 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Ayub Khalid, the son of Zaid Ansari who related this.

%

| 332- : " " : " : " : " " . |

%

CHARITY AND KINDNESS H 332 "When you break the fast, break it with a date because there is blessing in it, but if you cannot find a date, then water because it is pure. He continued: Giving alms to someone who is poor is charity, but to a relative it is both charity and kindness." R 332 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Salman the son of 'Amir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 333- : : : "" : " " . |

%

H 333 H The son of Omar had a wife whom he loved but his father disliked. His father asked him to divorce her but he refused. Omar mentioned the matter to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and he told him: "Divorce her." We would like to draw our attention to the notes of Dr. Subhi Al Salih notes followed by the notes of Shaykh Ahmad Darwish Dr Subhi said, "It is known that the Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, hated divorce and he said that "The most hated lawful deed before Allah is divorce." However, in this case he wanted to guide the son of Omar to be good to his father. On the other hand Omar would not have ordered his son to divorce his wife had he not feared that she would lead him to harm in his life and in his religion." Shaykh Ahmad Darwish said: One must not forget the spiritual rank and imamship of Omar and how satan did not walk in the road that Omar walked, and that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, ordered us to follow the guided Caliphs and so forth. This Hadith is in no way to be taken out of context as has been the practice in some Asian families where the mother or other relatives, group together to cause a divorce for no valid Islamic reason. R 333 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Ibn Omar who related this.

%

| 334- : : : : " " : " " . |

%

H 334 H "A man came to Abu Darda' and said: 'I have a wife and my mother tells me to divorce her.' Abu Darda' told him that he had heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say: 'A father is a median door of Paradise. If you wish you may demolish it, or if you wish you may protect it.'" R 334 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Darda' who related this.

%

| 335- : " " : " " . : - : - : : "" : : " " : : " ... " . . |

%

STATUS OF YOUR MATERNAL AUNT H 335 "Your mother's sister warrants the same status of your mother." R 335 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Bra'a the son of 'Azib who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 22-23 ] : ( ) [ : 25 ] : ( ) [ : 23-24 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 41 THE IMPORTANCE OF OBEYING FAMILY: FAMILY RELATIONSHIP Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Could it be, that if you turn away, you might make corruption in the land and break the ties of kinship? Such are those whom Allah has cursed making them deaf and has blinded their eyes." 47:22-23 Koran "As for those who break the covenant of Allah after accepting it, who part what He has commanded to be united and worked corruption in the land, a curse shall be laid on them, and they shall have an evil abode." 13:25 Koran "Your Lord has ordered you to worship none except Him, and to be good to your parents. If either or both of them attain old age with you, do not say: "Fie on you", nor rebuke them, but speak to them with words of respect. And lower to them the wing of humbleness out of mercy and say: 'My Lord, be merciful to them, as they raised me since I was little.'" 17:23-24 Koran

%

| 336- : : " " - - : : " " : " " : . . |

%

MAJOR SINS H 336 "Shall I tell you what are major sins? (He repeated this three times). We said: 'Certainly, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, he said: "Association of others with Allah. Disobeying your parents; (until that point he had been leaning on a pillow, then suddenly he sat up), telling a lie, and giving false testimony. He repeated this last (sin) so many times that we wished he would stop." R 336 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Bakarah Nufai'the son of Harith who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 337- : " : " . " " : . |

%

MORE MAJOR SINS H 337 "Major sins are: Association of anything with Allah. Disobeying one's parents. Murder. Bearing false witness." R 337 Bukhari with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Amr, son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 338- : " !" : ! : " " . : " !" : ! : " " . |

%

ABUSING ONE'S PARENTS H 338 "Abusing one's parents is a major sin. He was asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, can a person abuse his parents?' He answered: 'Yes' if he abuses someone else's father, the latter will then abuse his father. If he abuses someone else's mother, the latter will then abuse his mother.' One of the most heinous sins is for someone to curse his parents. He was asked: "O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, how can someone curse his parents? He replied: 'When he abuses someone else's father, the latter turns to be abusive to his father. If he abuses someone else's mother, the latter turns to be abusive to his mother.'" R 338 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Amr, son of Al 'As who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 339- : : " " : : . . |

%

SEVERING THE TIES OF KINSHIP H 339 "He who severs the ties of kinship will not enter Paradise." R 339 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Jubair son of Muti'm who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 340- : " : : " . : "" : "" : . " " : " " : : . " " : . " " : . : " " : " " . |

%

FORBIDDING OF ALLAH H 340 "Allah has forbidden you: Disobedience to your parents. Miserliness. False witness. Burying living baby girls. And He disapproves of idle talk. Excessive questioning and wastefulness." R 340 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Mughirah the son of Shu'bah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ | 341- : : " " . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 42 THE MERIT OF DOING GOOD TO THE FRIENDS OF YOUR PARENTS, RELATIONS, WIVES and OTHERS WHO ARE ENTITLED TO RESPECT |

%

FATHER'S FRIENDS H 341 "Of the highest virtues is that you should be kind to your father's friends." R 341 Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 342- : : : : : " " . |

%

RESPECT FOR PARENT'S FRIENDS H H 342 "Abdullah the son of Omar met a Bedouin Arab when he was on the way to Mecca. Abdullah greeted him and asked if he would like to ride with him on his donkey; he also gave him the turban he was wearing. Abdullah the son of Dinar said: 'May Allah give to you good, these Bedouin's are pleased with only a little.' Abdullah the son of Omar said: 'That man's father was my father's friend and I heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say: 'Of the highest virtues is that a person should be kind towards his father's friends and members of their families.'" R 342 Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Dinar said this.

%

| 342- : : : . : : : : : " " . . |

%

KINDNESS TO ONE'S PARENT'S FRIENDS H H 343 "Abdullah the son of Omar was traveling to Mecca and became tired riding his camel; so he wound a turban around his head and rode his donkey instead. As he was riding he met a Bedouin Arab and asked him: 'Aren't you so and so, the son of so and so?' The man said: 'Yes, indeed.' Thereupon Abdullah gave him the donkey and said: 'Ride it' and he gave him his turban saying: 'Wind it around your head.' Some of his companions said to him: 'May Allah forgive you, you have given this Bedouin your easy riding donkey and the turban you wound round your head.' He said: 'I heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say: 'Of the highest virtue is that a person should be kind to the members of a family who had been the friends of one's father before his death.'" R 343 Muslim with a chain up to the son of Dinar narrates the story of Abdullah the son of Omar

%

| 343- - - : : : " " . |

%

DESIRABLE ACTS FOR ONE'S DECEASED PARENTS H H 344 "Malik and some Companions were sitting with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when a man of the Bani Salamah came and asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, is there any kindness I can do for my parents after their death?' He answered: 'Yes, pray for them and ask for their forgiveness. Fulfill their promises, be kind to their relatives and honor their friends.'" R 344 Abu Daud with a chain up to Malik the son of Rabi'a Sa'idi who related this.

%

| 344- : : ! : " " . : . : ɡ : " " . : : : " " . : "" : "" : . |

%

LADY KHADIJAH H H 345 I, (Lady Ayesha), did not feel as wishful to any of the Prophet's wives as I did to Lady Khadijah (in serving Allah and His Prophet), may Allah be pleased with them, even though I had never seen her. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, mentioned her often. When a goat was slaughtered, he would cut it into pieces and send it to Khadijah's friends. Sometimes I would say to him: 'You speak of her as if there never was any other woman in the world beside Khadijah.' He would reply: 'She was such and such, and I had children from her.'" We are also informed: "When he slaughtered a goat he would send as many pieces of meat as gifts that he could for her friends." We are also informed: "When a goat was slaughtered he would say: 'Send some of it to Khadijah's friends.' On one occasion, Halah the daughter of Khuwailad, sister of Lady Khadijah asked the Prophet's permission to enter. This (polite) mannerism reminded him of Lady Khadijah and he was deeply moved. He exclaimed: 'O Allah, let it be Halah the daughter of Khuwailad.'" R 345 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha who related this.

%

| 345- : : : . . |

%

IMITATING GOOD MANNERS H H 346 "Anas went on a journey with Jarir the son of Abdullah Bujali. Jarir served Anas even though he was older than himself. Anas said to him: 'Don't do this.' He replied: 'I saw the Ansar serve the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, with such devotion that I made a vow that whenever I am in the company of any of them I would serve them.'" R 346 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas the son of Malik who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 33 ] : ( ) [ : 32 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 43 HONORING THE MEMBERS OF THE HOLY FAMILY Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "..... O family of the House Allah only wishes to distance fault from you, and to cleanse you, and to purify you abundantly." 33:33 Koran ". he who venerates the waymarks of Allah, surely, it is from the piety of the hearts." 22:32 Koran

%

| 346- : : : : . : : " : " : " " : : : : . : : . . : " : " . |

%

LOOK AFTER THE DESCENDANTS OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him, H H 347 "I (Husain son of Sabrah) and Amr the son of Muslim went to Zaid the son of Arqam. After we had seated ourselves I said: 'Zaid, you have received a great amount of virtue. You saw the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, heard him talk, fought along with him and prayed behind him. Indeed, you have received a lot of virtue. So Zaid, tell us what you heard from the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him.' He said: 'My nephew, I am now old and have become senile, and there are some things I remember from the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and some I have forgotten. So what I tell you accept, and do not force me to recall that which I have forgotten.' At Khumma, a spring between Mecca and Medina the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, spoke to us. First, he praised Allah and exalted Him, then he warned us and exhorted us saying: 'O people, I am only a man and soon the Messenger (the Angel of Death) of my Lord will come and I shall respond to him. I am leaving with you two weighty things. The first is the Book of Allah, in it there is guidance and light. Hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it. He emphasized this and urged us to do the same. Then he said: 'The second is the members of my family. I call upon you in the Name of Allah to look after the members of my family, I call upon you in the Name of Allah to look after the members of my family.' I asked: 'Zaid, who are the members of his family, aren't his wives the members of his family?' Zaid replied: 'His wives are members of his family and they are also forbidden to accept charity after him.' I asked: 'Who are the others?' Zaid replied: 'They are the descendants of Ali, Aqil, Ja'far and Abbas .I inquired: 'Have all of them been forbidden to accept charity?" Zaid replied: 'Yes.'" "Listen well, I am leaving with you two weighty things. One is the Book of Allah; which is the rope of Allah. Whosoever follows it will be rightly guided, but whosoever discards it will be go astray." R 347 Muslim with a chain up to Yazid the son of Hayyan who related that Husain the son of Sabrah, Amr son of Muslim and he went to Zaid son of Arqam and he said this.

%

| 347- - - : . . " " : . |

%

HONOR THE HOLY FAMILY H H 348 "Honor Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him, by honoring the members of his family." R 348 Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that Abu Bakr said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 9 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 44 RESPECT DUE TO THE KNOWLEDGEABLE, PIOUS AND WELL VERSED PEOPLE Let us start by reading a verse from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "..... are they equal, those who know and those who do not know? Only those with minds remember." 39:9 Koran

%

| 348- : : " " . : " " " " : . : " " . " " : " " : . |

%

WHO SHOULD LEAD THE PRAYER H 349 "When people are gathered for prayer, whosoever is the most well versed in the recitation of the Koran among them should lead the prayer. However, if they are all equal in that respect, then the one who is the most well versed in the sunnah (Prophetic quotations and ways) among them. If they are all equal in that respect, then it should be the one who migrated earliest; however, if they are all equal in every respect, then the leader should be the eldest among them. No one should lead the prayer (without asking the permission) of the other's domain, nor should they occupy another's seat in his house without his permission." We are informed: "The first one among them to accept Islam. (This is instead of the eldest among them.)" "The leader of the prayer should be the one who is the most well versed in the Book of Allah among the congregation. However, if they are all equal in that respect, it should be the most senior migrant among them. Then, if they are all equal on that count it should be the eldest among them." R 349 Muslim with a chain up to Uqbah son of Amr who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 349- : : " " . : "" . " " : . " " : : . |

%

STRAIGHT ROWS H H 350 "When we stood in line for prayer, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, placed his hands upon our shoulders and said: 'Stand in straight rows and do not differ among yourselves, otherwise your hearts will differ. The ones who should stand nearest to me are those who are elderly and the wise. Next to them should be those nearest to them in that respect and so on.'" R 350 Muslim with a chain up to Uqbah son of Amr who related this.

%

| 350- : : " " " " . |

%

ELDERLY AND WISE H 351 "For the prayer, let those who are elderly and wise be nearest to me. (He repeated this three times). Then he added: 'Beware, do not indulge in the confusion of the market place.'" R 351 Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah the son of Mas'ud who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 351- : - - : : " " : " " . . : " " : . |

%

THE ELDER AMONG YOU H H 352 Abdullah the son of Sahl went to Khaybar with Muhayysah the son of Mas'ud during time of truce. There they went about their different business. When Muhayysah returned he found that Abdullah had been murdered, and was covered in blood. He arranged for his burial and left for Medina. Abdur Rahman the son of Sahl and Muhayysah and Huwayysah the sons of Mas'ud went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and Abdur Rahman began to speak as he was the best spokesman among them. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, stopped him saying: 'The eldest, the eldest.' So Abdur Rahman being the youngest among the three became silent and the other two spoke to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, He asked: 'Do you swear to this and demand justice done to the murderer?' And he reported the whole quotation." R 352 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sahl the son of Abi Hathmah who related this.

%

| 352- : : " " . . |

%

BURIAL OF MARTYRS H H 353 "After the Battle of Uhud, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, arranged for the martyrs to be buried in pairs. At each interment he would inquire which of the two knew the most of the Koran by heart, whereupon the one who was named was placed in the grave first." R 353 Bukhari with a chain up to Jabir who related this.

%

| 353- : : " : " . |

%

RESPECT FOR ONE'S ELDERS H 354 "In a vision two men came to me when I was brushing my teeth with miswak, one of them was older than the other. I gave the miswak to the younger of the two, then I was told to give it to the elder, and I did so accordingly." R 354 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 354- : : " : " . |

%

HONORING THE ELDERLY H 355 "To honor an elderly Muslim who has learned the Koran by heart and has neither altered nor contradicted it by his behavior and respects a just caliph is indeed exalting Allah." R 355 Abu Daud with a chain up to Abu Musa who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 355- : : " " : " " . : " " . |

%

COMPASSION H 356 "Whosoever neither has compassion on our children nor honors our elders is not of us." R 356 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Amr the son of Shuaib who related on the authority of his father and grandfather that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 356- : : : " " . : . : : " " : " " . |

%

STATUS H H 357 "Someone asked Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, for charity so she gave him a piece of bread. Later, someone better clothed asked her for charity and was invited to sit down and given food. When she was asked why she had treated them differently she replied: 'The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, directed us to treat people according to their status.'" R 357 Abu Daud with a chain up to Maimun the son of Abi Shabib who related this.

%

| 357- : : : : : ( ( . . . |

%

HOW TO DEAL WITH THE IGNORANT H H 358 "Uyainah, Hisn's son went to Medina and stayed with his nephew Hurr, the son of Kais. Kais was a close friend of Omar and also one of his councilors. Uyainah said to Hurr: 'My nephew, you are close to the Commander of the Faithful, will you ask permission for me to see him?' So Hurr asked, and Omar agreed. When Uyainah met Omar, he said to him: 'Son of Khattab, neither do you give us much nor do you deal fairly with us.' Omar was outraged and would have punished him when Hurr said: 'Commander of the Faithful, Allah said to His Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, 'Accept the easing, order with fine jurisprudence, and avoid the ignorant.' 7:199. This is one of the ignorant." As soon as Hurr had recited this (verse) Omar became calm and remained in his seat. He always adhered strictly to the Book of Allah." R 358 Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

%

| 358- : . . |

%

KNOWLEDGEABLE YOUTH H H 359 "I was just a boy during the time of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and committed to memory what he said, but I do not relate that which I committed to memory because there are men amongst us who are older than myself." R 359 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Samurah son of Jundab who related this.

%

| 359- : : " " : " " . |

%

REWARD OF A YOUNG PERSON H 360 "When a young person honors an elderly person on account of his age, Allah appoints someone to honor that person when he reaches old age." R 360 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ( : ( ) [ : 60 - 66 ] : ( ) [ : 28 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 45 THE MERITS OF BEING IN THE COMPANY OF PIOUS PEOPLE Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "When Moses said to his (assisting) youth: 'I will not give up until I reach the point where the two seas meet even though I should go on for many years.' But when they came to the point where the two met, they forgot their fish, which made its way burrowing into the sea. And when they had gone further, he said to his assisting youth: 'Bring us our breakfast; we are worn out from our journey.' He replied: 'What do you think, I forgot the fish when we were resting on the rock. None but satan made me forget to mention this - it made its way into the sea in a marvelous fashion.' 'This is what we have been seeking,' said he and they retraced their footsteps and found one of Our worshipers to whom We had given from Our Mercy and whom We had taught knowledge of Ours. Moses said to him: 'May I follow you so that you can teach me of that you have learned of righteousness?'" 18:60-66 Koran "And be patient with those who call to their Lord morning and evening, desiring His Face. And do not turn your eyes away from them desiring the good things of this life...." 18:28 Koran

%

| 360- : : : : . . |

%

VISIT TO UMM AIMAN H H 361 "After the death of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, Abu Bakr said to Omar, 'Come, let us go and visit Umm Aiman because the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, used to visit her.' When they arrived she started to weep, so they asked: 'Why are you crying? Don't you know that which Allah has is better for the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him?" She answered: 'Indeed, I know that which Allah has is better for the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, I cry because the Revelation has stopped coming down from the heaven.' This moved the two and they began to cry with her." R 361 Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this.

%

| 361- : " : : . : : : " . : "" : "" : ( ) : . |

%

LOVING FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH H 362 "Allah assigned an angel to a man who had set out to visit a brother who lived in another town. When the angel met the man he asked him: 'Where are you going?' He replied: 'I am going to visit a brother living in the next town.' The angel asked: 'Are you doing him a favor?' He answered: 'No, the only reason I am going to visit him is that I love him for the sake of Allah.' Then the angel informed him: 'I am a messenger sent from Allah to tell you that Allah loves you as you love your brother for His Sake.'" R 362 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 362- : : " : " : " " : "" . |

%

VISITING THE SICK H 363 "When someone visits a sick person or a brother for the sake of Allah, he is called by a herald who says: 'You are good and your walking is good and you will enter a residence in Paradise.'" R 363 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 363- : " : : " . ( ) : . |

%

COMPARISON BETWEEN A RIGHTEOUS AND EVIL COMPANION H 364 "The comparison between a righteous Companion and an evil Companion can be likened to one who carries perfume and another who blows at a flame in a furnace. The one who carries perfume may give you some as a gift, or you may buy some from him, or at least, you may smell its fragrance. As for the other, he may set your clothes on fire, or at the very least you may inhale the fumes of the furnace." R 364 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 364- : " : " . : . |

%

QUALITIES TO SEEK IN A WOMAN H 365 "A woman is sought in marriage on account of four things: her wealth, her influence, her beauty or her religion. Prosper with the one of religion, otherwise you will own nothing but dust." R 365 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 365- : : " " : ( ) [ : 64 ] . H 366 "'What prevents you (Gabriel) from visiting us more often than you do?' Whereupon the verse was revealed: 'We do not descend except at the command of your Lord. To Him belongs all that is before us and all that is behind us, and all that lies between......'" 19:64 Koran R 366 Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said to Gabriel this.

%

| 366- : " " . . |

%

CHOICE OF COMPANION H 367 "Take only a believer for your companion, and let your food be eaten only by the righteous." R 367 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 367- : : " " : " " . |

%

BE CAREFUL IN YOUR CHOICE OF FRIEND H 368 "A person is most likely to follow the belief of his friend, so be careful with whom you make friends." R 368 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 368- : : " " . : : : " " . |

%

ONE YOU LOVE H 369 "A person will be with the one he loves. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was asked: 'What are the circumstances of a person who loves some people but is unable to be with them?' He answered: 'A person will be with those he loves.'" R 369 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 369- : : : " " : : " " . : . |

%

PREPARATION FOR THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT H 370 "A man from the desert asked: 'When will the Day of Judgement come?' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, inquired: 'What preparation have you made for it?' The man replied: 'The love of Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him.' So the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, informed him: 'You will be with those you love.' 'My preparation has not been with a lot of praying, fasting or with charity, but I love Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him.'" R 370 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that a sage asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, this.

%

| 370- : : : " " . |

%

LOVE H 371 "A man came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what would you say about one who loves certain people but is unable to be with them?' He replied: 'A person will be with those he loves.'" R 371 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the son of Mas'ud who related this.

%

| 371- : " " . : " " . |

%

YOUR CHARACTER H 372 "People are like the minerals of gold and silver. Those of them who were best during the Age of Ignorance (before Islam) are best in Islam, if they fully comprehend (the religion). The spirits are like a gathered army so those who know each other are close, and those who are rejected are different.'" R 372 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 372- : - - : : : : : : . : : . : : . : : " " : : : : : : : " " : . : . : : . . : : : : " : " . : : : " : " . : " " : " " : . |

%

LOVE OF UWAIS FOR HIS MOTHER H 373 "Whenever a delegation came from Yemen to Omar, the son of Khattab he would ask: 'Is Uwais, the son of 'Amir among you?' When he finally met him he asked: 'Are you Uwais, the son of 'Amir?' He replied: 'Yes.' Then he asked if he belonged to the Karn branch of the tribe of Murad. Uwais replied: 'Yes.' Then Omar asked: 'Have you ever suffered from leprosy and with the exception of a small spot the size of a dirham (coin) made a complete recovery from it?' Uwais replied: 'Yes.' 'Is your mother still alive?' asked Omar. Uwais replied: 'Yes.' Omar continued saying: 'I heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say: Uwais, the son of 'Amir will come to you among a delegation from Yemen. He is from the Murad tribe of Karn. He had leprosy but has now recovered from it, with the exception of a spot the size of a dirham. He is devoted to his mother, and if he were to swear, relying upon Allah, for something, Allah will fulfill his oath. If you can persuade him to supplicate for forgiveness for you, do so. So I ask you to supplicate for forgiveness for me.' So Uwais supplicated for forgiveness for him. Then Omar asked him: 'Where are you going?' He replied: 'In the direction of Kufa.' Omar asked him: 'Would you like me to write to the Governor of Kufa on your behalf?' Uwais replied: 'I prefer to be among the unknown poor.' The next year, a noble from Kufa went on the Pilgrimage and met Omar. Omar asked him about Uwais. He told him: 'I left him in a dilapidated, sparsely furnished house.' Omar told him that he had heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say: Uwais, the son of 'Amir will come to you among a delegation from Yemen. He is from the Murad tribe of Karn. He had leprosy but has now recovered from it, with the exception of a spot the size of a dirham. He is devoted to his mother, and if he were to swear, relying upon Allah, for something, Allah would fulfill his oath. If you can persuade him to supplicate for forgiveness for you, do so. The noble returned and went to visit Uwais and asked him to supplicate for forgiveness for him. Uwais said: 'You have just returned from a blessed journey, it is you who should supplicate for forgiveness for me - did you meet Omar?' The noble replied: 'Yes.' So Uwais supplicated for forgiveness for him. Thereafter, people became aware of Uwais so he decided to leave that place." "Some people from Kufa waited upon Omar. Among them was a person who used to deride Uwais. Omar inquired: 'Is there anyone among you who is of the Karn?' So the man stepped forward. Omar said that: 'The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Uwais will come to you from Yemen. He will have left nothing there except his mother. He suffered from leprosy and prayed to Allah for a cure, and was cured except for a small spot the size of a dirham. If any of you meet him you should ask him to supplicate for forgiveness for you.'" "I (Omar) heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say: 'In the next generation the best person is a man called Uwais. He has a mother and suffered from leprosy. Go to him and ask him to supplicate for forgiveness for you.'" R 373 Muslim with a chain up to Usair the son of Amr who related this.

%

| 373- : : " " : : " " . : " " . |

%

H 374 Omar, the son of Khattab asked leave of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, to go on Umra (the lesser pilgrimage). The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, gave him permission and said: 'Brother of mine, do not forget us in your supplications.' Omar commented: 'I would not exchange this (request) for the whole world.'" "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Include us, my brother, in your supplications.'" R 374 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Omar the son of Khattab who related this.

%

| 374- : . . : . |

%

MOSQUE OF QUBA H 375 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would visit Quba either riding or walking. There he would offer two units of prayer (raka') in the Mosque. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, visited the Mosque at Quba every week on Saturday either riding or walking, and ibn Omar would do the same." R 375 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 29 ] : ( ) [ : 9 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 46 SINCERE LOVE FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. Those who are with him are harsh against the unbelievers but merciful to one another...... 48:29 Koran "And those before them who, had made their dwelling in the City (of Madinah), and because of their belief love those who have migrated to them; they do not find any (envy) in their chests for what they have been given, and prefer them above themselves, even though they themselves have a need. Whosoever is saved from the greed of his own soul, those - they are the ones who win." 59:9 Koran

%

| 375- : " : " . |

%

QUALITIES OF THE SWEETNESS OF FAITH H 376 "When someone has these three qualities they taste the sweetness of faith; the love of Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, above all others, loving someone just for the Sake of Allah, and abhorrence of ever reverting to disbelief after Allah rescued him from it in the same way that he would hate to be thrown into the Fire." R 376 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 376- : " : : " . |

%

SEVEN TYPES OF PEOPLE WHO WILL BE PROTECTED IN THE SHADE OF MERCY H 377 "There will be seven (types of people) who will be protected in the shade of the Mercy of Allah on the Day of Judgement; there being no other shade except His Mercy. (They are:) A just ruler. A youth who occupied himself worshiping Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified. A person who loved another for the sake of Allah; meeting together for His sake and then parted for His sake. A person who is enticed by a beautiful, charming woman but declines saying: 'I fear Allah.' A person whose heart is attached to the mosque. A person who spends secretly in charity, so that his left hand does not know what his right hand spends. A person who remembers Allah when he is alone so that his eyes overflow with tears." R 377 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 377- : : " : " . |

%

LOVING FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH H 378 "On the Day of Judgement Allah, the Exalted, will call: 'Where are those who loved each other for the sake of pleasing Me? Today I will shelter them in the shade of My Mercy. Today there is no shade except My shade.'" R 378 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 378- : : " " . |

%

INCREASE THE GREETING OF PEACE H 379 "By Him in whose Hands is my life, you will not enter Paradise unless you believe, and you will not truly believe unless you love one another. Shall I tell you something whereby you will love one another? Increase the greeting of peace among yourselves." R 379 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : " : : . : : : " . |

%

LOVE FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH H 380 "Allah assigned an angel to a man who had set out to visit a brother who lived in another town. When the angel met the man he asked him: 'Where are you going?' The man replied: 'I am going to visit a brother living in the next town.' The angel asked: 'Are you doing him a favor?' The man answered: 'No, the only reason I am going to visit him is that I love him for the sake of Allah.' Then the angel informed him: 'I am a messenger sent from Allah to tell you that Allah loves you as you love your brother for His Sake.'" R 380 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 380- : " " . |

%

LOVE OF THE ANSAR H 381 "Only a believer loves the Ansar and it is only a hypocrite who dislikes them. Allah loves those who love them and Allah dislikes those who dislike them." R 381 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Bra'a, the son of 'Azib who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 381- : : " : " . : " " . |

%

REWARD FOR LOVING SOMEONE FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH H 382 "Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified, says: 'For those who love one another for My Majesty, for them will be pulpits of light that the prophets and martyrs would desire the same.'" R 382 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Mu'az related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 382- : : . : : : : : : ! : " : " . : "" : " : " . |

%

LOVE, MEET, VISIT AND SPEND FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH H 383 "Abu Idris Khaulani entered the mosque in Damascus and saw a youth with dazzling white teeth sitting with several people. When they had a difference of opinion they referred it to him and abided by his opinion. Abu Idris asked who the youth was and was told that he was Mu'az, the son of Jabal - may Allah be pleased with him. - The next day Abu Idris hastened to the mosque, only to find that Mu'az had arrived there before him and was engaged in prayer. He waited until he had finished and then approached him from the front, greeted him with peace and said: 'Allah is witness that I love you.' He inquired: 'For the sake of Allah?' Abu Idris replied: 'For the sake of Allah.' Then he took hold of the fold of my cloak, drew Abu Idris to himself and said: 'Hear good tidings, I heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say that Allah has declared: 'It becomes incumbent upon Me to give My Love to those who love one another for My Sake, meet one another for My Sake, visit one another for My Sake and spend for My Sake.'" R 383 Malik - Abu Idris Khaulani related this.

%

| 383- : " " : " " . |

%

BROTHERLY LOVE H 384 "If a person loves his brother, he should tell him that he loves him." R 384 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Miqdad, the son of Ma'dikarib who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 384- : : " : " . |

%

LOVE AND ADVICE FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH H 385 "O Mu'az, by Allah, I love you and advise you not to forget to supplicate after each obligatory prayer saying: 'Allah, help me to remember You, and to be grateful to You and to worship You in the best manner.'" R 385 Abu Daud and Nisai with a chain up to Mu'az who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, took his hand and said this.

%

| 385- : : : " " : . : "" : : . . |

%

RECIPROCAL LOVE H 386 "A Companion was with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when a man passed and the former said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I love that person.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked: 'Have you told him?' He replied: 'No.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Tell him.' So he went up to the man and told him: 'I love you for the Sake of Allah.' The other replied: 'May Allah, for whose Sake you love me, love you.'" R 386 Abu Daud with a chain up to Anas who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 31 ] : ( ) [ : 54 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 47 THE SIGNS OF THE LOVE OF ALLAH TO HIS WORSHIPERS Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Say: 'If you love Allah, follow me (Prophet Muhammad) and Allah will love you and forgive you your sins...... 3:31 Koran "Believers, whosoever of you turns from his religion, Allah will bring a nation whom He loves and they love Him, humble towards the believers and stern towards the unbelievers, striving for the Path of Allah, fearless of anyone's blame. Such is the Grace of Allah; He bestows it on whom He will. He is the Embracer, the Knower." 5:54 Koran

%

| 386- : : " : " . " " : . : "" . |

%

H 387 "Allah, the Exalted says: 'I declare war on he who bears enmity towards a friend of Mine. When a worshiper of Mine seeks nearness to Me, with that which I love, from whatever I have prescribed, and when he seeks My Favor through voluntary prayers, I begin to love him. When I love him, I become his ear with which he hears and his eyes with which he sees and his hand with which he grasps and his foot with which he walks, and when he supplicates I give him, and when he seeks My refuge I rescue him.'" R 387 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 387- : " : : " . : : " : : : . : " . |

%

LOVE AND ANGER OF ALLAH H 388 "When Allah loves a worshiper, a call goes out to Gabriel: 'Allah, the Exalted, loves so and so, therefore love him also.' So Gabriel loves him and heralds call to the dwellers of the heavens: 'Allah loves so and so, therefore love him also.' Then the dwellers of the heavens love him also, and he is accepted in the earth (as well). When Allah is angry with a worshiper, He calls Gabriel and says to him: 'I am angry with so and so.' So Gabriel is angry with him. Then the heralds call to the dwellers of the heavens: 'Allah is angry with so and so, therefore be angry with him (as well).' Thereafter aversion towards him is spread throughout the earth (as well)." R 388 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 388- : ( ) : " " : . : " " . |

%

LOVE OF CHAPTER 112 - AL IKHLAS H 389 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, appointed a man to be in charge of a division in the army. He also led them in prayers and always recited: 'Say: He is Allah, the One, the called upon. Who has not given birth, And has not been born, And there is none equal to Him.' Ch 112 Koran When the division returned to Medina they mentioned this to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, who told them to: 'Ask him why he does it?' So he was asked and replied: 'Because it is the attribute of the Merciful.' When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, heard this he said: 'Tell him Allah, the High loves him.'" R 389 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 58 ] : ( ) [ : 9-10 ] . : : " " . : " " . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 48 WARNING NOT TO HURT THE GOOD, WEAK OR THE NEEDY Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Those who hurt believing men and believing women undeservedly, shall bear the guilt of slander and a major sin." 33:58 Koran "Do not oppress the orphan, nor drive away the one who asks." Ch.93:9-10 Koran There are numerous Prophetic quotations amongst them are the quotations of Abu Hurairah that tells us the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him said: H "Whosoever becomes an enemy of one of My close friends, indeed I declare war against him." H And also the quotation reported by Sa'ad, the son of Waqqas relating to kindness to orphans, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him who said: "Abu Bakr, perhaps you have offended them. If so, you have offended your Lord. O Abu Bakr, if you upset them, you upset your Lord."

%

| 389- : : " " . |

%

IMPORTANCE OF THE DAWN PRAYER H 390 "Whosoever prays the dawn prayer is guaranteed the safety of Allah. So do not bother him (except in truth) because, if Allah takes any of you being guilty of breaching His safety He reaches for him and that person is hurled into the Fire on his face." R 390 Muslim with a chain up to Jundab, the son of Abdullah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 5 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 49 PEOPLE'S BEHAVIOR Let us start by reading a verse from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: ."... If they repent and establish the prayer and pay the obligatory charity, let them go their way......" 9:5 Koran

%

| 390- : : " " . |

%

ACCOUNTABILITY TO ALLAH H 391 "I have been commanded to continue fighting until the enemy bear witness that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, and establish the prayers and pay the obligatory charity. Once they have accepted their lives and property will be safe, and they have become subject to their Islamic obligations being accountable to Allah." R 391 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 391- : : " " . |

%

ACCOUNTABILITY TO ALLAH H 392 "Whosoever bears witness that there is no god except Allah and rejects all that is worshipped other than Him secures his life and property and is accountable only to Allah." R 392 Muslim with a chain up to Tariq, the son of Ushaim who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 392- : : : : " " : ! : " " . " " : . " " : . |

%

OCCURENCES DURING JIHAD H 393 "Miqdad, the son of Aswad asked the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, 'Tell me, if I am fighting an unbeliever and he cuts off one of my hands with his sword and then takes refuge behind a tree (fearing revenge) and says: I submit to Allah, should I kill him after he has said this?' He replied: 'No, do not kill him.' Miqdad inquired: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, even after he had cut off one of my hands and then said this?' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, explained: 'Do not kill him, because if you do he will assume the position you held before you killed him, and you would assume the position he held before he pronounced those words.'" R 393 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Miqdad, son of Aswad who related this.

%

| 393- : : : " !" : : " !" . . : : " : !" : : " !" . " " : : . : "" : . |

%

FORBIDDING OF KILLING ANYONE WHO BEARS WITNESS TO THE ONENESS OF ALLAH H 394 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sent us out on an expedition to Huraqah, a valley of the Juhainah. We reached its water springs in the morning. An Ansari and I (Osama) caught one of their men and overcame him and he cried out: 'There is no god except Allah.' When the Ansari heard this he restrained himself, but I (Osama) killed him with my spear.' When they returned to Medina, the incident was brought to the attention of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, who asked me: 'Osama, did you kill him after he had said: 'There is no god except Allah?' I replied: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, he only bore witness to save his life.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked again: 'Did you kill him after he had said: There is no god except Allah?' and repeated the question over and over again until I wished that I had not embraced Islam before that day." We are also informed: "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked: "Did he bear witness that there is no god except Allah and yet you killed him?" I (Osama) replied, 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, he said it fearing our arms.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked him: 'Then why didn't you cut out his heart to discover whether or not he had said it from his heart?' He repeated it so many times that I wished I had only just embraced Islam on that day." R 394 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Osama the son of Zaid who related this.

%

| 394- : . : : " " : : . : " " : . : " " : . : " " : " " . |

%

KILLER AND THE KILLED H H 395 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sent a Muslim army against an unbelieving community, and they fought against each other. There was one unbeliever in particular who was very skillful. One of the Muslims - it was said that it was most likely Osama, the son of Zaid - was looking for an opportunity to kill this unbeliever. When he raised his sword over him, the unbeliever cried out: 'There is no god except Allah.' Yet the Muslim killed him. When the news of the victory reached the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, he was also informed of this incident. He sent for the Muslim and inquired: 'Why did you kill him?' He replied: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, he created havoc among the Muslims, killing several of them, so and so, so and so, etc. When I advanced against him and he saw my sword he exclaimed: 'There is no god except Allah.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked: 'Did you kill him?' He replied: 'Yes.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'On the Day of Judgement, what will you do to his witnessing: There is no god except Allah?' He asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, supplicate for forgiveness for me.' But the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, kept repeating without changing: 'What will you do to his witnessing: There is no god except Allah on the Day of Judgement?'" R 395 Muslim with a chain up to Jundab, the son of Abdullah who related this.

%

| 395- : : : . . |

%

WORLDLY JUDGMENT H 396 "Omar, the son of Khattab said: 'In the time of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, people were called to account through the Revelation. Now that the Revelations have ceased, you will be taken to account for your visible actions. From now on whosoever demonstrates something good we shall take it as such and consider him to be honest. We shall not inquire into his secret motives; Allah will take him to account for that. However, whosoever demonstrates evil we will neither uphold it nor accept it, even if he protests that his intentions were good.'" R 396 Bukhari with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Utbah son of Mas'ud who related that he heard Caliph Omar son of Khattab say this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 40 ] : ( ) [ : 12 ] : ( ) [ : 102-106 ] : ( ) [ : 28 ] : ( ) [ : 34-37 ] : ( ) [ : 1-2 ] : ( ) [ : 46] : ( ) [ : 25-28 ] : : |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 50 FEARING ALLAH Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "..... Me you must fear." 2:40 Koran "Indeed, the seizing of your Lord is severe." 85:12 Koran Such is the seizing of your Lord, When He seizes the evildoing villages His seizing is painful, stern. Indeed, for he who fears the punishment Of the Everlasting Life that is a sign. That is a Day on which everyone shall be assembled. That shall be a witnessed Day. We shall not postpone it except until a counted term. When that Day arrives no soul shall speak except by His permission. Some shall be wretched, and others happy. The wretched shall be (cast) in the Fire where they will moan and sigh, and there they shall live for ever as long as the heavens and the earth endure, and as your Lord wills. Indeed, your Lord accomplishes what He will. 11:102-107 Koran "Allah warns you to be cautious of Him......" 3:28 Koran "on that Day each man will flee from his brother, his mother and his father, his wife and his children. Everyone on that Day will have affairs to keep him occupied." 80:34-37 Koran "O people, have fear of your Lord. The earthquake of the Hour shall be a great thing. When that Day comes, every one that suckles shall forsake her suckling, and every carrier shall miscarry, and you shall see mankind drunk although they are not drunk; dreadful will be the punishment of Allah." 22:1-2 Koran "And for he who fears the standing (before) his Lord there are two Gardens." 55:46 Koran "They will go to one another asking each other questions: 'When we were among our people, they will say, 'we were ever fearful, but Allah has been gracious to us and has protected us from the punishment of the burning wind. Before we were supplicating to Him. He is the Giving, the Most Merciful.'" 52:25-28 Koran

%

| 396- : : " : . " . |

%

CONCEPTION, AND WHAT IS WRITTEN H 397 "Each one of you; his creation is determined when he is in his mother's womb, forty days as a drop, then it becomes a clot for the same (forty days) then it becomes a chewed (piece of flesh) for the same (forty days), then the angel is sent who breathes into it the soul then he is ordered with four words: His provision, his life span, his deeds, and whether he is unfortunate or happy. Then by He who there is no god except Him, one of you (example of the hypocrite) behaves like a dweller of Paradise until there is left between him and it the distance of only the length of an arm and then that which is recorded overtakes him and he begins to behave like the inhabitants of the Fire and eventually enters it. Then there is the one amongst you (who is not a hypocrite) who behaves like the inhabitants of the Fire until there is only left between him and it the length of an arm; then what is recorded overtakes him and he begins to behave like the dwellers of Paradise and eventually enters it." R 397 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Mas'ud who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, the confirmed, the truthful, told us this.

%

| 397- : : " " . |

%

BRINGING FORTH OF HELL H 398 "On the Day of Judgement, Hell will be brought forward with its seventy thousand bridles, each bridle will be pulled by seventy thousand angels." R 398 Muslim with a chain up to ibn Mas'ud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 398- : : " . " . |

%

LEAST PUNISHMENT IN HELL H 399 "The one who is least punished amongst the inhabitants of the Fire will be the one who has two brands of fire under his feet and his brain boils. He will imagine himself to be the most punished person and yet he will be the least punished among them." R 399 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Nu'man, the son of Bashir who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 399- : : " " . " " : "" : . |

%

FIRES OF HELL H 400 "The Fire will grab some by their ankles, and others by their knees, then there are some who are grabbed by their hips and some grabbed by their collar bone (in the Fire)." R 400 Muslim with a chain up to Samurah, the son of Jundab who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 400- : : " " . "" : . |

%

RESURRECTION H 401 "People will stand (up from their tombs) for the Lord of the Worlds, some of them are immersed in their perspiration up to the middle of their ears." R 401 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 401- : : " " . . : : " " . " " : . |

%

PARADISE AND HELL H 402 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, gave a sermon, the like of which Anas had never heard from him before. During it he said: 'If you knew what I know, you would laugh a little and weep a lot.' Thereupon those present covered their faces and sobbed." "Some news reached the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, concerning his Companions so he addressed them saying: 'Paradise and Hell have been shown to me. I have never seen anything so good or so evil like them until this day. If you knew what I know, you would laugh a little and weep a lot.' That was the hardest day for the Companions - they covered their faces and wept loudly." R 402 Bukhari and Muslim, Anas who related this.

%

| 402- : : " " : : " " . : . . |

%

SUN ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT H 403 "On the Day of Judgement the sun will be as close to the people as if it were only a meel away from them. Miqdad commented: 'By Allah, I do not know what was meant by a meel - a mile or the application stick of mascara. People will perspire according to the quality of their deeds. The perspiration of some will rise to their ankles, others to their knees, some to their waist and there will be some who will be bridled by their perspiration. Thereupon the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, illustrated the matter by pointing to his mouth." R 403 Muslim with a chain up to Miqdad who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 403- : : " " . " " : . |

%

PERSPIRATION ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT H 404 "People will perspire so much on the Day of Judgement that the earth will be saturated with it to a depth of seventy yards and people will be bridled with it once it reaches their ears." R 404 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 404- : : " " : . : " " . |

%

DEPTH OF HELL H 405 "The Companions were with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when he heard the sound of something heavy falling, and he asked them: 'Do you know what that was?' They replied: 'Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, know best.' He said: 'That was a stone that had been thrown into Hell seventy years ago; it kept falling until this moment. Now it has reached the bottom and the sound you heard was when it hit the bottom.'" R 405 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

%

| 405- : : " " . |

%

CHARITY - PROTECTION FROM THE FIRE H 406 "Shield yourselves from the Fire, even if it is by giving (as little as) half a date in charity." R 406 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Adiyy son of Hatim who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 406- : : " . " : " " . "" "" : : . "" : : : "" : . |

%

PROSTRATION OF THE ANGELS H 407 "I see what you do not. The heaven creaks and is justified in doing so. In it there is no space equal to four fingers that is not occupied by an angel whose forehead prostrates before Allah. If you knew what I know you would laugh a little and weep a lot. You would not enjoy sexual intercourse with your wives - you would go out into the streets and open roads seeking refuge with Allah; the High." R 407 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 407- - - : : " " : " " . |

%

QUESTIONS ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT H 408 "The worshiper of Allah will remain standing on the Day of Judgement until he is questioned about his age and how he spent it; about his knowledge and what he did with it, about his wealth and the way in which he acquired it and how it was spent; and about his body and how he used it." R 408 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Barzah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 408- : : ( ) [ : 4 ] : " " : . : " : " : " " . |

%

WITNESSING OF THE EARTH H 409 "'On that Day it shall proclaim her news.' 99:4 Koran. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, inquired: '"Do you know what its news is?' They replied: 'Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, know best.' He said: 'Its news is that it will bear witness against every man and women concerning the things they did on its back. It will say: You did this and this on such and such a day. This will be its news." R 409 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, recited this.

%

| 409- : : " ! " : " : " : " " . " " : : ( ( . |

%

ANGEL IS READY TO BLOW THE TRUMPET H 410 "'How can I expand and enjoy (this life) when the Angel who will blow the Trumpet has put his lips on the Trumpet ready to blow it?' This was heavy upon the Companions, so the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told them to say: 'Sufficient for us is Allah, an Excellent Guardian is He.'" R 410 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 410- : : " . " : " " . "" : . . |

%

PRICE OF PARADISE H 411 "He who is afraid sets out in the early part of the night; he who sets out early reaches his destination. Attention: indeed the enjoyment prepared by Allah is expensive and indeed His enjoyment is Paradise." R 411 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 411- : : " " : ! : " " . : " " . " " : . | |

%

@ H 412 "On the Day of Resurrection people will be gathered together bare-footed, naked and uncircumcised. Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, will men and women be together and look at each other?' He replied: 'Ayesha the matter is so hard that this will not concern them." R 412 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related that she heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| @ : ( ) [ : 53 ] : ( ) [ : 17 ] : ( ) [ : 48 ] : ( ) [ : 156 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 51 HOPE AND EXPECTING GOOD THINGS FROM ALLAH Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Say: 'O My worshipers, who have sinned excessively against themselves, do not despair of the Mercy of Allah, surely, Allah forgives all sins. He is the Forgiver, the Most Merciful.'" 39:53 Koran "..... do We recompense any except the unbelievers?" 34:17 Koran "It is revealed to us that a punishment will fall on those who belie and turn away." 20:48 Koran "..... yet My Mercy embraces all things....." 7:156 Koran

%

| 412- : : " " . : " " . |

%

ALWAYS HOPE FOR BELIEVERS H 413 "Whosoever bears witness that: There is no god except Allah, the One, without an associate, that Muhammad is His worshiper and Messenger, that Jesus is the worshiper and Messenger of Allah, and His Word that He conveyed to Mary and a (created) spirit from Him, that Paradise is a truth, that the Fire is a truth will be admitted by Allah to Paradise no matter what he did." R 413 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Ubadah, the son of Samit who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 413- : : " : . " . : " " " " " " " " : " " : : . |

%

MERCY AND GENEROSITY OF ALLAH H 414 "Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified says: 'Whosoever does one good deed will be recompensed ten times or I shall give him more. Whosoever does an evil deed will be punished only for one sin or I shall forgive him. Whosoever approaches Me by the span of a hand I will approach him by an arm's length. Whosoever approaches Me by an arm's length I will approach him by two arms lengths. Whosoever comes to Me walking, I shall come to him running. Whosoever meets Me with the earth full of sins provided he has not associated anything with Me I shall I meet him with an equal amount of forgiveness.'" R 414 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 414- : : : " " . |

%

GUARANTORS OF PARADISE AND HELL H H 415 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was asked by a Bedouin Arab: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, what are the two guarantors (of Paradise)?' He answered: 'Whosoever dies and does not associate anything with Allah will enter Paradise. But whosoever dies associating anything with Allah will enter Hell.'" R 415 Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that a Bedouin Arab came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and asked this question

%

| 415- : : " " : : " " : : " " : : " " : : " " . . : "" . |

%

REWARD OF SINCERE WITNESSING H H 416 "Mu'az was riding pillion behind the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, called to him and he replied: 'Obedient with happiness and much help O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him,' He repeated this three times. Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'For those worshipers of Allah who sincerely bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and that Muhammad is His worshiper and Messenger, Allah has forbidden the Fire for them!' Mu'az asked: "O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, shall I tell everyone so that they may rejoice?' He replied: '(No,) perhaps they would depend upon this entirely.' When death approached Mu'az, he disclosed what the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had told him, fearing that he would be guilty of withholding some of the knowledge he had been given." R 416 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this hadith

%

| 416- -- ( ) : : : "" : . : "" : " " : " " . |

%

SINCERE WITNESSING AND THE MIRACULOUS MEAL H 417 "On the day of the battle of Tabuk the Muslims were extremely hungry so they asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, would you permit us to slaughter our camels and eat their meat and use their fat?' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, gave them permission. Whereupon Omar said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, if we do this, our transportation will suffer. If you ask everyone to bring whatever they have left over and if you pray over it and supplicate to Allah to bless it, He would bestow His blessings upon it.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, agreed and asked for his leather table floor-covering to be brought and spread out. Then he asked his Companions to bring their left-overs, and this they did. One brought a handful of beans, another brought a handful of dates, a third brought a piece of bread and they placed them on the covering. Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, supplicated for it to be blessed. When he had finished his supplication he said: 'Pick up your bowls' and everyone filled his bowl with food, and there was not one empty bowl in the whole camp. All of them had enough to suffice them, and there was still some left over! The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'I bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and that I am His Messenger. No worshiper of Allah who meets Him with these two affirmations, believing sincerely in them, will be denied Paradise.'" R 417 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah (or Abu Sa'id Khudri) who related this hadith

%

| 417- : : : "" : " " : ! : : " : " : ! : " : " . "" : . "" : . : " " : . |

%

THE PROPHET AND THE PERSON ACCUSED OF HYPOCRISY H 418 "It was my (Itban, the son of Malik ) practice to join my tribe, the Bani Salim in prayer, however, between them was a valley prone to floods, which, once flooded became difficult for me to make the crossing to the Mosque. So I went to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and said: 'My eyesight is poor and I find it difficult to cross over the valley that separates me from my tribe when it is flooded. I would like it very much if you would come to my house and pray inside it so that I may assign that part as my place of prayer.' The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, agreed. The next day, when the sun had risen high the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, came to my house with Abu Bakr and asked permission to enter, which I gave. He asked me: 'Where do you wish me to pray?' So I pointed out the place to him. He stood for prayer and commenced with Allah is Great (the Takbir) and we lined up behind him. He prayed two units (rak'a) of prayer and we prayed behind him. After he had finished the prayer, I offered him some food prepared from sugar, milk and finely ground flour. When my neighbors heard that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, was in my house they gathered there in large numbers. Someone asked: 'What has happened to Malik, the son of Dakhsahm?' Another said: 'He is not here.' Then another said: 'He is a hypocrite. He does not love Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him.' Upon hearing this, the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Do not say that, don't you know that he has said: There is no god except Allah seeking only the pleasure of Allah?' The man said: 'Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, know best, but as for us we see that his friendship and conversation are confined to the hypocrites.' The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Allah will protect whosoever bears witness that there is no god except Allah, seeking with it only the pleasure of Allah, from the Fire.'" R 418 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Itban son of Malik who related this hadith

%

| 418- : : " " : . : " " . |

%

MERCY OF ALLAH TO HIS WORSHIPERS H H 419 "Some captives were brought before the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and among them there was a woman who ran frantically here and there searching for her child. When she found her child she picked it up, hugged and suckled it. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said to his Companions: 'Could you imagine this woman throwing her child into the Fire?' The Companions replied: 'Indeed no.' Then he said: 'Allah is more merciful towards His worshipers than she is towards her child.'" R 419 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Omar the son of Khattab who related this hadith

%

| 419- : : " : " . : " " : " " . |

%

MERCY OF ALLAH ENCOMPASSES AND SURPASSES HIS ANGER H 420 "When Allah created mankind He wrote in a Book which is with Him on His Throne: 'My Mercy will prevail over My Wrath.'" We are also informed: "My Mercy encompasses My Anger." "My Mercy surpasses My Anger." R 420 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

%

| 420- : : " " . : " " . : : " " . : " " . |

%

HOW LITTLE WE KNOW OF MERCY H 421 "Allah divided (His) mercy into a hundred parts. He retained ninety-nine parts and sent the remaining part down to earth. It is from this part that the creation extends mercy to one another; so that an animal lifts its foot above its young just in case it might harm it." We are also informed: "With Allah there are a hundred parts of mercy. One part He has sent down for humans, jinn, animals, and insects. It is through this that they deal kindly with one another, love one another, and are merciful to one another. Even the animal raises its hoof to avoid its young in case it should hurt it. Allah has retained the remaining ninety-nine parts to deal mercifully with His worshipers on the Day of Judgement." We are also informed: "With Allah are a hundred parts of mercy. One part is used by all creatures - a kindness between them. Ninety-nine parts will be imparted on the Day of Judgement." We are also informed: "Allah created one hundred parts of mercy on the Day He created the heavens and the earth; each part is equal to the space between heaven and earth. Of them, He placed one part on the earth. It is through this a mother has mercy for her children, animals and birds have mercy for one another. On the Day of Judgment He will perfect and complete His Mercy." R 421 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this

%

| 421- : " : : : : " . : " " : . |

%

ALLAH IS OFT RETURNING H 422 "A worshiper of Allah committed a sin and then supplicated: 'Allah, forgive me my sin.' Allah, the Blessed and the High, said: 'My worshiper has committed a sin and then realized that he has a Lord who forgives sin and also takes to account for it.' After that the worshiper reverted to it and sinned again and supplicated: 'Lord, forgive me my sin.' The Blessed and the High said: 'My worshiper has committed a sin and then realized that he has a Lord who forgives sin and also takes to account for it.' Once again the worshiper reverted and sinned again and supplicated as before: 'Lord, forgive me my sin.' The Blessed and the High said: 'My worshiper has committed a sin and then realized that he has a Lord who forgives sin and also takes to account for it. I have forgiven My worshiper, so let him do what he wishes (as long as he repents).'" R 422 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 422- : : " " . |

%

ALLAH LOVES THOSE WHO ASK FOR FORGIVENESS H 423 "By Him in whose Hands is my life, if you had not sinned, Allah would have removed you and put in your place a people who would have sinned and then asked for forgiveness, so that He would forgive them." R 423 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 423- : : " " . |

%

FORGIVENESS H 424 "If you had not sinned, Allah would have created a creation that sinned and then asked for forgiveness, and He would have forgiven them." R 424 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Ayub Khalid, the son of Zaid who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 424- : ... : : " " . |

%

REWARD FOR SINCERE TESTIMONY H H 425 "Some of the Companions including Omar and Abu Bakr were sitting with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when he stood up and left us. Time passed and we became anxious in case he had been harmed and we were not with him. Being concerned, we all stood up - Abu Hurairah being the first to do so - and set off in search of him. When Abu Hurairah reached a garden belonging to an Ansar he found the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, (Thereafter followed a lengthy discourse which concluded with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him) saying: 'Go, and give the good news to those you met outside this garden, who, in sincerity bear witness from their heart that - there is no god except Allah - that they will be the inhabitants of Paradise.'" R 425 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this hadith

%

| 425- : : ( ) [ : 36 ] : ( ) [ : 118 ] : " " : " - - " - - : " : " . |

%

PROMISE OF ALLAH TO HIS PROPHET H H 426 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, recited the verse of Allah from the Koran pertaining to Prophet Abraham who supplicated: 'My Lord they have led many people astray. Whosoever follows me belongs to me, whosoever rebels against me, You are surely Forgiving, the Most Merciful.' 14:36. After, he recited from the Koran the verse pertaining to the words of Prophet Jesus: 'If You punish them (for their disbelief), they surely are Your subjects, and if You forgive them, surely You are the Almighty, the Wise." 5:118. Then Prophet Muhammad, praise and peace be upon him, raised his hands and supplicated: 'O Allah, my nation, my nation' and he wept. Thereupon Allah ordered Gabriel: 'Go to Muhammad and ask him what makes you weep?' So Gabriel went to him and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told him what he had said, (Allah was of course aware of what had happened, but He likes us to ask Him). Then Allah ordered Gabriel: 'Go to Muhammad and tell him: We will cause you to be pleased concerning your nation, and will not make you sorrowful.'" R 426 Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Amr, son of Al 'As who related this hadith

%

| 426- : : " " : . : " " : : " " . |

%

RIGHTS DUE TO ALLAH, AND HIS RIGHTS TO US H 427 "Mu'az was riding pillion behind the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, on a donkey when he asked: 'Mu'az, do you know what right is due to Allah from His worshipers, and what right is due to a worshiper from Allah?' Mu'az replied: 'Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, know best.' He said: 'The right due to Allah from His worshipers is that they worship Him and do not associate anything with Him. The right of the worshipers of Allah from Him is that He will not punish those who do not associate anything with Him.' When Mu'az heard this he said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, can I convey this good news to the people?' He replied: 'Do not do this, perhaps they may come to depend upon it alone.'" R 427 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Mu'az the son of Jabal who related this hadith

%

| 427- : " : ( ) [ : 27 ]" . |

%

QUESTIONING IN THE GRAVE H 428 "When a Muslim is questioned in the grave he testifies that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him. This is confirmed in the verse: 'Allah will strengthen the believers with a steadfast Word, both in this life and in the Everlasting Life....'" 14:27 Koran R 428 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Bra'a, the son of 'Azib who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

%

| 428- : " " . : " . " . |

%

WHEN AN UNBELIEVER DOES GOOD H 429 "Whenever an unbeliever does something good, he is given its return in this world. However, the case of a Muslim is that Allah stores his good deeds in the Everlasting Life for him and provides for him in this life on account of his obedience." We are also informed: "Allah does not wrong anyone. A believer is rewarded for his good deeds in this life and in the Everlasting Life. However, an unbeliever is rewarded in this world for the good deeds he does for the sake of Allah but when he reaches the Everlasting Life there are no good deeds left for him so he receives no reward." R 429 Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this hadith

%

| 429- : : " " . " " : . |

%

PRAYER CLEANSES ONE FROM SIN H 430 "The five daily prayers can be compared to a river running outside your door in which one bathes five times a day to remove dirt. The one who prays the five daily prayers is clean like this." R 430 Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

%

| 430- : : " " . |

%

FUNERAL PRAYER H 431 "When a Muslim dies and forty people who do not associate anything Allah, pray the funeral prayer over him, Allah accepts their prayers for him." R 431 Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this hadith.

%

| 431- : : " " : . : " " : : " " . H 432 H "There were approximately forty Companions with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, inside a tent, when he asked them: 'Would it please you if you were to become a quarter of the dwellers of Paradise?' They answered: 'Yes!' Then he asked: 'Would you be pleased if you were to become a third of the dwellers of Paradise?' They answered: 'Yes!' Then he said: 'By Him in whose Hands is the life of Muhammad, I hope that you will become half of the dwellers of Paradise. None will enter Paradise except a soul that is in complete submission to Allah; and your proportion among the unbeliever is like that of a white hair on the hide of a black ox, or that of black hair on the hide of a red ox.'" R 432 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Mas'ud who related this hadith

%

| 432- : : " : " . : " " . : " : " : " " " " : . |

%

DELIVERANCE FROM THE FIRE H 433 "On the Day of Judgement Allah will give to each Muslim a Jew, or a Christian and will say: 'He is your ransom for your deliverance from the Fire.'" "On the Day of Judgement there will be some Muslims who come with sins piled up as high as mountains but Allah will forgive them." R 433 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this hadith

%

| 433- : : " : : : " . " " : . |

%

FORGIVENESS OF CONCEALED SINS H 434 "On the Day of Judgement, a believer will approach his Lord and He will encompass him in His Mercy. He will question him about his sins saying: 'Do you recognize this sin and this sin?' He will answer: 'Lord, I recognize them.' Then He will say: 'I concealed them for you in the world, and I forgive you today.' Thereafter the record of his good works will be handed to him." R 434 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this hadith

%

| 434- : : ( ) [ : 114] : : " " . |

%

HOW TO BE FORGIVEN H H 435 "A man kissed a woman so he went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and told him. Then, Allah sent down this verse: 'And establish your prayers at the two edges of the day and in part of the night. Good deeds will repel evil deeds.... '11:114 Koran The man asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, is this for me?' He answered: 'It is for all my nation, everyone of them.'" R 435 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Mas'ud who related this hadith

%

| 435- : : : . : " " : . : " " . |

%

POWER OF PRAYER H 436 "A man came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, I have committed a sin which is punishable. Please punish me.' It was the time for the prayer so the man prayed behind the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, When the prayer was over he asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, again: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I have sinned, please punish me!' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked him: "Did you pray with us?" He replied: "Yes." So the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said, 'Then you have been forgiven.'" R 436 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this hadith

%

| 436- : : " " . " " : . |

%

PRAISE ALLAH WHEN YOU EAT AND DRINK H 437 "Allah is pleased with His worshiper who eats a little and praises Allah for it and drinks a mouthful then praises Allah for it." R 437 Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this hadith

%

| 437- : " " . |

%

UNTIL THE SUN RISES FROM THE WEST H 438 "Allah will continue to hold out His Hand at night so that he who has sinned during the day might repent, and to hold out His Hand during the day so that he who has sinned at night might repent, till the sun rises from the west." R 438 Muslim with a chain up to (Abu Musa) Abdullah, the son of Kays al-Ash'ari said that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this hadith

%

| 438- - - : : : " " : : " " : : " " : : " " : : " " : : : : : " " : : : " " : : : " " . : ! : - - . . : " " : " " : : . : " " : . : " " : " " : " " . : "" : . |

%

PRAYER, ITS REQUISITES AND MERITS H 439 "In the Days of Ignorance, Abu Najih Amr's opinion was that the people were lost. They were idol worshipers and there was no truth in what they followed. One day, he heard that there was a man in Mecca saying something different, so he mounted his camel and set off to see him. He learned that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, lived in seclusion and that he was persecuted by his people. Eventually, after making several inquiries he met him. He asked who he was and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'I am a Prophet.' So Abu Najih asked him the meaning of a prophet, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'Allah has sent me as His Messenger.' He asked why Allah had sent him. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, informed him that: 'He has sent me to strengthen the ties of kinship, destroy the idols, proclaim that God is One and that nothing is to be associated with Him.' Abu Najih then asked who his followers were. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'A freeman and a slave.' (At that time only Abu Bakr and Bilal were with him). Abu Najih told him that he wanted to be his follower but the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told him: 'It is not advisable at the moment' and asked him 'have you seen my situation and the attitude of the people? Return to your people but once you hear the news that my cause has triumphed, come to me.' Abu Najih returned to his people, and during that time the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, migrated to Medina. Abu Najih continued to ask the people if there was any news of him. Then one day some of his people who had been visiting Medina returned. He asked them how the man from Mecca had been received in Medina. They told him that the people were hastening to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and that his own people had plotted to kill him but failed. Upon hearing this Abu Najih set off for Medina and went directly to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, do you remember me?' He replied: 'Yes, you are the one who met me in Mecca.' Abu Najih asked: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, tell me something I do not know that Allah has taught you; tell me about prayer.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, answered: "Pray the morning prayer, then do not pray again until the sun has risen to the height of a spear, because it rises between the two horns of satan (metaphoric eloquence to indicate the maneuvering of satan and his followers) and it is at that time the unbelievers prostrate themselves before it. After that time you can pray and the prayer will be attended by angels that bear witness to it until the shadow of a spear is under it. At that time do not pray because it is then that Hell is refueled. Once the shadow lengthens you may pray again and the prayer is attended by angels that bear witness to it until the time for the afternoon (Asr) prayer. After you have prayed the afternoon prayer do not pray again until the sun has set, because it sets between the two horns of satan and it is also at that time the unbelievers prostrate themselves before it. After this Abu Najih asked the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, to tell him how to cleanse himself for prayer. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told him: 'When someone begins their ablution he starts by washing his mouth, then his nose and the sins of the mouth and nose are washed away. Next he washes his face as Allah has commanded and the sins of his face are washed away from the sides of his beard with the water. After this he washes his hands up to (and including) the elbows and the sins of his hands are washed away through his fingers by the water. Following this he passes his wet hands over his head and the sins of the head are washed away through the ends of his hair by the water. Then he washes his feet up to the ankles and the sins of his feet are washed away through his toes by the water. As soon as he stands in prayer, praises and exalts Allah then proclaims His Greatness according to His Worthiness devoting his heart entirely to Allah, he emerges from his sins in the same pure condition his mother bore him.' When Abu Najih who related this to Abu Umamah, a Companion of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, Abu Umamah advised Abu Najih to be careful about relating what he had been given in a certain place. To this Abu Najih said: 'I have reached old age, my bones have become dry, my death approaches and there is no need to lie about Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him. Had I not heard this from the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, once, twice, three times (and he counted up to seven) I would never relate it. In fact, I have heard this even more often.'" R 439 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Najih Amr, the son of Abasah who related this hadith

%

| 439- : " " . |

%

MERCY AND RUINATION H 440 "When Allah determines mercy for a nation He takes their Prophet before it and makes him a herald as an early representative for them. When He determines the ruin of a nation He punishes and destroys it while its Prophet is alive; watching and satisfying his eyes with its destruction because they rejected and disobeyed his commands." R 440 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

: [ ] [ : 44-45 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 52 HOPE IN ALLAH Let us start by reading a verse from the Koran The Koran says: "..... To Allah I commit my affair, surely, Allah sees His worshipers. Allah saved him from the evils that they devised..... 40:44-45

%

| 440- : " : " . . : " " " " . |

%

RESPONSE OF ALLAH H 441 "Allah says: 'To every worshiper of Mine, I am as he thinks Me to be. I am with him wherever he remembers Me.' Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'By Allah, He is more pleased with the repentance of His worshiper than any of you if you found something you lost in the desert.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told them that Allah says: 'Whosoever approaches Me by the span of a hand, I approach him by an arms length. Whosoever approaches Me by an arms length, I approach him by two arms length. If a worshiper of Mine comes to Me walking, I go to him running.'" R 441 Bukhari and Muslimim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

%

| 441- : : " " . |

%

DIE HOPING FOR THE BEST FROM ALLAH H 442 "Three days before the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, passed away he told his Companions: 'Let none of you die except hoping for the best from Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified.'" R 442 Muslim with a chain up to Jabir, the son of Abdullah who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 442- : : " : . . " : " " . " " : : : . " " : : . |

%

IMPORTANCE OF NOT ASSOCIATING ANYONE OR THING WITH ALLAH H 443 "Anas heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say: 'Allah, the Exalted says: O son of Adam, I shall continue to forgive you as long as you call upon Me hoping for My forgiveness, no matter what your sins are, I do not care, O son of Adam, even if your sins are piled up as high as the sky; if you supplicate to Me asking for forgiveness I will forgive you. O Son of Adam, if you come to Me with sins equal to the whole earth, and meet Me not associating anything with Me, I will come to you with the earth full of forgiveness.'" R 443 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Anas who related this.

%

| @ . : [ ] [ : 99 ] : [ ] [ : 87 ] : [ ] [ : 106 ] : [ ] [ : 166 ] : [ ] [ : 13-14 ] : [ ] [ : 6-9 ] . . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 53 COMBINING HOPE AND FEAR OF ALLAH Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "Do they feel themselves secure from the devising of Allah? None feels secure from the devising of Allah except the loosing nation." 7:99 Koran "..... do not despair of the Comfort of Allah, none but unbelievers despair of the Comfort of Allah. 12:87 Koran The Day when faces will be whitened and faces blackened...... 3:106 Koran ..... Swift is the retribution of your Lord, yet surely He is Forgiving, the Most Merciful. 7:167 Koran "Indeed, the righteous, surely shall live in bliss. But the wicked, indeed they shall be in the Fiery Furnace." 82:13-14 "Then he whose deeds weigh heavy in the Scale shall live in a life which is pleasing, but he whose weight is light in the Scale, his head will be in the Plunging." 101:6-9 Koran

%

| 443- : : " " . |

%

EXPECTATION AND DESPAIR H 444 "If a believer realized the full extent of the punishment of Allah, none will expect to desire His Paradise; and if an unbeliever realized the full extent of the Mercy of Allah, none would despair of His Paradise." R 444 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

%

| 444- : : " : : ! " . |

%

VOICE OF THE CORPSE H 445 "When the bier is lifted on to the shoulders of the pall-bearers, if the corpse is that of a righteous person it urges: 'Go forward with me, go forward with me.' If it is that of an unrighteous person, it says: 'Alas, where are you taking it?" Its voice is heard by everything except man; if man heard it he would be struck dead.'" R 445 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

%

| 445- : : " " . |

%

NEARNESS OF PARADISE AND HELL H 446 "Paradise is closer to you than your shoe-lace, and the same is the case with Hell." R 446 Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Mas'ud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

%

| @ : [ ] [ : 109 ] : [ ] [ : 59 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 54 WEEPING THROUGH FEAR OF ALLAH, THE HIGH, AND LONGING FOR HIM Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "They fall down upon their chin, weeping and it increases them in humility." 17:109 Koran "Do you marvel then at this discourse (the Koran)? Or do you laugh and do you not weep." 53:59-60 Koran

%

| 446- : : " " : ! : " " : [ ] [ : 41 ] : " " . . |

%

TEARS OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him H 447 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked ibn Mas'ud to recite the Koran to him. He said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, should I recite the Koran to you, when it is you to whom it has been sent down?' He replied: 'I like to hear it recited by another.' So he recited to him the chapter An Nisa (Women) until he reached the verse: "How then shall it be when We bring forward from every nation a witness, and bring you (Prophet Muhammad) to witness against those!" (4:41) when he said: 'That is enough for now.' Ibn Mas'ud looked at him and saw tears overflowing from his eyes." R 447 Bukhari and Muslim via ibn Mas'ud who related this hadith

%

| 447- : : " " : . . . |

%

KNOWLEDGE OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon H him, H 448 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, gave a sermon, the like of which I (Anas) had never heard from him before. During it he said: 'If you knew what I know, you would laugh a little and weep a lot.' Anas added 'The Companions of the Prophet covered their heads while they wept.'" R 448 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this hadith

%

| 448- : : " " : " " . |

%

WEEPING IN FEAR OF ALLAH H 449 "Whosoever weeps out of fear of Allah will not enter the Fire unless milk recedes into the breasts. Also the dust stirred in the cause of Allah will not join with the smoke of Hell." R 449 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related: The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this hadith

%

| 449- : : " : : " . |

%

THOSE PROTECTED IN THE SHADE OF ALLAH ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT H 450 "There will be seven types who will be protected in the shade of the Mercy of Allah on the Day of Judgement; there being no other shade except His Mercy. (They are:) A just ruler. A youth who occupied himself worshiping Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified. A person who loved another for the Sake of Allah, they met together for His Sake and parted for His Sake. A person who is enticed by a beautiful, charming woman but declines saying: "I fear Allah." A person whose heart is attached to the mosque. A person who spends secretly in charity, so that his left hand does not know what his right hand spends. A person who remembers Allah when he is alone so that his eyes overflow with tears." R 450 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

%

| 450- : . . |

%

WEEPING OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him H 451 "Abdullah, the son of Shikhir went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and found him praying. The sound of his sobbing was like the sound of a boiling kettle." R 451 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Shikhir who related this hadith

%

| 451- : : " : [ ... ] : : "" . . : . |

%

AL BAYYINA H 452 "Allah, the Mighty, the Glorified, has ordered me to recite to you (Ubayy) the chapter 98, Al-Bayyina: The Proof. Ubayy asked: 'Did He name me?' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, replied: 'Yes', whereupon Ubayy sobbed deeply." R 452 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this to Ubayy, the son of Ka'ab

%

| 452- : : : ! : . . |

%

WHY UMM AIMAN WEPT H 453 "After the death of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, Abu Bakr said to Omar 'Come, let us go and visit Umm Aiman because the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, used to visit her.' When they arrived she started weeping, so they asked: 'Why are you crying? Don't you know that which Allah has is better for the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him?' She answered: 'Indeed I know that which Allah has is better for the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, I cry because the Revelation has stopped coming down from the heaven.' This moved the two and they began to cry with her." R 453 Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related this hadith

%

| 453- : : " " : : " " . : : . . |

%

ABU BAKR IS INSTRUCTED TO LEAD THE PRAYER H 454 "When the illness of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, became severe he was asked about the prayer so he said: 'Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer.' Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, overheard this and said: 'Abu Bakr is very tender-hearted, he is sure to be overcome when he recites the Koran.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, repeated: 'Tell him to lead the prayer.'" We are also informed: "When Abu Bakr stands (to pray) in your place people will not be able to hear him because of his weeping." R 454 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related that Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, said this.

%

| 454- : : - : - . . |

%

BURIAL OF MUS'AB, SON OF UMAIR H 455 "Food was brought to Abdur Rahman the son of Auf to break his fast, when he said: 'Mus'ab, the son of Umair was martyred, and he was a better man than I. There was nothing in which to shroud him except for a sheet that was so small that if his head was covered his feet remained uncovered, and if his feet were covered his head remained uncovered. We have been generously given the bounties of this world, and I fear that the reward for our good deeds may have been hastened for us.' At this he began to sob and stopped eating." R 455 Bukhari with a chain up to Ibrahim, the son of Abdur Rahman, son of Auf who related this hadith

%

| 455- : " : . : " : " " . : |

%

TEARS AND BLOOD H 456 "There is nothing dearer to Allah than two drops and two marks. The drops are a tear that drops out of fear of Allah, and a drop of blood shed in the Cause of Allah. The marks are the mark received in the Cause of Allah, and a mark acquired discharging an obligation ordered by Allah." R 456 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Umamah Sudayy, the son of Ajalan Bahili who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

%

| : . . |

%

HEARTS THAT FEARED AND EYES THAT WEPT H H 457 "The Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, delivered a sermon to us in which the hearts feared and the eyes wept." R 457 In this chapter there are numerous prophetic quotations for example the quotations of Al Irbad, the son of Sariah previously mentioned in the chapter of Prohibiting the Innovation:

%

| @ : [ ] [ : 24 ] : [ ] [ : 45-46 ] : [ ] [ : 20 ] : [ ] [ : 14 ] : [ ] [ : 5 ] : [ ] [ : 1-5 ] : [ ] [ : 64 ] . . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 55 INDIFFERENCE TO THE WORLD and CONTENTMENT WITH A LITTLE Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "This present life is like the water We send down from the sky. The plants of the earth mix with it and from it mankind and cattle eat; then when the earth has become lush and adorned, its inhabitants think they have power over it, Our command comes upon it by night or day, and We cause it to be stubble, just as though it had not flourished they day before. In this way We distinguish Our verses for those who reflect." 10:24 Koran "Give to them a parable about this present life. It is like water We have sent down from the sky with which the plants of the earth mingle, and in the morning it is straw the wind scatters. Allah is Powerful over all things. Wealth and children are the ornaments of this present life. But the things that last and good deeds are better with your Lord in reward and hope." 18:45-46 Koran "Know that the life of this world is but play and an amusement, and adornment, and a cause for boasting among you, a rivalry for greater riches and children. It is like rain whose vegetation pleases the unbelievers, but then it withers and turns yellow, becoming broken stubble. In the Everlasting Life is a terrible punishment and forgiveness, and great pleasure from Allah. The life of this world is nothing except the joy of delusion." 57:20 Koran "Decorated for people are the desires of women, offspring, and of heaped up piles of gold and silver, of pedigree horses, cattle and sown fields. These are the enjoyments of the worldly life, but with Allah is the best return." 3:14 Koran "People, the promise of Allah is true, so do not let this present life delude you, and do not let the deluder (satan) delude you about Allah." 35:5 Koran "The excessive gathering (of increase and boasting) occupied you (from worshiping and obeying) until you visit the graves. But no, indeed, you shall soon know. Again, indeed, you shall soon know. Indeed, did you know with certain knowledge that you shall surely see Hell?" 102:1-5 Koran "The life of this world is nothing but a diversion and play. Indeed, the Everlasting Residence is the Eternal Life, if they but knew." 29:64 Koran

%

| 456- : : " " : : " " . |

%

ATTRACTIONS OF THE WORLD H 458 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had sent Abu Ubaidah, the son of Jarrah to Bahrain to collect the poll-tax and he had returned from Bahrain with the money. The Ansar heard the news when they gathered together for the morning prayers with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him. After the prayer had finished and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was about to leave they presented themselves before him. When he saw them, he smiled and said: 'I think you must have heard that Abu Ubaidah has returned from Bahrain with something.' They replied: 'That is so, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Be happy, and hope for that which will please you. It is not poverty that I fear for you. What I fear for you is that the world is expanded for you as it was for the people before you, and you will compete as they competed, then it will destroy you as it destroyed them.'" R 458 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Amr, the son of Auf Ansari who related this hadith

%

| 457- : : " " . |

%

DISTRACTIONS H H 459 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sat upon the pulpit and we (the Companions) sat around him and he said: 'I fear for you after I have gone, the ornaments and embellishments of the world that may be thrown before you.'" R 459 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related this hadith

%

| 458- : : " ǡ " . |

%

ALLAH IS FOREVER WATCHFUL H 460 "The world is green and pleasant and Allah appoints you as caliphs in it and watches how you conduct yourselves. Therefore, protect yourselves against the world and protect yourselves from (the attraction of) women." R 460 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Khudri who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

%

| 459- : : " " . |

%

REAL LIFE H 461 "O Allah, there is no life but the Everlasting Life." R 461 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this

%

| 460- : " : : : " . |

%

YOUR DEEDS H 462 "Three accompany the deceased: members of his family, his belongings and his deeds. The first two leave but the third remains." R 462 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 461- : : " : : : : " . |

%

MOST WEALTHY PERSON AND THE MOST TRIED H 463 "The most wealthy person in the world destined for Hell will be brought forward on the Day of Judgement and dipped once into the Fire then asked: 'O son of Adam, did you ever enjoy anything good, did you ever experience any happiness?' His reply will be: 'Never, O Lord.' Then the one who experienced the most harsh adversity in the world and is destined for Paradise will be brought forward and dipped once into Paradise then asked: 'O son of Adam, have you ever experienced adversity, did you ever experience hardship?' His reply will be: 'No, I neither experienced adversity nor hardship.'" R 463 Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 462- : : " !" . |

%

VALUE OF THE WORLD H 464 "In comparison to the Everlasting Life the value of the world is just as if one of you dipped a finger into the ocean, withdrew it and examined how much water remained on it." R 464 Muslim with a chain up to Mustaurid, the son of Shaddad who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 463- : : " " : : " " : ! : " " . : "" : . "" : . |

%

VALUE OF THE WORLD H 465 "The Companions were walking on either side of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, along a street when he saw a dead goat that had its ears slit. He caught hold of it by its ear and said: 'Which of you would like to have this for a dirham?' They replied: 'We wouldn't like it for any amount, what would we do with it?' He then asked: 'Would you like to have it for nothing?' They answered: 'If it had been alive it would have been disfigured on account of it's ears being slit, and what use is it now that it is dead?' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Indeed, the world is even more useless in the Sight of Allah than this is in your eyes.'" R 465 Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related this hadith.

%

| 464- : : " " : . : " " : " " " " . : " " : " " : : " " : : " . : " : : " " . |

%

DISTRIBUTION OF ONE'S WEALTH H 466 "Abu Dharr was walking with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, along the stony plain of Medina when they saw (the mountain of) Uhud in front of them. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, called to Abu Dharr and he replied: 'Obedient to you, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.' He said: 'If I had as much gold as (the weight of) Uhud it would not please me to have a single dinar from it for three days, unless it was to kept to repay a debt. I would distribute it among the worshipers of Allah like this and that; this to the right, and to the left and behind.' Then, he walked on saying: 'Those who have plenty of wealth will be the ones who have the least on the Day of Judgement, unless they spend their wealth like this and that; this to the right, and that to the left and behind, but such people are few. Then he told Abu Dharr, 'Remain here and do not move until I come back to you.' And he walked away out of sight into the dark. Soon afterwards Abu Dharr heard a loud voice and became afraid that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, might have encountered something untoward. He wanted to go to him but remembered his instruction to remain where he was until he returned. So he remained there until the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, returned, then said: 'I heard a voice which caused me to fear but I remembered your instruction to me.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked: 'Did you hear him?' Abu Dharr replied: 'Yes.' So the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, informed him: 'It was Gabriel, he came to me and said: Whosoever of your followers dies, and has not associated anything with Allah, will enter Paradise.' Abu Dharr asked: 'Even if has committed adultery or theft?" He replied: 'Even if he has committed adultery or theft.'" R 466 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Dharr who related this hadith.

%

| 465- : " " . |

%

REPAY YOUR DEBT H 467 "If I had gold equal to (the weight of the mountain of) Uhud, it would please me that I had nothing left of it after three nights unless I retained some to repay a debt." R 467 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 466- : : " " . : " " . |

%

BE GRATEFUL FOR THAT WHICH YOU HAVE BEEN GIVEN H 468 "Look at one who has less than you and do not look at the one who has more than you. This will help you to appreciate the bounties which Allah has given to you. When any of you looks at someone richer and more handsome than himself, he should also look at one who has been given less than himself." R 468 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 467- : " " . |

%

WEALTH AND DISPLEASURE H 469 "Ruined are the worshipers of dinars and dirhams, black cloaks and striped cloaks. If they are given they are pleased but if they are not given they become displeased." R 469 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 468- : : . . |

%

SUFFA H 470 "Abu Hurairah knew seventy of the Companions of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, known as the Suffa and not one of them possessed a cloak, a top and a bottom. They possessed either a loin cloth or a covering that they threw over their necks and hung either to the mid-calf or down to their ankles. They kept it in place with their hands lest their genitalia might be exposed." R 470 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this.

%

| 469- : : " " . |

%

PRISON H 471 "The world is a prison for the believer yet the paradise of the unbeliever." R 471 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 470- : : " " . : . . : . |

%

STRANGER IN THE WORLD H 472 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, took hold of ibn Omar by his shoulders and said, 'Be in the world as if you are a stranger or a traveler.'" Ibn Omar would say: "When evening arrives do not look forward to the morning and when morning arrives do not look forward to the evening. During health prepare for illness, and while you are alive prepare for death." R 472 Bukhari with a chain up to ibn Omar who related this hadith.

%

| 471- : : : " " . |

%

HOW TO WIN THE LOVE OF ALLAH AND PEOPLE H 473 "A man came to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, tell me something that I can do in order to win the love of Allah and the love of people.' He told him: 'Do not desire the world, and Allah will love you; and do not desire that which other people have and they will love you.'" R 473 Ibn-i-Majah - Abu Abbas Sahl, the son of Sa'ad Sa'idi, ibn-i-Majah as well as others related this hadith.

%

| 472- : : . . " " : . |

%

TIME OF AUSTERITY H H 474 "Omar, the son of Khattab reminded the people of the austere life Muslims once led before they became rich and prosperous (during his caliphate) and said: 'I have known the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, pass days in hunger. Even days when he was unable to get some rotten dates to satisfy his hunger.'" R 474 Muslim with a chain up to Nu'man, the son of Bashir who related this.

%

| 473- : . . : " " : . |

%

PANTRY OF THE PROPHET H 475 "When the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, passed away there was nothing edible in my (Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her) house except a small quantity of barley on a shelf upon which I had lived for a considerable time. I measured what was left and it was not long until it was finished." R 475 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her related this.

%

| 474- : . . |

%

INHERITANCE OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him H 476 "When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, passed away he left neither a dinar nor a dirham, or a male or female assisting youth. He left nothing except the white mule he used to ride. His weapons and land that had been given in charity for destitue travelers." R 476 Bukhari with a chain up to Amr, the son of Harith who related this.

%

| 475- : : . . " " : . : "" : . : "" : : . |

%

EARLY MARTYRS H 477 "The Companions migrated with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, seeking the pleasure of Allah and looking only to Him for their reward. Some of them died without enjoying any (worldly) recompense. Among such was Mus'ab, the son of Umair who was martyred in the battle of Uhud; he left only a small sheet. When they covered his head with it his feet were exposed, and when they covered his feet his head was left uncovered. So the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told us to cover his head and to put some fragrant grass over his feet. Whereas others among them enjoyed the bounties of life." R 477 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Khubaib, the son of Arat who related this hadith.

%

| 476- : : " " : " " . |

%

MOUTHFUL OF WATER H 478 "If the world had a value equal to that of the wing of a mosquito in the Sight of Allah, He would not have allowed an unbeliever to drink a mouthful of water from it." R 478 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Sahl, the son of Sa'ad Sa'idi who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this hadith.

%

| 477- : : " " : " " . |

%

REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH, THE LEARNED PERSON AND THE STUDENT H 479 "'The world is cursed and so is all that is in it except the remembrance of Allah, the High and that which is near to it, and the learned person and the student.'" R 479 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that he heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say this hadith

%

| 478- : : " " : " " . |

%

TEMPTATIONS OF THE WORLD H 480 "Do not try to acquire too much property in case you become enticed by the world." R 480 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Mas'ud who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 479- : : " " : : " " . : " " . |

%

PREPARE FOR THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT H 481 "Abdullah and others were repairing the thatch on a roof when the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked, 'What are you doing?' They replied: 'The thatch has weakened and we are repairing it.' He said: 'I see the matter (the Day of Judgement) approaching sooner than this.'" R 481 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Amr, son of Al 'As who related this hadith.

%

| 480- : : " : " : " " . |

%

MUSLIMS ARE TRIED BY THEIR WEALTH H 482 "Every nation is subjected to a trial; the trial of my nation will be through wealth." R 482 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Ka'ab, the son of Iyaz who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 481- : : : : " : " : " " . : : : : : . : . |

%

ENTITLEMENT H 483 "The son of Adam is entitled to three things: a place to live, a garment to cover his nakedness, and a piece of bread and water." R 483 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Othman, the son of Affan who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 482- - - : : [ ] : " : !" . |

%

PROPERTY H 484 "Abdullah, the son of Shikir went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when he was reciting the chapter At-Takathor - The Excessive Gathering then he said: 'Mankind says: My property, my property, but O son of Adam, from his property there is only what he eats and consumed; what he wears and what he has worn out, his charitable spending and what he forwards (for himself in the Everlasting Life).'" R 484 Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Shikir who related this hadith.

%

| 483- : : : " " : : " " : " " . " " : . |

%

PREPARE FOR POVERTY H 485 "A man said to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, I love you.' He said: 'Look at what you are saying!' The man said: 'Indeed, I love you' and repeated it three times. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'If you really love me, prepare for poverty, because poverty advances more rapidly towards one who loves me than a flood rushes towards its end.'" R 485 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Mughaffal who related this hadith.

%

| 484- : : " " : " " . |

%

ONE WHO CAUSES HARM TO ISLAM H 486 "If two hungry wolves are loose among a flock of sheep they will not cause as much damage as a man causes to his religion through his greed for wealth and status." R 486 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Ka'ab, the son of Malik who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 485- : : . : " " : " " . |

%

BE A TRANSIENT IN THE WORLD H 487 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, slept on a mat and when he arose the impression of the mat was visible on his body. We said: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, shall we prepare a soft mattress for you?' He replied: 'What have I to do with this world? In the world I am like a rider who stops under the shade of a tree for awhile, then passes on, leaving it behind.'" R 487 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Mas'ud who related this hadith.

%

| 486- : : " " : " " . |

%

STATUS OF THE POOR H 488 "The poor will enter (Paradise) five hundred years before the rich." R 488 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 487- : " " . |

%

INHABITANTS OF PARADISE AND HELL H 489 "When I looked at Paradise, I saw that most of its inhabitants were the poor and when I looked at Fire, I saw that most of its inhabitants were women." R 489 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to ibn Abbas and Imran, the son of Husain relate that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 488- : " " . "" : . . |

%

LAILATUL MERAJ H 490 "As I stood at the Gate of Paradise (on the night of Lailatul Meraj) I saw that most of those who entered it were the poor; the rich were held back from it. But those destined for the Fire will be under the order to be driven to Hell." R 490 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Osama, the son of Zaid who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 489- : " : " . |

%

VANITY H 491 "The truest thing a poet has ever said is the saying of Labid: 'Everything except Allah is vain.'" R 491 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| @ : [ ] [ : 59-60 ] : [ ] [ : 79-80 ] : [ ] [ : 8 ] : [ ] [ : 18 ] . |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 56 HUNGER AND ABSTINENCE Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "But the generations who succeeded them wasted their prayers and followed their desires, so they shall encounter error except he who repents and believes and does good works; those shall be admitted to Paradise and shall not be wronged in any way." 19:59-60 Koran "So he went out in all his finery among his nation, those who desired this life said: 'Would that we had the like of that Korah has been given! He has indeed a mighty fortune.' But those to whom knowledge had been given said: 'Alas for you! Better is the reward of Allah for him who believes and does good works; but none shall receive it except the patient.'" 28:79-80 Koran "On that Day, you shall be questioned about the pleasures." 102:8 Koran "For whosoever desires this fleeting life We hasten for him whatever We will and to whom We want. Then We have prepared Gehenna (Hell) for him, where he will be roasted, condemned and rejected." 17:18 Koran

%

| 490- : . . : . |

%

MEAGER MEALS H 492 "The family of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with them, never ate their fill of barley bread upon two consecutive days until after he passed away." We are also told: "Ever since the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, went to Medina, his family never ate their fill of wheat bread for three consecutive nights until he passed away." R 492 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

%

| 491- : : . : : . . |

%

DIET OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him H 493 "Nephew, we would sight three crescents in two months without a fire being lit in the homes of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, Urwah asked: "Aunt, how did you live?" She (Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her) replied: 'On dates and water, unless the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had Ansari neighbors with she-camels yielding milk, who would send some of their milk to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and we drank." R 493 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Urwah who related that the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, said this.

%

| 492- : . : . . " " : . |

%

BARLEY BREAD H 494 "Abu Hurairah passed some people who had roasted a sheep. They invited him to join them, but he declined, saying: 'The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, passed from this world without even eating his fill of barley bread.'" R 494 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Sa'id Maqburi said this.

%

| 493- : . . : . |

%

EATING AT A TABLE H H 495 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, never ate from a table, nor did he ever eat bread made from fine flour. He (the Prophet) praise and peace be upon him, never even saw a whole roasted lamb." R 495 Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who related this.

%

| 494- : . . " " : . |

%

MINIMAL FOOD H H 496 "Nu'man said, 'There was never a time when I saw your Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, having enough of even the poorest quality dates to eat.'" R 496 Muslim with a chain up to Nu'man, the son of Bashir who related this.

%

| 495- : . : : : : . . : "" : : . : "" : . |

%

BARLEY BREAD H 497 "Throughout the Prophet's life he never saw bread made from fine flour. He (Sahl, son of Sa'ad) was asked: 'Didn't you have sieves in the time of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him?' He replied: 'The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, never saw a sieve.' Then he was asked: 'How did you manage to eat bread made from barley without the flour being sieved?' He told them: 'We ground it and then blew over it to remove the husks, whatever remained we kneaded into dough." R 497 Bukhari with a chain up to Sahl, the son of Sa'ad who related this.

%

| 496- : : " " : . : " " : . :" " : . : : : " " . : " " . : "" : . "" : . "" : . "" : . . . |

%

HUNGER OF THE PROPHET, AND HIS COMPANIONS H 498 "It was either one day or night that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, came out and found Abu Bakr and Omar. He asked them: 'What has brought you out of your homes at this hour?' They replied, 'Hunger, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him." The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'By Him in whose Hands is my life, the same reason that brought you out has brought me out, so come.' They stood up and all three went to the house belonging to an Ansar, but he was not at home. When his wife saw the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, she said: 'Welcome and blessings to you.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked her, 'Where is so and so?' She replied: 'He has gone to fetch fresh sweet water for us.' When the Ansari returned and saw the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, with his two Companions, he said: 'Praise be to Allah. There is no one who has more honored guests today than I have.' Then, he then went out and brought a branch bearing ripe and half ripe dates and invited them to eat. Then he picked up a knife and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Do not slaughter a goat that yields milk.' So he slaughtered another one for them and they ate and drank. Once they had finished eating and felt refreshed, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said to his two Companions: 'By Him in whose Hands is my life you will be taken to account for these bounties on the Day of Judgement. Hunger drove you from your homes and you did not return until you had enjoyed these bounties.'" R 498 Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this hadith.

%

| 497- : : ! . . : "" : . : "" : . : " " : . "" : . : "" : . "" : . : "" . |

%

HUMILITY OF GOVERNORS H 499 "We were addressed by Utbah, the son of Ghazwan, Governor of Basra. After he had praised and exalted Allah, he said, 'The world is announcing its departure and is running swiftly, turning away its face. All that is left of it is like the few drops left at the bottom of a vessel after the water in it has been drunk, and this is what the people who love the world are drinking. Indeed, you will be taken from it to a home which is everlasting. Therefore, be sure that you go there with the best you have. We have been told that a stone dropped from the mouth of Hell will continue to fall for seventy years before it reaches its bottom. Yet it will be filled. Then do you wonder at it? We have also been told that the distance between the two doors of the Gate of Paradise is equal to a journey of over forty years, yet a day will come when it will be crowded with people. I recall being one of seven people with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when our only food was the leaves of trees which lacerated the inside of our mouths. I had a sheet which I cut into two and gave half to Sa'ad, the son of Malik and we made our pieces into loin-cloths. Today, every one of us is governor of a city. I seek refuge with Allah that I become in myself great, while I am with Allah small. I seek the protection of Allah against thinking myself great and being small in the Sight of Allah.'" R 499 Muslim with a chain up to Khalid, the son of Omar Adavi who related this hadith.

%

| 498- : : . . |

%

CLOTHES OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him H H 500 "Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, showed us a sheet and a coarse loin-cloth and told us that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was wearing them when he passed away." R 500 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Musa Ash'ari who related this.

%

| 499- : . . " " : . |

%

LEAVES OF THE HUBLAH AND SAMOR TREES H H 501 "I (Sa'ad, son of Abi Wakkas) am the first Arab to shoot an arrow in the cause of Allah. We fought along with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and our food was only the leaves of the Hublah and Samor trees. The stools of some of us were like the droppings of goats." R 501 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Sa'ad, the son of Abi Wakkas who related this.

%

| 500- : : " " . : " " : . |

%

PROVISION OF THE HOLY FAMILY H 502 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would supplicate: 'O Allah, make the provision of the family of Muhammad that which suffices.'" R 502 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this hadith.

%

| 501- : . : " " : : "" : " " : - - : " " : : " " : . : ! . : " " : : " " : : " " : : " " : : " " " " : "" : ! : "" . . |

%

HUNGER OF ABU HURAIRAH AND THE MIRACULOUS CUP OF MILK H H 503 "Abu Hurairah said: 'By Allah, there is no other god except Him, I would press my stomach against the ground on account of hunger, or tie a stone upon it. One day I was sitting by the side of the road when the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, passed by, he smiled when he saw me and realized from my face the condition I was in. He spoke to me and I replied: 'Obedient to you, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.' He said: 'Come with me' and walked on and I followed him.' We went to his home and he asked the permission of those inside to enter and then gave me permission to enter. Inside the house he found a cup of milk and asked: 'Where has this milk come from' and was told that it was a gift for him from so and so. He spoke to me and I replied: 'Obedient to you, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.' He said: 'Go to my Companions, the Suffa and bring them here.' These people were men who had neither family, property, nor relatives so they lived as guests with other Muslims. When the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, received anything to be spent in charity he sent it to them and did not retain anything from it for himself (because charity was forbidden to him). When he received a gift he sent for them and shared it with them. On this occasion I resented his sending for them. I asked myself: 'How can this amount of milk suffice so many, I deserve it more than anyone else, so that I might regain some energy. When they come he will tell me to give it to them. I do not expect that there would be any left for me.' I could not do anything else except to obey Allah and His Messenger, praise and peace be upon him, so I went to them and invited them to come. When they came they were given permission to enter and sat down, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, called me and I responded: 'Obedient to you, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.' He told me: 'Take the milk and give it to them.' So I took the cup and gave it to the first man who drank until he had his fill and then he returned it to me. I did the same for the others and they all had their fill. Then the cup reached the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, who took the cup in his hand, looked at me, smiled and said: 'Aba Hirr.' I replied: 'Obedient to you, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.' He said: 'Now you and I are left.' I replied: 'That is so, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him.' He told me: 'Sit down and drink.' I drank, and he kept telling me to drink more until I said: 'By Him who has sent you with the truth. I have no more room for it.' So he said: 'Then give it to me.' So I gave him the cup and he praised Allah, and in the Name of Allah drank what was left of the milk." R 503 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this hadith.

%

| 502- : . . |

%

FAINT THROUGH HUNGER H 504 "I (Abu Hurairah) remember how I would fall unconscious in the area between the pulpit of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and the room of Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, and how passers by would put their foot on my neck imagining that I was insane. Indeed, I was not insane; I was hungry." R 504 Bukhari with a chain up to Muhammad, the son of Sirin who related this.

%

| 503- : . . |

%

SHIELD OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him H 505 "At the time the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, passed away his shield was in collateral with a Jew for thirty measures (Sa') of barley." R 505 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

%

| 504- : : " " . . " " : . "" : . |

%

COLLATERED SHIELD H H 506 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, had collatered his shield for thirty measures (Sa') of barley. I (Anas) took him some barley bread and rancid fat and I heard him saying: 'The family of Muhammad having neither at night nor morning even a measure (Sa' of food).'" "Anas added: 'And there were nine households.'" R 506 Bukhari with a chain up to Anas who related this hadith.

%

| 505- : . . |

%

POVERTY OF THE SUFFA H H 507 "Abu Hurairah knew seventy of the Companions of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, known as the Suffa and not one of them possessed a cloak, a top and a bottom. They possessed either a loin cloth or a covering which they threw over their necks and hung either to the mid-calf or down to their ankles. They kept it in place with their hands lest their genitalia might be exposed." R 507 Bukhari with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related this hadith.

%

| 506- : . . |

%

BED OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him H 508 "The mattress of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was made of leather and stuffed with the fibrous bark of the date-palm tree." R 508 Bukhari with a chain up to the Mother of Believers, Lady Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, who related this.

%

| 507- ǡ : : " " : : " " . . |

%

CLOTHES OF THE SUFFA H H 509 "The Companions were sitting with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, when a man from the tribe of Ansar came, greeted him and turned to go away. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said to him: 'Brother from the Ansar, how is my brother Sa'ad, the son of Ubadah?' He answered: 'Well.' Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked: 'Which of you will go with me to visit him?' He stood up and they all of stood up. There were more than ten people; not one of them had a shoe, a leather sock, a turban or a shirt. They walked across the barren plain until they came to home of Sa'ad. His household withdrew and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and his Companions went to him." R 509 Muslim with a chain up to ibn Omar who related this hadith.

%

| 508- : " " : " " . |

%

LATER GENERATIONS H 510 "'The best of you are those who are my Companions, then those who follow directly after them, then those who follow directly after them.' This he said two or three times. 'Then they will be followed by those who will bear witness but will not be asked to testify. They will embezzle and not keep their trusts; they will vow and not fulfill, and obesity will be common among them.'" R 510 Bukhari and Muslim - Imran, the son of Husain who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 509- : : " " : " " . |

%

SPEND ON YOUR DEPENDENTS H 511 "O son of Adam, if you were to spend whatever is left over it will be better for you. If you withhold it, it will be evil for you. You will not be blamed for keeping that which you need. Begin by spending upon your dependents." R 511 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Abu Umamah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 510- : : " " : " " . " " : : : . |

%

PROVISIONS FOR THE DAY H 512 "For anyone who wakes safely at the beginning of the day in good health, possessing the provision for that day, it is as if the world and all it contains has been given to him." R 512 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Ubaidullah, the son of Mohsin Ansari who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 511- : : " " . |

%

TRUE PROSPERITY H 513 "Whosoever embraces Islam, and is given provision sufficient for his need, and is content with whatever Allah has given him has achieved true prosperity." R 513 Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Amr son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 512- : : " " : " " . |

%

BLESSINGS H 514 "Good tidings to whosoever is guided to Islam and has a provision that suffices him and is content with it." R 514 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Fazalah, the son of Ubaid who related that he heard the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 513- : . : " " . |

%

PROVISIONS OF THE HOLY FAMILY H 515 "On several successive nights, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and his family went to bed feeling hungry not having any supper. Their bread was, for the most part, made from barley." R 515 Tirmidhi with a chain up to ibn Abbas who related this.

%

| 514- : - - : . : " " : " " . " " : . |

%

REWARD FOR HUNGER H 516 "There were some people who, when stood in prayer with the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, fainted on account of extreme hunger. These Companions were known as Suffa. The villagers thought them to be insane. As soon as the prayer had finished, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, would go to them and say: 'If you only knew what there is waiting for you with Allah, the Exalted, you would wish to have your hunger and lack of provisions increased.'" R 516 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Fazalah, the son of Ubaid who related this hadith.

%

| 515- : : " " : " " . " " : . |

%

BALANCED DIET H 517 "No man fills a vessel worse than his stomach. A few mouthfuls are sufficient to keep his back upright, but if he must eat more, then let it be one third for his food, and one third for his drink and one third for his breathing." R 517 Tirmidhi with a chain up to Miqdad, the son of Ma'dikarib who related that he heard the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, say this.

%

| 516- : : " " : . . " " - - . " " : : . |

%

ABSTINENCE IS PART OF FAITH H 518 "One day, the Companions of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, raised the issue of the world to him whereupon he said: 'Don't you hear, don't you realize? Abstinence from a life of ease and comfort is part of faith, abstinence is part of faith.'" R 518 Abu Daud with a chain up to Abu Umamah Iyas, the son of Thalabah who related this hadith.

%

| 517- : : : . : : : : " " . . " " : . : "" "" : . "" : "" : . "" : . "" : . " " : . " " : . |

%

PROVISION FROM ALLAH H H 519 "The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sent the Companions out under the leadership of Abu Ubaidah to an encounter with a Korayshi caravan. Their provisions were a leather bag containing dried dates and nothing else. Abu Ubaidah gave them each one date a day. Jabir was asked: 'How did you manage.' He replied: 'We sucked it in the way a child would and then drank some water afterwards. This kept us going until night. We would also pull down leaves from the trees with our staffs, dip them in water and eat them. When we reached the coast we saw something that resembled a sand dune stretched out on the beach. We approached it and found it was a whale. Abu Ubaidah said: 'This is carrion, we cannot eat it because it is forbidden.' But upon reflection he added: 'We have been sent by the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and are engaged in the cause of Allah. We have been driven by necessity, therefore it is lawful for us to eat it.' There were three hundred of us and we lived from it for a month and gained weight. We extracted skinfuls of oil through its eyes, and carved out pieces of meat as large as an ox. On one occasion Abu Ubaidah told thirteen of us to sit in the socket of its eye. He took one of its ribs and stood it up and made our tallest camel walk under it. When we left we took large pieces of boiled meat with us for our provision. Upon our return to Medina we presented ourselves before the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and told him about the whale. He said: 'That was a provision sent to you by Allah. Have you any of its meat to give to us so that we may eat?' So we sent some of it to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and he ate from it.'" R 519 Muslim with a chain up to Jabir, the son of Abdullah who related this hadith.

%

| 518- : . : " " . " " : . |

%

SHIRT OF THE PROPHET, praise and peace be upon him H 520 "The sleeves of the shirt of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, reached his wrist." R 520 Abu Daud and Tirmidhi with a chain up to Asma', the daughter of Yazid who related this.

%

| 519- : : . : " " : : : : : " " : " " : "" : ! : : : " " : " " . : : : : : " : " : " " : ! : . : " " . : " " "" : " " . "" : "" : . "" : . "" : : "" : . "" . "" : : "" . "" . " " . " " : : . "" : . "" : : . "" : . |

%

THE MIRACULOUS FEAST DURING THE BATTLE OF THE TRENCH H 521 "During the battle of Ahzab (the battle of the Trench) the Companions we were digging a trench when they struck a hard boulder; no one was able to break it. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, was told about it and said: 'I will go down to the trench.' As he stood up it was noticed that he had tied a rock to his stomach (to prevent the pangs of hunger) - they had not eaten anything for three days. When he reached the trench he picked up a spade and struck the hard boulder with it and it shattered into sand. Jabir asked the Prophet's permission to return to his home. When he reached his home he said to his wife: 'I have seen the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, in such a (hungry) condition, I cannot bear it, have you anything to eat in the house?' She told him: 'I have some barley and a nanny goat.' Jabir slaughtered the nanny goat and ground the barley, then put the meat into the cooking pot. When the broth was almost ready and the barley flour had been kneaded, Jabir went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and said: 'I have some food, O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, will you come with one or two others?' He asked: 'How is it?' Jabir replied: 'As I mentioned.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'It is a lot and good, tell her not to take the pot off the fire nor the bread from the oven until I arrive.' Then he said to the Emigrants and the Helpers: 'Let us go, and they all stood up.' Jabir returned to his wife and said: 'The Blessings of Allah be upon you, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, together with the Emigrants, the Helpers and others are coming!' She asked: 'Did he ask you (how much food there was)?' Jabir replied: 'Yes.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, told his Companions: 'Enter, but do not over-crowd.' Then he started to break the bread into pieces and put some meat on top of it. Then he took some bread from the oven and some broth from the pot and poured it over it and asked his Companions to pass the food around. Then he went back to the pot and oven, uncovered them and did the same. He continued to do this until everyone had eaten their fill - and there was still some left over! Then he told Jabir's wife: 'Eat some and send some as a gift to those who are hungry.'" We are also informed: "At the time when the trench was being dug, Jabir noticed the signs of hunger on the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, so he returned to his wife and asked her 'Have you any food in the house? I have seen signs of acute hunger in the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him,' She brought out a leather bag in which there was a measure of barley; there was also a nanny goat they had reared. Jabir slaughtered the nanny goat and she prepared the flour for baking. Jabir cut the meat into pieces and put it in the cooking pot. Then as he was about to return to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, to invite him his wife said (considering the small quantity of food): 'Do not humiliate me in the eyes of the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and those who are with him.' When Jabir came to him he spoke to him in a low tone saying: 'O Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, we have slaughtered a nanny goat and have ground a measure of barley. Please come with a few people.' Thereupon the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, announced for all his Companions to hear: 'Companions of the Trench, Jabir has prepared a feast for you, so come, all of you.' Then he told Jabir 'Do not remove the pot from the fire, nor bake the bread until I arrive.' So Jabir returned home and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, followed with his Companions. Jabir's wife said: 'This will give you a bad name.' Jabir replied: 'I only did what you asked me to do.' Jabir's wife brought the dough and the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, put his saliva on it and blessed it. Then he went to the cooking pot and put a little saliva in it and blessed it. Then he said: 'Call the lady who bakes, let her bake with you, and let her ladle the broth from the cooking pot without removing it from the fire.' There were a thousand people altogether, and by Allah, all of them ate. When they left there was still some food in the pot, and Jabir's pot was as full as it was in the beginning, and the amount of dough remaining to be baked was the same quantity as that which they started." R 521 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Jabir who related this hadith.

%

| 520- : : : : " " : : " " : : "" : : . : " " : " " : " " . . : . : . : . : : : : : . : : ... . |

%

THE MIRACULOUS FEEDING OF EIGHTY PEOPLE H 522 "(Abu Talha said to Umm Sulaim ) 'I have heard the voice of the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, and it sounds weak due to hunger, do you have any food with you?' 'Yes' she replied, and produced a few pieces of barley bread. Then she took her scarf and wrapped the bread in it, and concealed the package under yet another piece of cloth which she made me (Anas) wear and sent me to the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him." I found the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, sitting in the Mosque surrounded by his Companions. I stood near to them when the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked: 'Have you been sent by Abu Talha?' I replied: 'Yes.' He inquired: 'To invite us for food?' I said: 'Yes.' The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said to the Companions: 'Then let us go.' They began to walk and I walked with them. When he met Abu Talha I told him what had happened. Abu Talha called out to Umm Sulaim: 'The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, has come with a large number of people and we have nothing to feed them with.' She replied: 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' Abu Talha went to greet the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and invited him inside. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Bring whatever you have, Umm Sulaim.' So she placed before him the same pieces of barley bread. The Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, asked for the bread to be broken into pieces and she spread butter over them so that they were greased. Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said over the food what Allah willed him to say, 'Let ten people enter.' Abu Talha called for ten enter, and they ate their fill and left. Then the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said: 'Let the next ten enter.' So the next ten came, ate and left. This continued until everyone had eaten his fill - there were between seventy and eighty who were fed." We are also informed: "After they had all had eaten, the amount remaining was the same as it was at the beginning." We are also informed: "After eighty people had eaten, the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and the people of the house ate and there was still some left over." We are also informed: "There was enough left over to be sent to the neighbors." We are also informed: "One day Anas went to the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, and found him with his stomach strapped, sitting among his Companions. Anas asked someone: 'Why has the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, strapped his stomach?' He was told: 'On account of hunger.' So Anas went to Abu Talha the husband of Umm Sulaim and said 'Father, I have seen the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, with his stomach strapped. I asked one of his Companions why that was and he said it was because of his hunger.' Abu Talha went to Anas' mother and asked: 'Have you any food?' She replied: 'Yes, I have some pieces of bread and some dry dates. If the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, came alone, we could feed him, but if he came with others there would not be enough.' Anas then went on to relate the rest of the hadith." R 522 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Anas who related Abu Talha said this to Umm Sulaim.

%

| @ : [ ] [ : 6 ] : [ ] [ : 273 ] : [ ] [ : 67 ] : [ ] [ : 56-57 ] . : |

%

ON THE SUBJECT OF 57 CONTENTMENT, CHASTITY AND MODERATION IN SPENDING Let us start by reading some verses from the Koran Allah, the Exalted says: "There is not a crawling (creature) on the earth whose provision is not by Allah....." 11:6 Koran "(Charity is) for the poor who are restrained in the way of Allah, and are unable to journey in the land. The ignorant take them to be rich because of their abstinence. But you can recognize them by their signs. They do not persistently beg people. Whatever good you give is known to Allah." 2:273 Koran "who when they spend are neither wasteful nor miserly, between that is a just stand. 25:67 Koran "I have not created mankind and jinn except to worship Me. I do not desire provision from them, nor do I desire that they should feed Me." 51:56-57 Koran

%

| 521- : " " . " " : . |

%

REALITY OF WEALTH H 523 "Richness is not an abundance of assets rather, richness is the contentment of one's self." R 523 Bukhari and Muslim with a chain up to Abu Hurairah who related that the Prophet, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 522- : : " " . |

%

TRUE PROSPERITY H 524 "Whosoever embraces Islam, and is given provision sufficient for his need, and is content with whatever Allah has given him has achieved true prosperity." R 524 Muslim with a chain up to Abdullah, the son of Amr son of Al 'As who related that the Messenger of Allah, praise and peace be upon him, said this.

%

| 523- : : " " : : . : . .